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Weight Management Center | Wake Forest Baptist Health

Nov, 10th 2018 2:46 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Obesity is about more than extra pounds. It’s a complex medical problem that requires a serious treatment plan.

The Wake Forest Baptist Health Weight Management Center, a service of NC Baptist Hospital, is among a handful of weight loss clinics nationwide to offer comprehensive medical weight loss and surgical weight loss programs in one location.

Facilities in Winston-Salem and Greensboro allow patients to make the most informed decision when choosing a weight loss option, and engage a dedicated team of dietitians, fitness specialists, health behaviorists and doctors for optimal success.

Our weight loss surgery program has been recognized as an accredited Surgery Center of Excellence by the American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Our bariatric surgeons are some of the most highly regarded in the field and perform the following surgeries:

We also offer Medical Weight Management, which includes two tailored programs that help patients make key lifestyle changes that lead to weight loss and improved overall health. These program options include:

If you need to lose weight, you know there is no easy, one-size-fits-all approach to successful weight loss. That’s because everyone struggles with weight for different reasons.

At the Weight Management Center, we start with people, not pre-written diet and exercise plans. Whether you choose weight loss surgery or our medical weight management program, our expert team of bariatric surgeons and weight loss specialists tailor the programs to your needs with customized nutrition plans, exercise development and counseling.

Your weight management team is available for lifelong support.

The Weight Management Center offers full-service weight loss clinics that prioritizes our patients’ experience and convenience. Getting the help and support you need should not add to your struggle. We make it easy. Our weight loss clinics offer:

Every member of our team has experience and special training in the clinical management of obesity. From our bariatric surgeons and nurses to our weight loss specialists, nutritionists and therapists, every staff member has an important role to create personalized treatment plans and deliver compassionate care.

Our weight loss specialists are led by Dr. Jamy Ard with our Medical Weight Management program and Dr. Fuzz Fernandez, a bariatric surgeon, from our Weight Loss Surgery program.

Weight Management Center | Wake Forest Baptist Health

Fit For Performance Powered by P3 (Performance Triad …

Nov, 10th 2018 2:46 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Forinformation, or to make an appointment, please call Clinical Nutrition Servicesat your local Medical Treatment Facility.




Ft. Leavenworth, KS – Munson AHC



*Adult Army beneficiaries interested in FFP may contact the local Nutrition Care Division for space availability and potential participation.

Through a series of sessions, Soldiers will receive group and/or individual counseling.Fit For Performance concentrates on 4 key areas that are essential forlong-term weight loss success and these include: sleep, activity, nutrition, and mindfulness.

Soldiers remaining onFit For Performancecan expect a holistic approach to weight counseling with tips on meal planning, mindful eating, performance nutrition and the psychology of weight loss.

Upon completion of the mandatory nutrition counseling class (Session 1), a Soldier can choose to continue with Fit For Performance (the recommended best practice approach for optimum weight loss success) or select from other weight loss options as outlined in AR 600-9 and TG 358.

TG 358 Army Weight Management Guide (APHC)

Being a Soldier means being physically able and healthy enough to perform your duties. TG 358 is designed to help Soldiers meet the Army body composition standardsper AR 600-9.The Army Body Composition Program (ABCP)states that as part of the Soldier Action Plan, a Soldier is requiredto read the TG 358 and “meet wtih a dietitian or health care provider within 30 days of enrollment in the ABCP.”

The current version of AR 600-9 states:

“As a part of the Soldier Action Plan, Soldiers mustcomplete the Army MOVE!23 interactive questionnaire(, review the survey results, and record their retrieval code. Theretrieval code is to be recorded in the event the Soldiers choose to review theresults with a dietitian or health care provider during a nutrition counselingappointment.”

However, the Army MOVE!23 questionnaire is no longerbeing utilized and has not been replaced.A revision to AR 600-9 will be published soon and will not include thatrequirement. The retrieval code is notneeded to provide to the dietitian as the regulation now states.

Government Resources Weight Management

Provides up-to-date, science-based information on weight control, obesity, physical activity, and related nutritional issues; includes a section on commonly asked questions concerning weight management.

USDASuper Tracker Provides information for adults on how to personalize a daily food and activity plan to help you lose weight. Helps you analyze what you eat and create healthy plates which includes incorporating a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables to your meals and snacks.

CDCOverweight and Obesity Statistics

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides data and statistics on Adult and Childhood obesity and U.S. obesity trends;also provides information on various surveillance systems.


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Fit For Performance Powered by P3 (Performance Triad …

Weight Management – The Group

Nov, 10th 2018 2:46 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Weight Management at The Group is designed to help you become the healthiest version of yourself.

Together, our team of professionals address behavioral issues, the nutritional aspects of weight management, and your activity and exercise habits. We individualize your plan for you, establishing smart goals, emphasizing baby steps, and motivating our patients to move forward!

Weight Management at The Group is the most comprehensive program you can join, and wed love to tell you more about it. Join us every Wednesday at 5:30 p.m. You can sit in on our support group session, interact with people in the program, and get free educational information. If you like what you hear, you can schedule a private consultation with our team to get started!

During our informational session, we will explain next steps to get started including telling you more about our formal consultation* process.

Cant make our Wednesday night support group and information session?

You can still schedule a private consultation* and well give you all the information you need and begin pre-screening.

Opening may vary by team member.

*Consultations are billed to your insurance. Coverage may vary by insurance provider.

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Weight Management – The Group

Weight Management – Avera Health

Nov, 10th 2018 2:46 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Take charge of your well-being by turning to Avera for the full spectrum of weight management services. Youll get medical care and professional guidance that help you reduce your risk of chronic diseases, enhance your energy level, feel more confident and regain your life by losing weight.

Lose weight safely with supervision and support from Averas expert physicians and staff. In our holistic, comprehensive approach to weight management, youll better appreciate the underlying issues affecting your weight and learn about the weight management path that serves you best.

Work with our encouraging care team to develop a personalized eating and exercise program that may include weight-loss medications. Ideal Living, Averas science-based weight-loss program, offers Ideal Protein products and weekly coaching that helps you learn to make wise food choices, stick with your plan and change your life for the better.

If you need to lose 30 to 50 pounds, consider one of our sophisticated non-surgical weight loss procedures. You’ll feel full faster and absorb fewer calories without surgery or incision when you take advantage of our endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) or ORBERA Intragastric Balloon procedure. View a free, online seminar to learn more about ORBERA.

When youre considering weight-loss surgery, you want to learn as much as possible in order to make an informed decision. Start by either attending a seminar or watching Averas online bariatric webinar and read our free bariatric surgery success guide.

If weight-loss surgery is your best option, choose one of Averas advanced, minimally invasive procedures that provide the tool you need to aid weight loss. Your doctor may recommend a treatment such as:

No matter where you live in Averas five-state Upper Midwest region, you enjoy access to top-quality weight-loss surgery services that can help you reach your goals.

Youll find expert bariatric surgeons and extensive support services centralized at Avera McKennan Hospital & University Health Center, which holds accreditation from the American College of Surgeons as a Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) AccreditedComprehensive Center. This designation means you benefit from:

Improve your odds of weight-loss success by getting support from a variety of Averas health care experts as you make important lifestyle changes. Take advantage of services such as:

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Weight Management – Avera Health

Weight Management Program | NYU Langone Health

Nov, 10th 2018 2:46 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

NYU Langones Weight Management Program is one of the most highly regarded centers of its kind. Our experts, who are among the most experienced in the field, believe that by offering medical and surgical weight loss optionsincluding gastric sleeve, LAP-BAND, gastric balloon, and gastric bypassunder one roof, we can best meet the needs of our patients.

We are accredited by the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) as a comprehensive center providing high-quality, patient-centered care for adolescents and adults.

VIDEO: Dr. Christine Ren-Fielding discusses the benefits of bariatric surgery.

The need to lose weight is not simply cosmetic but can be lifesaving as well. Being severely overweight, which is referred to as being morbidly obese, is associated with a variety of health problems, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol levels, breathing problems, gastroesophageal reflux disease, degenerative arthritis, skin infections, infertility in women, and even cancer.

The expertise of our surgeons in performing weight loss surgery makes them among the best in the world. They have extensive training in minimally invasive laparoscopic bariatric surgeries for weight loss and are supported by a team of anesthesiologists, operating room staff, and nurses who are specially trained in caring for people who are overweight or morbidly obese.

The safety of bariatric surgery varies considerably, depending on your personal health and medical history, the type of procedure performed, and the experience of both the surgeon and the hospital. No matter which type of surgery you choose, it is vital to have it performed by a highly experienced team, such as the one at NYU Langone. Simply put, the more experience, the better the outcome.

Learn more about surgical options by registering for our weight loss surgery information session.

Because certain people do not want or require surgery, we also offer a wide range of medical weight loss options.

For some people, nutritional education, lifestyle guidance, exercise plans, behavioral-mindful eating techniques, and trigger analysisor discovering which circumstances trigger the desire to eatare exactly what is needed.

Learn more about medical options for weight loss.

In addition to our main location in Manhattan, we provide care at NYU Langones Preston Robert Tisch Center for Mens Health at 555 Madison Avenue. In Brooklyn, we have two locations at 101 Broadway and at the NYU Langone Brooklyn Endoscopy and Ambulatory Surgery Center at 1630 East 14th Street. We also have an office in Queens at NYU Langone Ambulatory Care Rego Park, located at 97-85 Queens Boulevard. Our office in Rockland County is located at 5B Medical Park Drive in Pomona, and our Orange County office is at 745 Route 17M in Monroe. Our offices in Staten Island are at 682 Forest Avenue and 3453 Richmond Avenue.

Weight loss surgery is performed at Tisch Hospital and NYU Langone HospitalBrooklyn.

We are here to answer any questions you may have. Call our office at 212-263-3166 or email to request more information about our programs and seminars.

To register for an information session, please call 866-886-4698.

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Weight Management Program | NYU Langone Health

Weight Management – Parkinson’s Foundation

Nov, 10th 2018 2:46 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Have you experienced changes in weight since being diagnosed with Parkinsons disease (PD)? It is common for people with PD to lose weight, yet others may gain. Changes in weight can affect overall health. Being underweight means you can lose muscle mass and strength, cause you to be prone to osteoporosis and infection. Being overweight raises risk of heart disease and high blood pressure and puts stress on your joints. Maintaining a healthy weight is key to living well with PD.

Common Causes of Weight Changes

Weight LossThere are many reasons people with PD lose weight. Some people lose weight even if they are eating exactly the same meals. Others find certain PD symptoms affect appetite or the ability to eat.

PD does not cause ongoing, unexplained weight loss. Tell your doctor if you experience this symptom it may be a sign of a serious medical issue unrelated to PD.

Weight GainWeight gain is sometimes a side effect of PD therapies.


It is important that PD motor symptoms be optimally controlled. See your neurologist or movement disorders specialist to see whether he or she recommends a medication adjustment. Also, visit your primary care provider to exclude other medical reasons for weight change.

Tips for Achieving a Healthy Weight

Talk to your doctor:

To gain weight:

To lose weight:

Tell your doctor if you eat compulsively or binge eat this may be a side effect of PD medications.

Page reviewed by Dr. Chauncey Spears, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinsons Foundation Center of Excellence.

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Weight Management – Parkinson’s Foundation

Weight Management | University of Maryland Medical Center

Nov, 10th 2018 2:46 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Weight Loss Programs at University of Maryland

At the University of Maryland (UM) Center for Weight Management and Wellness, we are committed to providing patients with the tools they need to achieve and maintain weight loss. Bariatric surgery is one of the tools. We also emphasize diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes as critical to successful weight control. Our bariatric surgeon and weight loss experts offer surgery, nutrition therapy, support groups and other services to help you start your journey toward a healthier life.

We are dedicated to long-term weight loss success for our patients through bariatric surgery and lifestyle changes. Since 2007, we have been a Center of Excellence as designated by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) for our bariatric surgery program.

The designation demonstrates that excellence is built through teamwork. The outstanding outcomes we have achieved for our bariatric surgery patients show that we meet high standards in our program. Our team approach, with experts from different specialties, provides comprehensive treatment for our weight loss patients.

Mark Kligman, MD, director of the UM Center for Weight Management and Wellness, is our head surgeon. He leads a team of physicians, nurses, registered dietitians and staff. Meet our team and find out how we can help you get started on your journey to better health.

Our commitment to weight loss patients includes an inpatient unit created specifically for bariatric surgery patients and other overweight patients. We designed our 32 all-private rooms for the comfort and safety of our patients. The rooms feature:

If you’re considering bariatric surgery, sign up for our freeweight loss seminarpresented by Dr. Kligman. You can attend in person orwatch online!

Sign Up Now >

Meet some of our satisfied patients, and read their success stories. They changed their lives for the better through weight loss surgery at UM Center for Weight Management and Wellness.

Alexander Pictor, MSPH, RD, LDN, shares his top three tips for losing the weight and keeping it off. Click to watch more videos on nutrition and exercise.

If you would like to make an appointment or talk to someone about our services, please call 1-800-492-5538 or 410-328-8940 (patients) or 1-800-373-4111 (physicians).

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Weight Management | University of Maryland Medical Center

Vegetarianism – KidsHealth

Nov, 7th 2018 3:43 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Vegetarianism is a popular choice for many individuals and families. But parents may wonder if kids can safely follow a vegetarian diet and still get all necessary nutrients. Most dietary and medical experts agree that a well-planned vegetarian diet can actually be a very healthy way to eat.

But special care must be taken when serving kids and teens a vegetarian diet, especially if it doesn’t include dairy and egg products. And as with any diet, you’ll need to understand that the nutritional needs of kids change as they grow.

Before your child or family switches to a vegetarian diet, it’s important to note that all vegetarian diets are not alike. Major vegetarian categories include:

And many other people are semi-vegetarians who have eliminated red meat, but may eat poultry or fish.

Kids or families may follow a vegetarian diet for a variety of reasons. Younger vegetarians are usually part of a family that eats vegetarian meals for health, cultural, or other reasons. Older kids may decide to become vegetarians because of concern for animals, the environment, or their own health.

In most cases, you shouldn’t be alarmed if your child chooses vegetarianism. Discuss what it means and how to implement it, ensuring your child makes healthy and nutritious food choices.

Your doctor or a registered dietitian can help you plan and monitor a healthy vegetarian diet. Parents should give their kids a variety of foods that provide enough calories and nutrients to enable them to grow normally.

A well-planned vegetarian diet can meet kids’ nutritional needs and has some health benefits. For example, a diet rich in fruits and veggies will be high in fiber and low in fat, factors known to improve cardiovascular health by reducing blood cholesterol and maintaining a healthy weight. However, kids and teens on a vegetarian diet may need to be careful that they get an adequate amount of certain vitamins and minerals.

Here are nutrients that vegetarians should get and some of their best food sources:

Depending on the type of vegetarian diet chosen, kids may miss out on some of these important nutrients if the diet isn’t monitored by the parents. The less restrictive the vegetarian diet, the easier it will be for your child to get enough of the necessary nutrients. In some cases, fortified foods or supplements can help meet nutritional needs.

The main sources of protein and nutrients for infants are breast milk and formula (soy formula for vegan infants), especially in the first 6 months of life. Breastfed infant vegans should receive a source of vitamin B12 if the mother’s diet isn’t supplemented, and breastfed infants and infants drinking less than 32 ounces (1 liter) formula should get vitamin D supplements.

Guidelines for the introduction of solid foods are the same for vegetarian and nonvegetarian infants. Breastfed infants 6 months and older should receive iron from complementary foods, such as iron-fortified infant cereal.

Once an infant is introduced to solids, protein-rich vegetarian foods can include pureed tofu, cottage cheese, yogurt or soy yogurt, and pureed and strained legumes (legumes include beans, peas, chickpeas, and lentils).

Toddlers are already a challenge when it comes to eating. As they come off of breast milk or formula, kids are at risk for nutritional deficiencies. After the age of 1, strict vegan diets may not offer growing toddlers enough essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin D, vitamin B12, iron, calcium, and zinc.

So it’s important to serve fortified cereals and nutrient-dense foods. Vitamin supplementation is recommended for young children whose diets may not provide adequate nutrients.

Toddlers are typically picky about which foods they’ll eat and, as a result, some may not get enough calories from a vegetarian diet to thrive. For vegan toddlers, the amount of vegetables needed for proper nutrition and calories may be too bulky for their tiny stomachs.

During the picky toddler stage, it’s important for vegetarian parents to make sure their young child eats enough calories. You can get enough fat and calories in a vegan child’s diet, but you have to plan carefully.

Preteens and teens often voice their independence through the foods they choose to eat. One strong statement is the decision to stop eating meat. This is common among teens, who may decide to embrace vegetarianism in support of animal rights, for health reasons, or because friends are doing it.

If it’s done right, a meat-free diet can actually be a good choice for adolescents, especially considering that vegetarians often eat more of the foods that most teens don’t get enough of fruits and vegetables.

A vegetarian diet that includes dairy products and eggs (lacto-ovo) is the best choice for growing teens. A more strict vegetarian diet may fail to meet a teen’s need for certain nutrients, such as iron, zinc, calcium, and vitamins D and B12. If you’re concerned that your child is not getting enough of these important nutrients, talk to your doctor, who may recommend a vitamin and mineral supplement.

The good news for young vegetarians and their parents is that many schools are offering vegetarian fare, including salad bars and other healthy vegetarian choices. Schools publish lists of upcoming lunch menus; be sure to scan them to see if your child will have a vegetarian choice. If not, you can pack lunch.

If your vegetarian preteen or teen would rather make his or her own school lunch or opts to buy lunch, keep in mind that your child’s idea of a healthy vegetarian meal may be much different from yours (e.g., french fries and a soda). Talk to your child about the importance of eating right, especially when following a vegetarian diet.

Also be wary if your child has self-imposed a very restrictive diet. A teen with an eating disorder may drastically reduce calories or cut out all fat or carbohydrates and call it “vegetarianism” because it’s considered socially acceptable and healthy.

Even if preteens or teens are approaching vegetarianism in a healthy way, it’s still important for them to understand which nutrients might be missing in their diet. To support your child’s dietary decision and promote awareness of the kinds of foods your preteen or teen should be eating, consider having the whole family eat a vegetarian meal at least one night a week.

A vegetarian diet can be a healthy choice for all kids, as long as it’s properly planned.

The principles of planning a vegetarian diet are the same as planning any healthy diet provide a variety of foods and include foods from all of the food groups. A balanced diet will provide the right combinations to meet nutritional needs. But be aware of potential nutrient deficiencies in your child’s diet and figure out how you’ll account for them. With a little exploration, you may find more vegetarian options than you realized.

If you aren’t sure your child is getting all necessary nutrients or if you have any questions about vegetarian diets, check in with your family doctor, pediatrician, or a registered dietitian.

Date reviewed: October 2014

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Vegetarianism – KidsHealth

Vegan | Whole Foods Market

Nov, 7th 2018 3:43 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Vegan Recipes

Heres a taste of the irresistible vegan dishes youll find in our recipe library. Be sure to check out The Full Helpings vegan cooking hacks to make the most of your time in the kitchen.

In addition to not eating meat, poultry or fish like vegetarians, vegans also avoid other animal products and by-products like eggs, dairy products and honey and foods that contain these products.

Whats the benefit? A plant-based diet is so good for you. Vegans typically consume less saturated fat and cholesterol and more fiber and phytochemicals than standard diet followers. Add positive links between veg-based diets and lower levels of diabetes, obesity and more, and youve got a way of eating worth cheering for.

The key to a nutritionally sound vegan diet is variety. A healthy and balanced vegan diet includes fruits, veggies, whole grains, nuts, seeds and legumes. Below are some tips to help you navigate shopping and meal planning.

Reputable sources for detailed information on a complete vegan diet include The Vegetarian Resource Group, Mayo Clinic and Oldways Vegetarian and Vegan Food Pyramid. Be sure to check in with your health-care provider before starting any new diet.

Sure you know to avoid animal products, but sometimes, foods you wouldnt normally associate with animals contain their by-products. Watch for:

In addition to food products, cosmetics and soaps can also be derived from animal products. Check labels carefully.

Animal-derived ingredients are commonly found in supplements, so look for capsule and softgel products that say vegi-caps or highlight plant-derived sources on the label. Or ask a Whole Body team member for help. Here are some things to watch for:

In addition to the foods listed above, these products can make vegan cooking and eating easier:

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Vegan | Whole Foods Market


Nov, 7th 2018 3:43 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

@media screen and (max-width: 1000px) { } @media screen and (max-width: 480px) { .newblue-issue-main-image{display:block; float:none; margin:0px auto 20px auto; height:210px; width:210px; text-align:center; width:100%;} } ]]>The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) report that Americans eat an average of 58 pounds of beef, 93 pounds of chicken, and 52 pounds of pork, per person, per year. Vegetarians, about 3.3% of the US adult population and 4% of the US youth population, do not eat meat (including poultry and seafood). In their Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020, the USDA and the US Department of Health and Human Services outline three “healthy eating patterns” or “balanced diets” – two include meat, one is vegetarian.

Many proponents of vegetarianism say that eating meat harms health, wastes resources, causes deforestation, and creates pollution. They often argue that killing animals for food is cruel and unethical since non-animal food sources are plentiful.

Many opponents of a vegetarian diet say that meat consumption is healthful and humane, and that producing vegetables causes many of the same environmental problems as producing meat. They also argue that humans have been eating and enjoying meat for 2.3 million years. Read more background…

For the purposes of this site a “vegetarian diet” is one that does not contain any meat (including poultry and seafood), but can contain eggs (ovo) and dairy (lacto) products, which is why the diet is sometimes called the ovo-lacto vegetarian diet. Vegans do not eat any animal products including meat, eggs, and dairy products.

It is cruel and unethical to kill animals for food when vegetarian options are available. Animals are sentient beings that have emotions and… Read More

Animals are sentient beings that have emotions and social connections. Scientific studies show that cattle, pigs, chickens, and all warm-blooded animals can experience stress, pain, and fear. [100] In the United States about 35 million cows, 115 million pigs, and 9 billion birds are killed for food each year. [96] These animals should not have to die to satisfy an unnecessary dietary preference.

Human anatomy has evolved to support a primarily vegetarian diet.Humans do not have the large mouth or long, pointed teeth of carnivores… Read More

Humans do not have the large mouth or long, pointed teeth of carnivores. Human teeth are short and flat for chewing fibrous food. Carnivores have short intestines (3-6 times body length) while human intestines are long (10-11 times body length) to allow slower digestion of plant foods. The liver of a carnivore can detoxify the excess vitamin A absorbed from a meat-based diet. The human liver cannot detoxify excess vitamin A. [62]

A vegetarian diet delivers complete nutrition and can provide health benefits. According to the American Dietetic Association, a vegetarian… Read More

According to the American Dietetic Association, a vegetarian diet can meet protein requirements, provide all the essential amino-acids (the building blocks of protein), and improve health. It can also provide all the necessary vitamins, fats, and minerals, and can improve ones health. [1] [2] According to the USDA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, meat is not an essential part of a healthy diet. [68] [123]

A vegetarian diet can help alleviate world hunger. Over 10 pounds of plant protein are used to produce one pound of beef protein. If these grains… Read More

Over 10 pounds of plant protein are used to produce one pound of beef protein. [24] If these grains were fed to humans instead of animals, more food would be available for the 925 million people in chronic hunger worldwide. [105] Research from Cornell University found that the grain used to feed US livestock alone could feed 800 million people. [107]

A vegetarian diet reduces the chances of developing kidney stones and gallstones. Diets high in animal protein cause the body to excrete calcium… Read More

Diets high in animal protein cause the body to excrete calcium, oxalate, and uric acidthe main components of kidney stones and gallstones. A diet high in animal protein is responsible for the high rates (15% of men and 7% of women) of kidney stones in the United States, according to a peer-reviewed Nov. 15, 1999 study. [6]

A vegetarian diet provides a more healthful form of iron than a meat-based diet. Studies have linked heme iron found in red meat with an increased… Read More

Studies have linked heme iron found in red meat with an increased risk of colon and rectal cancer. [4] Vegetarian sources of iron like leafy greens and beans contain non-heme iron. [3]

A vegetarian diet helps build healthy bones because vegetarians absorb more calcium than meat eaters. Meat has high renal acid levels which… Read More

Meat has high renal acid levels which the body must neutralize by leaching calcium from the bones, which is then passed into urine and lost. [5] There are many sources of healthy vegetarian calcium including tofu, dark leafy greens like kale, spinach, and collard greens, as well as fortified cereals. [128]

A vegetarian diet lowers the risk of heart disease. According to a peer-reviewed 1999 study of 76,000 people, vegetarians had 24% lower… Read More

[64] According to a peer-reviewed 1999 study of 76,000 people, vegetarians had 24% lower mortality from heart disease than meat eaters. [7] A vegetarian diet also helps lower blood pressure, prevent hypertension, and thus reduce the risk of stroke. [8]

Eating meat increases the risk of getting type 2 diabetes. A peer-reviewed 2004 study from Harvard researchers found that eating meat increases… Read More

A peer-reviewed 2004 study from Harvard researchers found that eating meat increases the risk of getting type 2 diabetes in women, [9] and a 2002 study found that eating processed meat increases the risk in men. [122] A vegetarian diet rich in whole grains, legumes, nuts, and soy proteins helps to improve glycemic control in people who already have diabetes. [10]

Vegetarians live longer. A Mar. 12, 2012 peer-reviewed study of 121,342 people found that eating red meat was associated with an increased risk… Read More

A Mar. 12, 2012 peer-reviewed study of 121,342 people found that eating red meat was associated with an increased risk of death from cancer and cardiovascular disease. [121] A peer-reviewed 2003 study found that adherence to vegetarian diets or diets very low in meat for 20 years or more can increase life expectancy by 3.6 years. [86] A peer-reviewed July 9, 2001 study of Seventh-Day Adventists who were vegetarian (or ate very little meat) showed longevity increases of 7.28 years for men and 4.42 years for women. [76] On June 3, 2013 a peer-reviewed study of 73,308 people found that a vegetarian diet is associated with a 12% reduction in all-cause mortality. [130]

A vegetarian diet promotes a healthy weight. According to a peer-reviewed 2003 Oxford University study of 37,875 healthy men and women aged… Read More

According to a peer-reviewed 2003 Oxford University study of 37,875 healthy men and women aged 20-97, 5.4% of meat eaters were obese compared to 3% of vegetarians. Meat eaters had an average Body Mass Index (BMI) 8.3% higher than vegetarians. [11] Another 2006 meta-study that compiled data from 87 studies also found that vegetarian diets are associated with reduced body weight. [124]

Studies show that vegetarians are up to 40% less likely to develop cancer than meat eaters. According to a peer-reviewed 1994 study by Harvard… Read More

According to a peer-reviewed 1994 study by Harvard researchers, consuming beef, pork, or lamb five or more times a week significantly increases the risk of colon cancer. [102] The World Cancer Research Fund found that eating processed meats such as bacon or sausage increases this risk even further. [148] A 2014 study found that diets high in animal protein were associated with a 4-fold increase in cancer death risk compared to high protein diets based on plant-derived protein sources. [132]

Overgrazing livestock hurts the environment through soil compaction, erosion, and harm to native plants and animals. About 70% of the 11… Read More

About 70% of the 11 western states are grazed by livestock. [29] Grazing has been a factor in the listing of 171 species under the Endangered Species Act. [92] It has damaged 80% of streams and riparian areas in the western United States. [93] 85% of US land used for grazing livestock is not suitable for farming. [27] Abstaining from meat would help in the restoration of vast US lands more naturally suited to provide habitat for native plants and animals.

A vegetarian diet conserves water. It takes about 2,500 gallons of water to produce one pound of beef, and about 660 gallons to make a pound… Read More

It takes about 2,500 gallons of water to produce one pound of beef, and about 660 gallons to make a pound of chicken. It only takes about 220 gallons to make a pound of tofu and 180 to make a pound of wheat flour. [25]

A vegetarian diet leads to lower greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gases are created by enteric fermentation (aka animal farts and burps)… Read More

Greenhouse gases are created by enteric fermentation (aka animal farts and burps), manure decomposition, and deforestation to make room for grazing animals and growing feed. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, raising animals for food creates 18% of global greenhouse gases – more than the transportation sector. [17] Producing a pound of hamburger meat contributes as much greenhouse gas as driving a small car nearly 20 miles. A pound of pork equals about 5 miles, and a pound of potatoes only 0.34 miles. [24] A June 2014 peer-reviewed study found that diets including meat cause the creation of up to 54% more greenhouse gas emissions than vegetarian diets. [134] According to the United Nations Environment Programme, a “worldwide diet change away from animal products” is necessary to stop the worst effects of global climate change. [104]

Producing one hamburger destroys 55 square feet of rainforest. Between 1996-2006, 25 million acres of Amazon rainforest were cleared80% of… Read More

[22] Between 1996-2006, 25 million acres of Amazon rainforest were cleared80% of which became pasture for beef cattle. [20] In 2009, the United States imported 44,284 tons [23] of processed Brazilian beef mostly for use in hamburgers, hot dogs, and lunch meats. Importing fresh Brazilian beef became legal in Nov. 2010, and US beef imports from Brazil will likely increase. [21]

Raising animals for food contributes to air and water pollution. Manure produces toxic hydrogen sulfide and ammonia which pollute the air and… Read More

Manure produces toxic hydrogen sulfide and ammonia which pollute the air and leach poisonous nitrates into nearby waters. The USDA estimates that livestock produces 500 million tons of manure annuallythree times what humans produce. [32] Runoff laden with manure is a major cause of “dead zones in 173,000 miles of US waterways, [32] including the 7,700-square-mile dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico. [115] People living near CAFOs often have respiratory problems from hydrogen sulfide and ammonia air pollution. A peer-reviewed 2006 study of Iowa students near a CAFO found 19.7% had asthma – nearly three times the state average of 6.7%. [166]

Many animals raised for food in the United States are not slaughtered humanely. The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (HMSA) mandates that livestock… Read More

The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (HMSA) mandates that livestock be stunned unconscious before slaughter to minimize suffering. [65] However, birds such as chickens and turkey are exempted from the HMSA, and many US slaughterhouses routinely ignore the HMSA. [66] A 2010 report by the US Government Accountability Organization (GAO) found that the USDA was not “taking consistent actions to enforce the HMSA.” [90]

Raising animals in confinement is cruel. About 50% of meat produced in the United States comes from confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs)… Read More

About 50% of meat produced in the United States comes from confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) [41] where animals live in filthy, overcrowded spaces. In CAFOs pigs have their tails cut off, chickens have their toenails and beaks clipped off, and cows have their horns removed and tails cut off with no painkillers. [32] Pregnant pigs are kept in metal gestation crates barely bigger than they are. [35] Baby cows raised for veal are tied up and confined in tiny stalls their entire short lives (3-18 weeks). [36]

A vegetarian diet reduces overuse of antibiotics. 70% of antibiotics sold in the United States go to livestock like cows, pigs, and chickens… Read More

70% of antibiotics sold in the United States go to livestock like cows, pigs, and chickens to prevent the spread of disease in CAFOs where animals live cramped together. [31] A peer-reviewed 2007 study from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences found that overuse of antibiotics in CAFOs causes antibiotic resistant bacteria to develop, which may endanger human health. [40]

Eating fish is not more ethical, environmentally sound, or healthful than eating other animal protein sources. The US EPA states that… Read More

The US EPA states that “nearly all fish and shellfish” are contaminated by methylmercury (a potent neurotoxin) from industrial pollution. [125] [39] The omega-3 acid ALA found in vegetarian sources like walnut, flax, and olive oils, is converted by the body into EPA and DHAthe essential omega-3 acids found in fishand sufficient to meet the dietary needs of humans. [54] In addition, scientific studies show fish feel pain when they are injured, [37] and wild fish are severely impacted by overfishing. According to a peer-reviewed 2006 study published in Science, 29% of all commercially fished species have suffered population collapse, and at current fishing levels all harvested species will have collapsed by 2048. [38]

Eating meat is not cruel or unethical; it is a natural part of the cycle of life. Vegetarians mistakenly elevate the value of animal life over plant… Read More

Vegetarians mistakenly elevate the value of animal life over plant life. Research shows that plants respond electrochemically to threats and may feel fear, [98] so vegetarians are also causing harm every time they kill and eat a plant. Every organism on earth dies or is killed, at some point, so others organisms can live. There is nothing wrong with this cycle; it is how nature works.

Eating meat has been an essential part of human evolution for 2.3 million years. The inclusion of meat in the ancestral diet provided a dense… Read More

[14] The inclusion of meat in the ancestral diet provided a dense form of nutrients and protein that, when combined with high-calorie low-nutrient carbohydrates such as roots, allowed us to develop our large brains and intelligence. [63] Evidence shows our taste buds evolved to crave meat’s savory flavor. [57]

Meat is the most convenient protein source available. In one serving, meat provides all the essential amino acids (the building blocks of protein)… Read More

In one serving, meat provides all the essential amino acids (the building blocks of protein), as well as essential nutrients such as iron, zinc, and B vitamins. [61] Most plant foods do not provide adequate levels of all the essential amino acids in a single serving.

Eating meat provides healthy saturated fats, which enhance the function of the immune and nervous systems. Saturated fats contain the… Read More

Saturated fats contain the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, [49] and the cholesterol from saturated animal fat is needed for the proper function of serotonin receptors in the brain. According to a Feb. 7, 2014 study by researchers at the Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, vegetarians “suffer significantly more often from anxiety disorder and/or depression.” [133] Low cholesterol levels have been linked to depression. Saturated fats are also essential for building and maintaining cell health, and help the body absorb calcium. [101]

Meat is the best source of vitamin B12, a vitamin necessary to nervous and digestive system health. Although it is also found in eggs and dairy… Read More

Although it is also found in eggs and dairy, [46] a peer-reviewed July 2003 study showed two in three vegetarians were vitamin B12 deficient compared to one in 20 meat eaters. [47]

Eating meat provides a better source of iron than a vegetarian diet. The body absorbs 15% to 35% of the heme iron in meat, but only absorbs 2% to… Read More

The body absorbs 15% to 35% of the heme iron in meat, but only absorbs 2% to 20% of the non-heme iron found in vegetarian sources like leafy greens and beans. [3]

A meat-centered diet can help with weight loss. It takes fewer calories to get protein from lean meat than it does from vegetarian options. One… Read More

It takes fewer calories to get protein from lean meat than it does from vegetarian options. One serving of lean beef (3 oz.) contains as much protein as one serving of beans (1 cups) or a veggie burger. However, the lean beef has half the calories of beans (180 vs. 374), and 50%-75% fewer calories than the veggie burger. [61] [15]

Raising beef is often the most efficient way to produce food for humans. About 85% of US grazing land is not suitable for raising crops humans… Read More

About 85% of US grazing land is not suitable for raising crops humans can eat. [27] Today 98% of the original American prairie lands, along with their native plants and animals, are gone. [60] Most of that land is now covered in corn and wheat fields. Natural prairie grasslands can coexist with sustainable herds of cattle or bison, but they cannot coexist with monocrop agriculture.

Vegetarian diets are not necessarily better for the environment. About 90% of US cropland suffers from top soil loss at 13 times the sustainable… Read More

About 90% of US cropland suffers from top soil loss at 13 times the sustainable rate. [42] 92% of US soybeans (a vegetarian staple protein) are planted with genetically modified soy, immune to herbicides. [43] This immunity allows soy farmers to douse their fields with large quantities of weed-killing herbicides which are toxic to other plants and fish. Some scientists worry that increased herbicide use could create “super weeds.” [44]

Vegetarians do not live longer. This myth stems from the fact that vegetarians tend to be more health conscious overall, eating a more balanced… Read More

This myth stems from the fact that vegetarians tend to be more health conscious overall, eating a more balanced diet, exercising more, and smoking less than the general population. When a peer-reviewed Apr. 11, 2005 study from the German Cancer Research Center compared health conscious meat eaters with vegetarians, there was no difference in overall mortality rates. [56]

US meat consumption does not significantly contribute to global deforestation, or loss of US forest land. In 2001 about 95% of animal products… Read More

In 2001 about 95% [18] of animal products consumed in the United States were produced in the United States. Despite the US consumption of about 27 billion pounds of beef per year, [26] the percentage of forested US land has remained steady at around 33% since 1907. [19]

Processed vegetarian protein options such as tofu can cause more greenhouse gas pollution than farming meat. . A 2010 report from the World… Read More

A 2010 report from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) found that the production of soy-based proteins such as tofu could contribute more to greenhouse gas emissions than eating locally produced meat. [16] According to a peer-reviewed 2009 study, giving up all animal products would only give a 7% reduction in green house gas emissions, [106] not enough to be worth the dietary sacrifice.

Becoming vegetarian will not help alleviate world hunger. The 925 million people in chronic hunger worldwide are not hungry because people in… Read More

The 925 million [105] people in chronic hunger worldwide are not hungry because people in wealthy countries eat too much meat. The problem is one of economics and distribution. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the world “currently produces enough food for everybody, but many people do not have access to it.” [108]

A diet that includes fish provides the body with essential omega-3 fatty acids. Fish are a powerful source of the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and… Read More

Fish are a powerful source of the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA which are important for brain function, lowering triglycerides, and reducing the risk of death from heart attacks and strokes. [52] Although the omega-3 fatty acid ALA can be found in plant oils, the ALA must first be converted by the body into the essential EPA and DHA. The process is inefficient and may not provide the same cardiovascular benefits as eating fish. [53]

Saturated fats from meat are not to blame for modern diseases like heart disease, cancer, and obesity. Chemically processed and hydrogenated vegetable oils… Read More

Chemically processed and hydrogenated vegetable oils like corn and canola cause these conditions because they contain harmful free radicals and trans fats formed during chemical processing. [46] [49]

Lean red meat, eaten in moderation, can be a healthful part of a balanced diet. According to researchers at the British Nutrition Foundation… Read More

According to researchers at the British Nutrition Foundation, “there is no evidence” that moderate consumption of unprocessed lean red meat has any negative health effects. [50] However, charring meat during cooking can create over 20 chemicals linked to cancer, [51] and the World Cancer Research Fund finds that processed meats like bacon, sausage, and salami, which contain preservatives such as nitrates, are strongly associated with bowel cancer and should be avoided. They emphasize that lean, unprocessed red meat can be a valuable source of nutrients and do not recommend that people remove red meat from their diets entirely, but rather, that they limit consumption to 11 ounces per week or less. [48]

Modern slaughter techniques minimize the suffering of animals. US slaughterhouses must conform to the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (HMSA)… Read More

US slaughterhouses must conform to the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (HMSA) which mandates that livestock be stunned unconscious before slaughter. [65] Many of the largest US meat producers also adhere to the handling standards developed by Dr. Temple Grandin [87] [89] which factor in animal psychology to design transportation devices, stockyards, loading ramps, and restraining systems that minimize stress and calm animals as they are led to slaughter. [88]

There is nothing inherently cruel about raising animals for food. There is a growing movement to raise “cruelty free” organic meat… Read More

There is a growing movement to raise “cruelty free” organic meat. In the United States, animals raised for certified organic meat must be given access to the outdoors, clean air, and water. They cannot be given growth hormones or antibiotics and must be fed organically-grown feed free of animal byproducts. [85] According to a 2007 report from the Range Improvement Task Force, organic meat accounted for 3% of total US meat production. [84] By the end of 2012 “natural and organic” beef accounted for 4% of total beef sales in the United States. [129]

The right to eat what we want, including meat, is a fundamental liberty that we must defend. Animal-rights and health groups are attempting to… Read More

Animal-rights and health groups are attempting to control personal behavior, and many would like to see meat consumption severely restrictedif not outlawedthrough the use of lawsuits, heavy taxation, and government regulations. [97] What people eat should be a protected personal choice.

It is not necessary to become vegetarian to lower our environmental footprint. Some vegetarians eat an unhealthy diet, drive SUVs, and consume… Read More

Some vegetarians eat an unhealthy diet, drive SUVs, and consume eggs and dairy products produced at factory farms (CAFOs). Some meat eaters use solar panels, ride a bike, grow their own vegetables, and eat free-range organic meat. All of a person’s actions make a differencenot just a single act such as eating meat. For example, biking instead of driving for 5 miles can neutralize the greenhouse gas emissions from eating one quarter-pound hamburger patty. [24]

Vegetarian diets can cause the death of animals too. According to a 2003 study by Steven Davis at Oregon State University, about six animals… Read More

According to a 2003 study by Steven Davis at Oregon State University, about six animals per acre, or 52-77% of the animals (such as birds, mice, and rabbits) that live in agricultural crop fields, are killed during harvest. [118]


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