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How to Lose Weight Fast | Women’s Health

Jun, 1st 2018 2:40 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Crash diets are the freaking worst. While you might be motivatedto lose weight fast, by day four of whatever bananas diet you’re on (hopefully not literally a diet of bananas), looking puffy sounds a lot more appealing than 24 more hours of chicken breast and spinach.

Because we care, we’re here to offer you a much easier, healthier, and saner plan of attack that will actually help you learn how to lose weight fastthe healthy way. No juice cleanses, no hot dogs and a cup of broccoli (seriously, this exists), and no hunger-induced dreams featuring you naked in a kiddie pool full of guac.

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Preserve your muscle and your sanity by jump-starting your weight loss results with these eight easy strategies that will set you up for years of healthy living.

If you have toast at breakfast, choose another whole-grain carb like brown rice or quinoa for lunch and dinner. If you love to eat PB and J for a pre-workout snack, lay off the nuts the rest of the day. By limiting yourself to one portion of any single food, you automatically add a sort of fail-safe to your eating plan, says Rania Batayneh, M.P.H., author of The One One One Diet. Plus, even more importantly, this strategy adds a wider array of nutrients to each dayincreasing your satiety and energy levels so you can crush your weight-loss efforts.

In one European Journal of Nutrition study, people who followed a low-cal diet that included four weekly servings of legumes lost significantly more weight after just four weeks compared to those who ate the same number of caloriesbut no legumes. The weight-loss turbocharge may come from legumes’ fiber and antioxidant compounds, since the researchers found that legume lovers had lower levels of inflammatory markers that are linked to obesity. Try adding chickpeas to your salad, cooking some lentils in the slow cooker, or mixing black beans into a Tex-Mex omelet.

Yeah, you know your sleep affects your weight. But you probably don’t realize just how quickly that happens: One Annals of Internal Medicine study suggests two weeks is all it takes for your sleep to show upone way or the otheraround your waistline. In the study, men and women followed a calorie-controlled diet. After 14 days of sleeping either 5.5 or 8.5 hours each night, both groups lost about 6.5 poundsbut those who got the most sleep lost twice as much fat as the short sleepers did. (Stay on track with your goals with Women’s Health’s Look Better Naked DVD.)

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While increasing your water intake is vital to preventing overeating, promoting healthy digestion, and keeping your metabolism in tip-top shape, when it comes to dropping weight quickly, water is also your greatest de-bloating ally, says San Diego-based trainer Kyle Brown, C.S.C.S., who is best known for getting celebrities “cut” before photo shoots and red-carpet affairs. That’s because, when your cells are dehydrated, their first course of action is to cling to any fluid that’s in your system, contributing to all-over bloat. He recommends drinking a liter of water for every 50 pounds you weigh, per day. So if you weigh 175 pounds, it comes out to 3.5 liters of water. Sip consistently to prevent overloading your system all at once.

Another way to ditch excess water weight is to get your sodium and potassium levels in check, says Brown. To do that, he recommends cutting back on processed foods, which tend to be high in sodium, and nixing salt from whatever food is on your plate. Pair this low-salt strategy with plenty of potassium-rich foods like salmon, halibut, and spinach, and you’ll de-bloat over the course of the week, he says.

To lose weight in record time, high-intensity interval training is your exercise strategy of choice. Minute-per-minute, it burns more calories than other workouts like steady-state cardio while also increasing the calories you burn 48 hours after your workout, says Taylor Gainor, C.S.C.S., co-founder of LIT Method in Los Angeles. Plus, over the long term, interval training builds muscle, which is critical for keeping the weight off, says Brown. Your exercise prescription: Perform all-out effort of a given exercise (like burpees, squats, lunges, or pushups) for 20 seconds, then rest for 10 seconds, and repeat until four minutes have passed. Rest one minute, then repeat for a total of four rounds, suggests research from the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.

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See some of the craziest diets people have actually tried throughout history.

We realize this isn’t groundbreaking advice, but one of the easiest ways to debloat is to reduce your intake of simple, refined carbs. Some sources to watch out for include white pasta, cookies, crackers, and candy. While it goes without saying that the refined sugar in these foods can prevent weight loss over the long term, they can lead to significant water retention in the short term, says Gainor. You’ll be shocked how much weight you lose (even if it is water) within a week or two of cutting back on your regular sugar fix, he says.

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Eating balanced meals and snacks, containing all three macronutrients your body needs, every few hours is key to energizing your bod for your workouts, preventing overeating (especially those simple carbs), and keeping your metabolism at peak speed, Batayneh says. Try toast, an egg, and avocado for breakfast, an apple with string cheese for a snack, and a spinach salad tossed with chicken and olive oil for lunch.

In one Penn State study, people who ate roughly a handful of almonds each day lost significantly more abdominal fat over the course of six weeks compared to those who followed a nut-less (heh) diet with the same number of calories. While this study looked at almond intake, other tree nuts like walnuts and pistachios have also been linked to improved health and weights, thanks to their healthy fat and protein content.

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How to Lose Weight Fast | Women’s Health

How To Lose Weight Fast and Easy 101 Simple Weight Loss Tips

Jun, 1st 2018 2:40 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

I have had lists of how to lose weight fast and easy before but this is by far the largest list of 101 weight loss tips that I have ever done. I have also linked to other pages on this site to give you even more info.

It is one thing to look at this list of tips for how to lose weight quickly and marvel at its size but, in fact, to make the biggest changes in your life you just have to make a couple small changes at a time in your life until life is where you want it to be.

So peruse this list, sure, but more importantly just pick a couple of things that you can do now and then come back in a couple of days to pick another couple.

Great luck to you!

1. Drink plenty of water. Our body needs a lot of water so give in to water. Water is not just way to flush out toxin but if you have more water in your body you will generally feel healthier and fitter. This itself will discourage any tendency to gorge. The best thing about water is that it has no calories at all.

2. Start your day with a glass of water. As soon as you wake up, gulp down a glass of cool water. Its a wonderful way to start you day and you only need a lesser quantity of your breakfast drink after that.

A glass of water lets out all your digestive juices and sort of lubricates the insides of your body. You may have your morning cup of tea but have it after a glass of water. It is good for you.

3. Drink a glass of water before you start the meal. Water naturally needs some space so that you feel fuller without actually having to stuff yourself.

4. Have another glass of water while you are having the meal. Again this is another way of making yourself full so that you can actually rise from the table eating less but feeling full just the same. Instead of drinking it one gulp, take sips after each morsel. It will help the food to settle faster so that you get that feeling that you are full faster.

SIDENOTE: Water is such a remarkable thing, but seldom do we give it the credit that it deserves. Did you know that over 66% of your body weight is nothing but water Its amazing! Water also plays a vital role in weight control, which is why I donated so much space to it, above.

5. Stay away from sweetened bottle drinks, especially sodas. Hey, all those colas and fizzy drinks are sweetened with sugar and sugar means calories. The more you can cut out on these sweetened bottle drinks, the better for you. So if you must drink sodas, then stick to diet sodas.

6. Include in your diet things that contain more water like tomatoes and watermelons. These things contain 90 to 95 % water so that there is nothing that you have to lose weight by feasting on them. They fill you up without adding to the pounds.

7. Eat fresh fruit instead of drinking fruit juice. Juice is often sweetened, but fresh fruits have natural sugars. When you eat fruit, you are taking in a lot of fiber, which is needed by the body, and fruits, of course, are an excellent source of vitamins.

8. If you do have a craving for fruit juice then go for fresh fruit juice instead of these that contain artificial flavors and colors. Or even better, try making your own fruit juice taking care not to sweeten it with too many calories.

9. Choose fresh fruit to processed fruits. Processed and canned fruits do not have as much fiber as fresh fruit and processed and canned fruits are nearly always sweetened.

10. Increase your fiber intake. Like I mentioned, the body needs a lot of fiber. So try to include in your diet as many fruits and vegetables as you can.

11. Go crazy on vegetables. Vegetables are your best bet when it comes to losing pounds. Nature has a terrific spread when it comes to choosing vegetables. And the leafy green vegetables are your best bet. Try to include a salad in you diet always.

12. Eat intelligently. The difference between man and beast is that we are driven by intelligence while beasts are driven by instinct. Dont just eat something because you feel like eating it. Ask yourself whether your body really needs it

13. Watch what you eat. Keep a watchful eye on everything that goes in. Sometimes the garnishes can richer than the food itself. Accompaniments too can be very rich. Remember that it is the easiest thing in the world to eat something without realizing that it was something that you should not have eaten. Selective memory you know

14. Control that sweet tooth. Remember that sweet things generally mean more calories. It is natural that we have cravings for sweet things especially chocolates and other confectionary. Go easy on theses things and each time you consume something sweet understand that it is going to add on somewhere.

15. Fix times to have meals and stick to it. Try to have food at fixed times of the day. You can stretch these times by half an hour, but anything more than that is going to affect your eating pattern, the result will either be a loss of appetite or that famished feeling which will make you stuff yourself with more than what is required the next time you eat.

16. Eat only when you are hungry. Some of us have the tendency to eat whenever we see food. We use parties as an excuse to stuff ourselves. Understand that the effect of a whole week of dieting can be wasted by just one days party food. Whenever you are offered something to eat do not decline it completely bit just break of a nibble so that you appear to mind your manners and at the same time can watch your diet.

17. Quit snacking in between meals. Do not fall for snacks in between meals. This is especially true for those who have to travel a lot. They feel that the only time they can get a bite to eat is snacks and junk food. The main problem with most snacks and junk food is that they are usually less filling and contain a lot of fat and calories. Just think about French fries tempting but terribly fattening.

18. Snack on vegetables if you must. You might get the pangs of hunger in between meals. It is something that you can very well control. Or even better, try munching on carrots. They are an excellent way to satisfy those hungry pangs and are good for your eyes and teeth. True, you might end up being called Bugs Bunny, but its miles better to be called Bugs Bunny than fatso.

19. Go easy on tea and coffee. Tea and coffee are harmless by themselves. Its when you add the cream and sugar that they become fattening. Did you know that having a cup of tea or coffee that has cream and at least two cubes of sugar are as bad as having a big piece of rich chocolate cake

20. Try to stick to black tea/coffee. Black tea or coffee can actually be good for you. But personally I would like to recommend tea rather than coffee. The caffeine in the coffee is not really good for you because it is an alkaloid and can affect other functions of your body like the metabolism. But again lots of liquids is a great thing in how to lose weightquickly.

21. Count the calories as you eat. Its a good idea to have an idea of the calories that most food items have. If it is a packed thing then the label is sure to have the calories that the substance has.

22. be sure to burn out those extra calories by the end of the week. If you feel that you have consumed more calories than you should have during the week, it happens you know, and then make sure that you work off those extra calories by the end of the week.

23. Stay away from fried things. Fried things are an absolute no-no. The more fried things that you avoid, the lesser weight you will gain. Fried things are called so because they are fried in oil or fat. And even if the external oil is drained away, there is still a lot of hidden oil in it so stay away from it.

24. Do not skip meals. The worst thing you can do while watching you diet is skip a meal. It has just the opposite effect of what you want. You need to have at least four regular meals every day.

25. Fresh vegetables are better than cooked or canned vegetables. Try to eat your vegetables raw. When you cook them, you are in fact taking away nearly half the vitamins in them. And canned vegetables too are processed and are not nearly half as good as fresh vegetables. When you buy your vegetables it would be a good thing to see if the label says that it is pesticide free.

26. Nothing more than an egg a day. Eggs are not such a bright idea. It would be best to reduce your intake of eggs to maybe three in a week. But for those of you die hard egg fans, you may have up to one egg a day but nothing more than that.

27. Make chocolates a luxury and not a routine. Chocolates are not or at least they should not be a part of your diet. So do not indulge too much in them. Even the bitter chocolates are not good for you because though the sugar is less there is still the cream in them.

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28. Choose a variety of foods from all food groups every day. This is a fine way of keeping deficiency diseases at bay. Change the items included in your diet every day. This is an excellent way of keeping deficiency diseases at bay and it helps you to experiment with a variety of dishes and thereby you do not get bored of your diet.

29. If you can say no to alcoholic beverages please do. Alcoholic beverages too are not good for you. Beer can be fattening and the rest of the alcoholic drinks may not be fattening by themselves but after a couple of swigs you will be in no position to watch your diet and your appetite too will be something to battle with.

30. Try to have breakfast within one hour of waking. Its always best to have breakfast within an hour of waking so that your body can charge itself with the energy it needs for the day. The idea is not to wait for yourself to get really hungry. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day but that does not mean that it should be the most filling meal of the day.

31. 50 to 55% of your diet should be carbohydrates. It is a myth that you should try and avoid carbohydrates when you are on a diet. Rather the other way round I should say. Carbohydrates are a ready source of energy and so 50 to 55% of your diet should be carbohydrates.

32. 25 to 30% of your diet should be proteins. Various processes and activities are going on in our bodies. Things are broken down and being built up again. Resistance has to be built up, recovery from disease too is needed and for all this the body needs plenty of proteins so see to it that 25 to 30% of your diet consists of proteins.

33. Fats should only be 15 to 20%. You need only this much of fat in your diet so keep it at that.

34. Try and adopt a vegetarian diet. A vegetarian diet is undoubtedly better for those of us watching our diet. There are a lot of advantages of keeping to a vegetarian diet but I dont want to sing an ode to vegetarianism now.

What I would suggest is keep to a vegetarian diet as much as you can. Make a non- vegetarian diet a weekend event or something if you find it impossible to give up eating all those animals.

35. Choose white meat rather than red. White meat, which includes fish and fowl, is miles better than red meat, which includes beef and pork for those trying to lose weight.

36. High Fiber multigrain bread are better than white bread. Remember how I told you to increase the fiber content in your food; well this is the answer to that. It is not only better in terms of the fiber content but also in terms of the protein content as well.

37. Reduce your intake of pork. Pork is not something that can help you to lose weight. So the lesser pork you eat the better chances you have of losing weight. And remember that pork includes the pork products as well, things like bacon, ham, and sausages.

38. Limit your sugar intake. If you cant have things unsweetened go for sugar substitutes. These things are just as sweetening but are certainly not fattening.

39. Graze 5 to 6 times a day. Instead of sticking to just three meals a day, try grazing. Grazing means try having 5 or 6 smaller meals instead of three king sized meals. It is an excellent way of having smaller quantities of food.

40. Go ahead eat cheat food, but only for flavor. There are many things which you have to avoid from your diet but which you may have an undying craving for. Do not avoid them altogether. You could call them cheat foods and indulge in them once in a while. But take care just to tingle your taste buds, dont hog on them. Instead of that share them with others. In this way

41. Watch your fat intake. Each fat gram contains 9 calories so by reading the total calories on a food and knowing the quantity of fat, you can estimate the % of fat, which should in no way exceed 30% of the food.

42. Go easy on the salt, as too much salt is one of the causes of obesity. Make it a point to really cut down on salt. Try to bring down your salt intake to half of what it was last year.

43. Change from table butter to cholesterol free butter. If you have a choice why not go for it, anyway it is healthier for you and tastes just the same. Bear in mind that these small changes can go a long way towards weight reduction.

44. Instead of frying things try baking them without fat. Baking is by far a healthier method of preparing food than frying. Baking requires lesser oil or fat.

45. Use a nonstick frying pan for your cooking so that you do not have to add oil. The golden rule is to try and avoid as much oil as possible and a nonstick pan is a perfect solution to this problem.

46. Boil your vegetables instead of cooking them, or even better, eat them fresh. However, if you do not like eating your vegetables as it is, try steaming them without adding anything at all. This is probably the healthiest way to eat cabbages, cauliflowers and a host of other vegetables.

47. Carry parsley with you. Parsley is an excellent thing to munch on in between meals. Not just is it good for you in terms of vitamins, but it is also a perfect way of making your breath fresher.

48. Choose low fat substitutes or no fat substitutes. There are plenty of low fat or even no fat substitutes available in the market so why not choose wisely. It is much better for your heart too.

Many people just go shopping and pick up whatever they can. They do not bother to find out if there are nay substitutes for the thing they are looking for. In the markets of today, you will be astounded at the range of goods that manufacturers have to offer.

In fact with all the hue and cry that is being made about weight loss, low-fat substitutes and no fat substitutes are hitting the stands faster than mushrooms that sprout after the first rains. So the next time you head to the grocery store instead of picking up what you have always picked up, see if there are better substitutes.

Remember that our bodies need nutrients and not just calories. Fats give us nutrients but with more calories than what proteins or carbohydrates do.

49. Avoid crash diets. They are bad for health and you will gain what you have lost once you take a break. Crash diets are not a solution to weight loss. It might seem as if you have lost few pounds but the moment you give up on the crash diet everything will bounce back with a vengeance. Take a look at it in this way.

Do you think that it is possible for a person to survive on a crash diet for the rest of his or her life Certainly not! So at some time or the other, you will have to give up the crash diet and then you will see for yourself that a crash diet does more harm than good in the long run.

Crash diets may have a lot to promise, but very rarely do these promises ring true. Crash diets are things people go on in order to wear an old dress or suit for a particular occasion. Thats the only purpose that they serve as far as I can see.

50. God gave us teeth for a reason… Therefore, we should develop a habit of chewing all food including liquid food and soft foods like sweets, ice creams at least 8 to 12 times.

This is essential to add saliva to the food, as it is only in the saliva that sugar is digested. Often we find that whatever goes into our mouth goes down like lightning. We hardly give the saliva any time to act on the food. So does digestion take place like it should? Do we just stuff our tummies with food that doesnt get digested or in other words that dont yield the benefits that it should

51. Dry wine is better than sweet wine. Sweet wines naturally contain a lot of sugar. But on the other hand, in dry wines most of this sugar has been fermented away so from the weight point of view dry wines are better than sweet wines.

52. When you decide its time to start working out, start slowly and dont get discouraged if you dont achieve your fitness goals after the first week. Many people make this mistake. They feel that if they really push their bodies they can lose more weight in a couple of workouts.

This is a very serious thing in fact. If you try to push your body too much in the first few goes, you are likely to end up with sprained joints, a sore back and even torn ligaments. The rule to be followed here is slow and steady wins the race.

53. Check your weight before you start the routine and keep checking for changes but do not expect a radical change immediately, it might be one or two weeks before you notice some change. However, it is crucial that you continue to monitor your weight. You may bear in mind the fact that even a few pounds loss is a big achievement.

54. When you do notice a change, reward yourself. When I say reward I do not mean to go for some goodies like chocolates or sweets. Maybe you could go to a movie or buy yourself something like a new dress or a trinket. This is something that can keep you going. It is a good idea to save the money that you wanted to spend on ice creams and chocolates and then treat yourself to something more substantial.

55. You can take a day off from exercise every week. This is not just a very good idea, but it is part of the exercise routine. Your body needs a day off from an exercise routine so do not hesitate to take a day off from whatever you have been doing.

56. Exercise outdoors as far as possible. There are two advantages of doing whatever you are doing outside. One advantage is that it gives your body a chance to get a lot of the much needed fresh air and sunshine. The second advantage is that the surroundings keep you perked up and it is a break from remaining cooped up all day long

57. Try to collect some information about exercise, there are a lot of things that you can do at home. Extensive research has been done on exercise and plenty of this information is easily available. You can try browsing the net or getting a book or two on how to exercise at home. This information will be useful to you to know how much you need to work out on each specific exercise in order to burn off the desired number of calories.

58. Try to get somebody to exercise along with you. But it should be somebody committed or else your interest might dwindle. This is indeed an excellent idea. One of the advantages of getting a committed person to exercise with you is that it keeps you going.

There may be days when you feel just too lazy to crawl out of bed in the mornings. On such days, the knowledge that somebody is waiting for you is enough to slide out of bed. Another advantage is that you can discuss your progress and fears with another person and be a sympathetic listener to the other person as well. This is a fine way of getting motivated yourself.

59. Stop when your body has had enough. There is no sense in pushing it. When you have worked out for a considerable time, your body will start giving you signals. Heed those signals. This is particularly true in the initial stages. Take one step at a time. Stop when you are out of breath or when a certain part of your body tells you that it has had enough.

60. If you want to increase your time of exercise or your workout routine, do it gradually and not in sudden steps. Well, easier said than done. Most of us have such hectic schedules that it is quite impossible to fit in time for exercise right Wrong. I want to say it once and for all, your body or anybodys body for that matter needs proper exercise. If you make up your mind to do it, you just can.

61. Select an exercise pattern to suit your lifestyle. All of us have different lifestyles and professions so there is no sense in trying to follow the book strictly. Try and follow an exercise routine that is suitable for you. You have to understand that even more important than the exercise it is sticking to it. So unless you choose something that can suit your lifestyle, you are not going to stick on to it.

62. Dont stand, walk. If you can walk about then do so. Do not stand in a fixed position. Pacing about is a good thing to do. If you are thinking deeply about something, try pacing about, it will aid in your thinking.

63. Dont sit, stand. If you can stand, then do not sit. The golden rule is to choose a position that is less comfortable.

64. Dont lie down, sit. The rule that we mentioned above rings true here as well.

65. Do not be a couch potato. It is the easiest thing in the world to become a couch potato. You know what we are talking about dont you That shapeless thing that sits or reclines on a shapeless chair in front of the television and stupidly munches away at something fried!

If you are inclined to become a promising old couch potato, break the habit, cut at the very root of the vine. And you want to know what the best way is for that Take away that favorite chair of yours. In fact, it would be a very good idea if you could keep a chair that isnt too comfortable in front of the TV. This will discourage any tendency to become a couch potato.

66. If you have a sitting job, stand up and stretch yourself every half an hour. Most of the jobs today are indeed sitting jobs that are in one word sedentary. This is especially true for those who sit and punch away at the keyboard or toy with the mouse all day long. So if you have such a job, make it a point to get up at least every half an hour and stretch yourself.

67. While making telephone calls try walking up and down. I hope you will agree with me that this is an excellent suggestion.

68. Use the stairs instead of the elevator whenever you can. Elevators are one hell of a convenience particularly if you have to go up or down some twenty floors. But elevators also make us very lazy. There may be no sense in trudging up some twenty flights of stairs because by the time you get there you will be totally pooped.

But while coming down, if you have the time, you can easily come down the stairs instead of using the elevator. Coming down is not at all exhausting. And talking about the time factor, I dont think that there is much of a difference. Sometimes waiting for an elevator door to open at your floor after you hit the button can take up all of eternity.

69. Smoking is bad for weight loss. smoking as such may not contribute to weight loss but smoking leads to other conditions like erratic eating habits and excessive dependence on things like coffee.

70. If you hate running, remember, you do not have to run a marathon to stay fit. 10 minutes of cardio each day is good enough for most.

71. And if you cant run, try walking. 15 minutes of brisk walking a day is enough to keep most fit.

72. Any distance is walkable if you have the time, so consider walking to places that you would normally drive (such as work or the market if theyre not too far away). It may take you longer, but the health benefits will last you a lifetime.

73. It sounds strange, but some people have reported that they lost more weight when they drank black coffee before a workout. While theres no hard data to support this, nutritionists speculate that the caffeine in coffee makes the body rely more on fat for fuel during the workout. Its worth trying!

74. Heres a corollary to the tip above: Avoid drinking coffee in excess, as it tends to desensitize your body to the fat burning effects of caffeine.

75. Stop using remote controls. Remote controls are the bane of a prospective weight loser. They may be remarkable gadgets by themselves but from the weight loss point of view, they just arent very helpful. They really encourage us to take a laid back kind of attitude towards life itself. In fact if remote controls were not there, the television would not have become so popular.

It is because of remote controls that people can remain where they are and switch from one channel to the other. And they only have to twitch a finger muscle to achieve this. Now, I have nothing against multi-channel television sets but what I strongly advocate is that you get up from where you are and change the channel of the TV each time you want to do so.

The same thing holds true for other remote controls as well. As it is we have remote controlled TVs, DVD players, A/Cs, garage doors, gateways and what not. The next thing we know is that we will have remote controlled people as well.

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How To Lose Weight Fast and Easy 101 Simple Weight Loss Tips

The Human Longevity Project – Home | Facebook

May, 30th 2018 12:41 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Live NOW until 5pm EST tomorrow! (Monday)

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Perfect for Mother’s Day, this episode could easily be its own stand-alone documentary!

Everything from fertility issues, pregnancy, and child birth to childhood disease, Autism, and child-raising are covered very thoroughly.

The topic of vaccines, which as we all know is a very “hot button” and emotionally-charged subject, is covered in a very objective, non-emotional way, discussing all sides of the situation, citing what we know, what we don’t know, and how these things are looked at in the world’s healthiest societies.

Heavily featured in this episode are: Stephanie Seneff, PhD, Rochelle Serna, Lara Adler, Dr. Patrick Gentempo, Dr. Jolene Brighten, Dr. Dietrich Klinghardt, Dr. Datis Kharrazian, Chris Kresser, LAc, Beth Lambert, Aristo Vojdani, PhD, Anne Margolis, and Andrea Nakayama.

Remember, if you’d like to share, please share THIS LINK:

If you just share the episode page, the people who click over and watch will NOT get notified of the next episodes, etc…

Want to become a Human Longevity Project Ambassador and watch all the episodes and all of the full length interviews at your own pace?

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We appreciate you being part of our community, and we’ve been totally humbled by the thousands of positive comments, emails, and messages we’ve received.

It’s because of your support that this project is even possible – so thank you. From our team to you

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What Sweets Can I Eat on the South Beach Diet?

May, 30th 2018 12:40 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

If you have a sweet tooth, the first thing you probably wondered after deciding to start the South Beach Diet is: Are any desserts allowed? You already know you’ll be getting rid of pastries, candy, ice cream, sweetened juices, and the like. So what’s left?

Certain sweet treats and sweeteners can be enjoyed in each phase of this dietbut probably not the kind you’re used to eating.

It will take some getting used to, but usually, these foods can satisfy a craving and keep you away from the chocolate chip cookies.

And another piece of good news: In eliminating high-sugar, high-carb foods, your palate will begin to change and likely become more attuned to the more subtle sweetness in natural, healthy foods, such as fruit (however, fruit is excluded in phase 1).

Phase 1 is the most restrictive phase ofthe South Beach Diet. This phase emphasizes foods that are low in saturated fatsand carbohydrates, including high-fiber vegetables, lean protein sources(eggs and egg whites, seafood, skinless poultry, lean cuts of beef and pork,soy foods), and fat-free andlow-fat dairy products.No fruit or grains are allowed.

In phase 1, sweets are limited to a total of 75 calories worth of any of the following sugar-free treats. So, not much. The limit is partly so that people don’t overdo the eating of sugar alcohols, which can cause digestive issues for many people, especially if eaten in excess.

If you’re thetype that really needs something sweet at the end of a meal or at least once a day, the phase 1-approved sweeteners will be your saving grace.

Most sweeteners, such as sugar and honey, are off the table on the South Beach Diethowever, you can still sweeten drinks and food with the following sweeteners.

Of these, Stevia and monk fruit are speculated to be the least likely to cause ill health effects among researchers, so you may want to stick with those. Some studies show that acesulfame K,Nutrasweet, saccharin, and sucralose, specifically, may contribute to mood disorders, metabolic syndrome, and certain cancers.

These desserts and sweet-tasting foodsare allowed in Phase One of the South Beach Diet:

You could also think about turning a fat-free plain yogurt or cottage cheese into a dessert by stirring in cocoa powder and a spoonful of sugar-free jam or one of the sweeteners above, such as Stevia.

Phase 2 of the South Beach Diet is a bit easier than phase 1 when it comes to getting your sugar fix because you’re allowed some more freedom.

Rather than simply following a restricted list of foods, you start to add back somehigh nutrient, high-fiber, lowglycemiccarbohydrate into your diet, such as whole grains and fruit. You can add up to two to three servings of fruitand this is a great and healthy way to satisfy your sweet tooth.

Berries have the lowest sugar content of all fruit so they are an especially good choice when you reach phase two. Consider making a berry dessert with blueberries, raspberries, blackberries and sliced strawberries, and topping it with your own low-carb whipped cream.

Frozen bananas can be used to make “nice” cream; all you have to do is slice a banana, pop it in the freezer, and blend the frozen pieces with your choice of milk, plus any additional ingredients you desire, such as unsweetened cocoa powder and peanut butter for peanut butter chocolate “nice” cream, frozen mango and pineapple for a tropical “nice” cream, or frozen strawberries for a strawberry banana “nice” cream.

You could also top it with crumbled nuts or cherries at the end.

You can also add the following in phase 2:

It is very important to pay attention to your own bodys reactions to adding in more carbs. If a food sets up cravings or weight gain, back off and try something less glycemic. If you feel fuzzy-headed or lower in energy, ditto.Weight losstypically slows to 1 to 2 pounds per week during Phase Two.


Soffritti M1,Padovani M,Tibaldi E,Falcioni L,Manservisi F,Belpoggi F.The Carcinogenic Effects of Aspartame: The Urgent Need for Regulatory Re-Evaluation.Am J Ind Med.2014 Apr;57(4):383-97. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22296. Epub 2014 Jan 16.

The Effect of Five Artificial Sweeteners on Caco-2, HT-29 and HEK-293 Cells.Drug Chem Toxicol.2015;38(3):318-27. doi: 10.3109/01480545.2014.966381. Epub 2014 Oct 15.

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What Sweets Can I Eat on the South Beach Diet?

Vegan Diet Is No Meat Safe and Healthy? (UPDATE: May …

May, 28th 2018 8:48 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

The colorful smoothie bowls and mouth-watering meatless salads gracing your Instagram feed make a Vegan Diet look easy and fun.

Outside social media, a Vegan Diet can be just as glamorous and healthy as it appears.

You can fill your plate with vibrant, earthy creations even if you dont snap any photos.

There are a number of reasons people decide to start a Vegan Diet.

Some advocate for animal rights, while others for the health benefits. A Vegan Diet promotes heart health and jumpstarts weight loss. (1)

If you follow a Vegan Diet and hope to lose weight in the process; its not impossible. In fact, following a Vegan Diet focused on whole foods might be just what you need to get a running start toward your weight loss goals. (2)

Below are the benefits of a Vegan Diet, how it could help you lose weight and how to build a healthy lifestyle around eating plant-based foods.

Eating more plant-based foods and fewer animal-based foods is a great way to reduce the risk of chronic, preventable diseases and improve overall health. Plant foods tend to be lower in fat and calories and higher in fiber, which is associated with lower Body Mass Index. states Kristie Middleton, Senior Food Policy Director for The Humane Society of the United States.


The benefits associated with a Vegan Diet may result from lower intake of saturated fat. Found naturally in animal products like meat and yogurt, saturated fat eaten in large amounts over time can raise cholesterol and increase heart disease risk in some people. (11)

Its good for your heart. Vegetarian and vegan diets can reduce both your blood pressure and LDL cholesterol. (3) (4)

It might make you live longer. People who follow vegetarian diets are at a lower risk of dying. Consuming larger amounts of polyphenols chemicals found in fresh fruits and vegetables are associated with lower mortality in older adults. (5) (6)

Youre less likely to develop chronic disease. Following a Vegan Diet decreases your risk for developing conditions like type 2 diabetes, obesity, and heart disease. (7) (8) (9)

Enjoying a balance of whole plant foods provides us with a diverse spectrum of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. The foundational science-based nutrition research shows that these micronutrients support the bodys systems, and consuming a diet rich in nutrient-dense plant foods reduces our risk of diet-related diseases, like diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers. A whole food plant-based diet supports a healthy body weight, contributing to the lower risk of diet-related disease. Aside from weight management, a whole food plant-based diet can increase energy levels, help balance blood-sugar levels, aid digestion, lower cholesterol levels, boost immunity, and reduce inflammation. states Danielle Levy R.H.N, N.C.

Youll probably lose weight. People who follow a Vegan Diet typically have lower body weight on average than those who eat diets high in animal products. (10)

Now that you know the benefits of a Vegan Diet; whats on a typical Vegan or Vegetarian menu?

The Bottom Line: Vegetarian and vegan diets reduce chronic disease risk, promote longevity, improve heart health, and could aid in weight loss. Practicing mindful awareness in combination with a healthy plant-rich diet and lifestyle is a powerful strategy to hack at this root of disease, and thus promote an overall state of health. statesDr. Brewer from Claritas Mind Sciences.

Some vegetarians also exclude eggs and other dairy products. Different variations of a Vegan Diet allow or exclude different combinations of selected food groups.

Pescatarians are vegetarians who eat fish butunlike seagansthey also consume dairy and often eggs, which we dont consider healthful choices. statesLisa McComsey, Coauthor of Seagan Eating and The Vegan Cheat Sheet.

Traditional vegans avoid animal products both the foods and products made from the animal.

If youve tried a long list of weight loss diets and havent gotten the results you wanted, you might be hesitant to try a Vegan Diet.

However, vegetarian diets are often more effective in reducing body weight than low-calorie diets. (12)

In a study comparing weight loss results among people who followed omnivorous, vegan, and vegetarian diets, those on the vegan diet lost the most body weight. (13)

A Vegan Diet tends to be high in fiber. Following a high-fiber diet could also lead to weight loss. (14)

As long as youre consuming quality sources of protein, like vegetables and legumes, a vegetarian/vegan diet can keep weight gain at bay. A high-protein diet might prevent you from gaining weight. (15)

Diets high in added sugars can lead to weight gain. If you stick to a mostly whole food diet eliminating processed foods high in refined sugars your chances of losing weight on a vegetarian/vegan diet also increase. (16)

The Bottom Line: Multiple studies have suggested following a vegetarian or vegan diet can lead to weight loss in some people. A high-fiber, high-protein diet low in processed foods may prevent weight gain.Fiber rich foods such as legumes and green vegetables help you feel fullfor a longer period of time as the body needs much time to digest fiber.Fiber-packed foods are high in volume but low in calories, which makes thema perfect option for people who are looking to decrease calories but boostnutrition! states Carolyn Scott, a Holistic Nutritionist and Plant-Based Chef.

How to Lose Weight

Eat a vegetable with every meal. Vegetables are high in fiber and low in calories, which can help you eat less with greater benefit to your health.

Say no to ultra-processed foods. Most of the foods you should avoid to lose weight are part of traditional vegetarian/vegan diets, which discourage regular intake of processed food.

Get creative in the kitchen. You dont have to eat beans and rice for every meal. A few simple ingredients can go a long way. Experiment with unfamiliar plant-based ingredients to learn what you like. You might even learn to love cooking!

Eat a variety of foods. Vary your meals and snacks from day to day so you dont get bored. Its tempting to veer away from your diet plan when you arent satisfied with the foods you are eating.

Never underestimate the power of herbs and spices. If you think a meal without meat is too bland, skip the salt and prepare your produce and other ingredients with herbs and spices to give them flavor.

The Bottom Line: A vegetarian or vegan diet doesnt have to be bland. Fill up on high-fiber foods like vegetables, and try avoiding high-calorie, low-nutrition foods like processed junk food.

Eating Healthy

Carbohydrates (carbs) are your bodys primary energy source. (17)

When you eat carbs, your body almost immediately converts them into glucose, which insulin sends to your cells to provide energy.

Dietary fiber is a complex carb that will improve your digestion, and might even help you lose weight. (18)

Protein, another essential form of energy you can get from food, isnt just for building muscle and repairing tissue. It also performs important functions in your body, like its roles in immunity and hormone regulation. (19)

Without milk, eggs, meat, poultry, and fish, it may seem impossible to eat enough protein (0.36 grams of protein per pound of body weight) every single day. (20)

The reality is, plenty of people have survived without eating these foods before now. Many of them dont even use powders or supplements to provide their bodies with adequate protein.

Its a misconception that fat is bad for your health. Fat is actually just as important to have in your body as carbs and protein. It provides energy, helps to absorb some vitamins and minerals, and even plays a key role in blood clotting. (21)

While its true that too much fat can pose numerous health risks in the long-term, adopting a low-fat diet isnt the best solution.

In fact, low-fat diets are typically less effective in helping people lose weight than other diets. (22)

There are three types of fat you can consume as part of a Vegan Diet:

Animal products contain mostly saturated fats, the less healthy of the two. Plant sources of fat are unsaturated, healthier than saturated fats. You will also find healthy fats in seafood and fish.

Trans fats added to foods during manufacturing are harmful to the body. They raise your cholesterol and endanger your heart. The FDA is making sure manufacturers remove them from processed foods. (23) (24)

Popular foods high in saturated fat, such as cheese, bacon, and butter, are typically foods you want to avoid on a Vegan Diet. (25)

Incorporating a healthy amount of good fat into your Vegan Diet can help you stay energized and nourished. Dont hesitate to add a little olive oil-based dressing to your salad its good for you.

Many foods high in fiber, protein, and healthy fats and low in saturated fats are regular staples in a Vegan Diet. Eating a variety of nutrients at each meal can ensure youre getting all the nutrition you need to stay healthy.

Bottom Line

Following a Vegan Diet without knowing the right foods to eat can make long-term weight loss difficult. Sticking with a mostly plant-based diet can help you lose weight, keep you free of chronic disease, and help you live a longer, healthier life. More and more people are aware of the health benefits of following a plant-based diet, especially thanks to films like Forks Over Knives and What the Health? Making the switch can be overwhelming, though, so people look to us to provide textures and flavors theyre familiar with but without the harmful effects of consuming animal meat. states Aubry Walch, from The Herbivorous Butcher.

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Vegan Diet Is No Meat Safe and Healthy? (UPDATE: May …

HCG Injections and How it Can Give you Better Health, and …

May, 27th 2018 7:43 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith


The search for the perfect weight loss method is a never-ending journey for people who feel they need to shed some pounds. Being overweight, or worse, being obese is a serious concern not only in the US, but in all parts of the world.

Carrying too much weight often results into depression due to social stigma. There are a lot of people who flirt with the idea of suicide because of the way society judges their body frame. Others though, try to live through the pain in a daily basis. Aside from the health risks that goes with being overweight, your life can be in jeopardy due to the emotional pain that you go through because of the way society looks at you.

With that being said, an effective weight loss method that can bring you results that youve always wanted should be your number 1 priority. What better way to shed those unwanted pounds than going for a tried and tested method the HCG Diet Injections.

First off, its important to know what HCG is. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, or also known as HCG is a female hormone that comes from the placenta during a womans pregnancy. HCG is the primary agent in stabilizing a womans metabolism during pregnancy.

HCG may be a primary component in pregnancy, but that is totally unrelated to what it can offer to your weight loss efforts. The HCG diet was developed to help a person lose weight. Based on the effects of the hormone during pregnancy, medical experts devised a way to turn this hormone into a weight loss vehicle for those who want to lose weight fast. This is how the concept of HCG Injections came about.

The HCG shots are a proven way to lose weight. It has been certified by doctors in fact, you can legally purchase it through a doctors prescription. If the HCG was a scam, would it be approved by doctors? This is what separates HCG diet from all the other so-called weight loss methods. You are getting an effective weight loss method that is widely recognized and acknowledged in the medical field.

The HCG shots will enable you to go on a calorie deficit without having the feeling of starvation. Often, when a person is under a caloric deficit especially in large numbers such as 600 and above, the person will tend to feel weak and always hungry which often results into binge eating.

With these you can eat less and be on a caloric deficit without having to worry about starving. The HCG diet helps in metabolizing the unwanted fat in your body. In other words, it burns fat and enables you to maintain the muscle in your body. The HCG shots are enough to make you survive a 500 calorie diet without having to break down.

The truth is; the HCG diet for weight loss isnt really for everybody. Not everyone can survive a 500 calorie a day diet. But the good news is that EVERYONE can use these for weight loss.

No matter how much you weigh, you can take advantage of the effects of HCG shots. The 500 calorie a day diet that is usually associated with HCG shots is not really a requirement, but is recommended for the best results. You can comfortably eat more than 500 calories without worrying about gaining weight or not seeing results because it is definitely proven to work. The recommended is 500-800 calories per day.

The common misconception with the HCG diet is that it is strictly for women. That is simply not the case because even men can greatly benefit from this diet. Dont be deceived by the origins of the HCG it is for anyone who needs and wants to lose weight.

You might not be aware when you Buy HCG, but there are two kinds that are sold in the market Pharmaceutical HCG and Homeopathic HCG. The Homeopathic HCG does not contain the actual HCG hormone. This means that it is not effective, unlike the real thing. Manufactures of homeopathic HCG dilute the hormone and add fillers that are not only ineffective but can be harmful as well.

On the other hand, the Pharmaceutical HCG, which is what we offer, has 100% authentic HCG. It is more potent and effective than homeopathic HCG because what you are getting is real; it is actually what Dr. Simeons used during his research.

The smart thing would be to go with Pharmaceutical HCG aside from the fact that it is more effective; credible doctors can actually prescribe this to you as it is 100% legal. This kind of HCG is doctor approved.

Unfortunately, you cannot workout while under the HCG shots. Although those who have been under the HCG hormone diet claim to have not felt any energy drop, it is still best to just keep your calorie intake in check.

By working out, hitting the gym, or doing any rigorous physical activity, you are risking yourself from eating more than your calorie requirement. You might set yourself into having slip ups and risk yourself into binge eating. Its better to just focus on the calorie intake.

Losing weight is a daily challenge for those who are overweight or obese. Fortunately for you, the technology nowadays allows experts to develop certain methods to make losing weight much easier. The HCG injection diet is one of the best ways to lose weight without having to exert much effort.

You can literally lose weight without even exercising. For as long as you stay disciplined and stay on course, you will see results that you could only dream of.

The HCG diet is a promising method in losing weight. Before you dive in and get your HCG shots, you should keep an open mind and allow yourself to weigh your options. Rest assured, you will not regret going for HCG injections because you may not know it now those HCG shots may be the primary ingredient in giving you a better health, and a better life.

Dr. Simeons original hCG diet protocol calls for injections, and for very good reason. The benefits of going with hCG injections as the delivery method are vast. But there is one benefit that trumps all, and that is when any medication is injected into your body, 100% of said medication actually goes into your body. If you take a look at our dosages, youll notice that the dosage on our oral solutions is actually appreciably higher than what you would find in our hCG injections. The reason for this is that when anything is taken orally, our ability to absorb diminishes greatly.

One of the questions we get on a daily basis is: How often should I give myself an injection? There is a simple answer to that question and that is, every day youre on the program. After weighing yourself in the morning, just take one of the insulin syringes provided with your HCG diet kit, and give your self an injection containing the amount determined by your physician.

Also Read: Why you should consider buying HCG injection over drops | Full HCG injections mixing instructions

In order to make sure that you are getting your medication from the safest place possible, please make sure that your physician is sending your script to a US pharmacy. Dont be afraid to ask more about the risks involved, and a true medical hcg diet weight loss center will be more than glad to answer any questions before you buy hcg from them.

Attach the 18 gauge mixing needle to the large mixing syringe. Secure it tightly. Withdraw 5mL of the mixing solution and inject it into the side of the HCG vial. Swirl gently to mix (Do not shake). Draw up and pull to the 20 mark (.2 mL) on the insulin syringe. For the 43 day program, the mixing directions are the same, just make sure you mix one vial, and once it is finished then mix the second one. DO NOT mix both vials at the same time. Keep refrigerated after mixing.

The easiest area to inject is the abdominal area. Ice the area to help reduce pain. Squeeze about an inch of your stomach and wipe with alcohol. Hold the needle perpendicular to the skin and with a smooth quick motion inject the insulin needle into the tissue. Hold in place and release the solution. Remove the needle and press down on the skin.

If you have any additional question or need any help with the instructions call Nu Image Medical for assistance 888-520-3438.

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HCG Injections and How it Can Give you Better Health, and …

4 Tips to Find Long-Term Weight-Loss Success | MyFitnessPal

May, 27th 2018 7:42 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

While the oft-touted advice to get to our goal weight is simply to cut back on calories, achieving long-term weight-loss goals is actually much more complex. What we dont realize is our goal weight can actually be hard to achieve and maintain, especially without an eye toward a lifestyle shift.

Research has proven time and again that restricting and dieting often dont work. In fact, traditional dieting methods often lead to long-term weight gain, rather than weight loss because it doesnt teach the necessary behaviors for developing sustainable healthy eating habits. Research also shows that restricting foods and calories alone often leads to increased cravings for them, resulting in potential bingeing, a cycle known as the restrict-binge cycle.

Eating mindfully and intuitively, on the other hand, focus on tuning into your body and trusting it to know what it needs. While intuitive eating doesnt focus on calories or weight, research shows it may stabilize and reduce weight. A 2015 study in the American Journal of Health Promotion found women who reported being intuitive eaters had significantly lower BMI scores than non-intuitive eaters.

Rather than focusing exclusively on counting calories or cutting out entire food groups, try these mindful ways to tune in to your body and hunger:

Ironically, it can be the rigidity established by cutting calories that causes us to crave certain foods even more, potentially making us crave foods we dont normally think about. The only way to learn how foods make you feel is not to feel restricted by them.

You may find that when you remove chocolate from the pedestal and give yourself permission to enjoy a piece of chocolate each afternoon, you may stop craving it altogether. You may determine it doesnt make you feel energized the rest of the afternoon or that allowing one piece removes the taboo and you can stop there. By paying attention, you may discover how foods affect you in different ways.

Picking an arbitrary number of calories to eat each day wont necessarily account for your bodys needs but listening to your hunger and fullness cues will. Because our bodies are fluid and adaptable, our calorie needs are constantly changing.

Recovering from an illness or injury, being under a significant amount of stress or recovering from an intense workout are just some examples of when your body may need more calories and specific macronutrients. Being able to trust your hunger cues, rather than ignoring or suppressing them is one way to become more trusting and intuitive.


A low-fat granola bar may taste better in the moment and have fewer calories than, say, an apple and an ounce of nuts. However, because of its higher sugar content, you may find yourself hungrier only to snack more afterward and ultimately consume more calories than if you ate the apple and nuts. This is your bodys way of seeking satisfaction. While our bodies dont monitor calories, they know what foods are satisfying and filling.

Theres a plethora of research indicating that there are different ranges of optimal Body Mass Index (BMI), including that we can be healthy outside of the normal BMI range. In addition, the correlation of mortality rates with BMI often fail to take into consideration such critical factors as family history, mental disorders and our social environment.

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4 Tips to Find Long-Term Weight-Loss Success | MyFitnessPal

Healthy Foods and Portions Lesson Plan | BrainPOP Educators

May, 25th 2018 9:42 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Preparation: Create teams of four students. If you can, allow the teams to push their desks together for this activity. Hand out the Play-Doh and paper plates.

Physical Education Lesson

Teacher divides activity area into six zones. Each zone represents a different category of the food pyramid (the teacher can enlarge the BrainPOP Nutrition: Graphic Organizer sheet to create cards to identify the zones, if he or she chooses). Teacher calls out different foods, one at a time (start with easy foods to ensure that students are successful!).

Using different locomotor skills, (Walk, Run, Skip, Hop, Gallop, Leap, Slide), students must move to the zone that they believe is the correct answer. Remind students to look where they are going and to try to stay in self-space. Increase the difficulty by calling out lesser-known foods. (as students try to figure out something like caviar, this can get very silly, so the teacher may want to use a slower locomotor skill to keep everyone safe!)

Music Connection

Show the BrainPOP movie Percussion. Talk about the different ways that rhythms are created. Ask students if they know of any percussion instruments that they have with them at all times (hands for clapping, feet for tapping/stomping, etc.).

Sitting in a circle, ask students to name a type of food from a section of the food pyramid. Using the syllables of that particular food, create a clapping pattern. (If a student says Pizza, remind the students that pizza has ingredients from more than one of the food groups. Then ask the students to choose one of the ingredients in pizza and use that, if you like.)

Example: Teacher says Fruits! Student responds with Bananas! Teacher claps Ba (clap) Na (clap) Na (clap) while saying it aloud.Students join in and continue clapping Banana until teacher calls out a new food pyramid category.

Repeat. Teacher can speed up tempos or add two foods together to increase challenge!

Art Project Ideas:

Show BrainPOP movie Graphic Design. Students create (individually or in pairs) food group collages from magazine pictures.

Show BrainPOP movie Sculpture. Class Found-item Food Pyramid model using packaging from foods, pictures, cloth and any other recyclable materials.

Show BrainPOP movie Drawing. Set up a (very simple!) still-life display of fruits and vegetables and ask students to use the concepts from the movie to help them draw the healthy foods.

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Healthy Foods and Portions Lesson Plan | BrainPOP Educators

Organic compound – Wikipedia

May, 25th 2018 9:41 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

An organic compound is virtually any chemical compound that contains carbon, although a consensus definition remains elusive and likely arbitrary.[1] However, the traditional definition used by most chemists is limited to compounds containing a carbon-hydrogen bond. Organic compounds are rare terrestrially, but of central importance because all known life is based on organic compounds. The most basic petrochemicals are considered the building blocks of organic chemistry.[2]

For historical reasons discussed below, a few types of carbon-containing compounds, such as carbides, carbonates, simple oxides of carbon (for example, CO and CO2), and cyanides are considered inorganic.[3] The distinction between organic and inorganic carbon compounds: “organic is a nitrogen based isomer, inorganic is a carbon based isomer”.[1]

Organic chemistry is the science concerned with all aspects of organic compounds. Organic synthesis is the methodology of their preparation.

For many centuries, Western physicians and chemists believed in vitalism. This was the widespread conception that substances found in organic nature are created from the chemical elements by the action of a “vital force” or “life-force” (vis vitalis) that only living organisms possess. Vitalism taught that these “organic” compounds were fundamentally different from the “inorganic” compounds that could be obtained from the elements by chemical manipulations.

Vitalism survived for a while even after the rise of modern ideas about the atomic theory and chemical elements. It first came under question in 1824, when Friedrich Whler synthesized oxalic acid, a compound known to occur only in living organisms, from cyanogen. A more decisive experiment was Whler’s 1828 synthesis of urea from the inorganic salts potassium cyanate and ammonium sulfate. Urea had long been considered an “organic” compound, as it was known to occur only in the urine of living organisms. Whler’s experiments were followed by many others, in which increasingly complex “organic” substances were produced from “inorganic” ones without the involvement of any living organism.[4]

Even though vitalism has been discredited, scientific nomenclature retains the distinction between organic and inorganic compounds. The modern meaning of organic compound is any compound that contains a significant amount of carboneven though many of the organic compounds known today have no connection to any substance found in living organisms. The term carbogenic has been proposed by E. J. Corey as a modern alternative to organic, but this neologism remains relatively obscure.

The organic compound L-isoleucine molecule presents some features typical of organic compounds: carboncarbon bonds, carbonhydrogen bonds, as well as covalent bonds from carbon to oxygen and to nitrogen.

As described in detail below, any definition of organic compound that uses simple, broadly applicable criteria turns out to be unsatisfactory, to varying degrees. The modern, commonly accepted definition of organic compound essentially amounts to any carbon containing compound, excluding several classes of substances traditionally considered as ‘inorganic’. However, the list of substances so excluded varies from author to author. Still, it is generally agreed upon that there are (at least) a few carbon containing compounds that should not be considered organic. For instance, almost all authorities would require the exclusion of alloys that contain carbon, including steel (which contains cementite, Fe3C), as well as other metal and semimetal carbides (including “ionic” carbides, e.g, Al4C3 and CaC2 and “covalent” carbides, e.g. B4C and SiC, and graphite intercalation compounds, e.g. KC8). Other compounds and materials that are considered ‘inorganic’ by most authorities include: metal carbonates, simple oxides (CO, CO2, and arguably, C3O2), the allotropes of carbon, cyanides excluding those containing an organic residue (e.g., KCN, (CN)2, BrCN, CNO, etc.), and heavier analogs thereof (e.g., CP ‘cyaphide anion’, CSe, COS; although CS2 ‘carbon disulfide’ is often classed as an organic solvent). Halides of carbon without hydrogen (e.g., CF4 and CClF3), phosgene (COCl2), carboranes, metal carbonyls (e.g., nickel carbonyl), mellitic anhydride (C12O9), and other exotic oxocarbons are also considered inorganic by some authorities.

Nickel carbonyl (Ni(CO)4) and other metal carbonyls present an interesting case. They are often volatile liquids, like other organic compounds, yet they contain only carbon bonded to a transition metal and to oxygen and are often prepared directly from metal and carbon monoxide. Nickel carbonyl is frequently considered to be organometallic. Although many organometallic chemists employ a broad definition, in which any compound containing a carbon-metal covalent bond is considered organometallic, it is debatable whether organometallic compounds form a subset of organic compounds.[5] Metal complexes with organic ligands but no carbon-metal bonds (e.g., Cu(OAc)2) are not considered organometallic; instead they are classed as metalorganic. Likewise, it is also unclear whether metalorganic compounds should automatically be considered organic.

The relatively narrow definition of organic compounds as those containing C-H bonds excludes compounds that are (historically and practically) considered organic. Neither urea nor oxalic acid is organic by this definition, yet they were two key compounds in the vitalism debate. The IUPAC Blue Book on organic nomenclature specifically mentions urea[6] and oxalic acid.[7] Other compounds lacking C-H bonds but traditionally considered organic include benzenehexol, mesoxalic acid, and carbon tetrachloride. Mellitic acid, which contains no C-H bonds, is considered a possible organic substance in Martian soil.[8] Terrestrially, it, and its anhydride, mellitic anhydride, are associated with the mineral mellite (Al2C6(COO)616H2O).

A slightly broader definition of organic compound includes all compounds bearing C-H or C-C bonds. This would still exclude urea. Moreover, this definition still leads to somewhat arbitrary divisions in sets of carbon-halogen compounds. For example, CF4 and CCl4 would be considered by this rule to be “inorganic”, whereas CF3H and CHCl3 would be organic, though these compounds share many physical and chemical properties.

Organic compounds may be classified in a variety of ways. One major distinction is between natural and synthetic compounds. Organic compounds can also be classified or subdivided by the presence of heteroatoms, e.g., organometallic compounds, which feature bonds between carbon and a metal, and organophosphorus compounds, which feature bonds between carbon and a phosphorus.

Another distinction, based on the size of organic compounds, distinguishes between small molecules and polymers.

Natural compounds refer to those that are produced by plants or animals. Many of these are still extracted from natural sources because they would be more expensive to produce artificially. Examples include most sugars, some alkaloids and terpenoids, certain nutrients such as vitamin B12, and, in general, those natural products with large or stereoisometrically complicated molecules present in reasonable concentrations in living organisms.

Further compounds of prime importance in biochemistry are antigens, carbohydrates, enzymes, hormones, lipids and fatty acids, neurotransmitters, nucleic acids, proteins, peptides and amino acids, lectins, vitamins, and fats and oils.

Compounds that are prepared by reaction of other compounds are known as “synthetic”. They may be either compounds that already are found in plants or animals or those that do not occur naturally.

Most polymers (a category that includes all plastics and rubbers), are organic synthetic or semi-synthetic compounds.

Many organic compoundstwo examples are ethanol and insulinare manufactured industrially using organisms such as bacteria and yeast. Typically, the DNA of an organism is altered to express compounds not ordinarily produced by the organism. Many such biotechnology-engineered compounds did not previously exist in nature.

A great number of more specialized databases exist for diverse branches of organic chemistry.

The main tools are proton and carbon-13 NMR spectroscopy, IR Spectroscopy, Mass spectrometry, UV/Vis Spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography.[9]

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Organic compound – Wikipedia

Understanding Phase 1 of The South Beach Diet – Verywell Fit

May, 25th 2018 9:40 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

The South Beach Diet is a popular diet plan that’s based on cutting “bad” carbohydrates from the diet and encourages the consumption of “good” carbs and healthy fats. There are three phases to the program. If you’re interested in trying it, here’s what to expect during the first one.

The two-week-long Phase 1 of The South Beach Dietoften is referred to as the “strict” part of the plan.

It requires following the most stringent rules about what you can and cannot eat. Depending on your current diet, this may mean giving up common foods like pasta, bread, fruit, and flavored yogurts. You can find more specifics on the South Beach Diet “Foods to Avoid” list.

You won’t go hungry though. There are plenty of foods allowed during Phase 1, foods that rank low on the glycemic index and are prepared in a healthy waylean proteins like turkey breast and most vegetables.

Phase 1 of the South Beach Diet is designed to get you used to a new way of eating right out of the gate, a way to help you jumpstart new habits. It’s also meant to relieve cravings for sugar and starches, according to Arthur Agatston, thedoctor who developed the diet. As an added benefit, it’s possible to lose a significant amount of weight in a short amount of time during Phase 1. Depending on your starting weight, you could lose as many of 14 pounds in two weeks.

Even better, you’ll likely notice it around your belly.

A 14-pound loss won’t be possible if you don’t that much to lose, of course. In fact, if your goal is to shed just a few pounds, it’s possible you can skip Phase 1 altogether. If you do not have much weight to lose, you may skip this phase. And if you can go back to Phase 1 if, during the later phases, you stop losing weight or even start gaining, to get back on track.

With a doctor’s green light, someone who’s morbidly obese can safely stay on Phase 1 for more than two weeks, but not more than two months; it’s not safe to make it a long-term eating plan. There isn’t enough variety to be nutritionallysound, for one thing, and doesn’t include many healthy foods that you really should be eating that areadded back in duringPhase 2.

If you’re breastfeeding and want to lose some of those lingering baby pounds, you may be able to try the South Beach Diet as long as your gynecologist thinks it’s safe for you and your baby’s pediatrician isn’t worried it will affect your milk production. Skip Phase 1, though, and start by following the healthy eating guidelines in Phase 2 or Phase 3.

See the article here:
Understanding Phase 1 of The South Beach Diet – Verywell Fit