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The Fast 800: How to combine rapid weight loss and …

Mar, 11th 2019 3:44 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Review

‘The revolutionary new diet by Dr Michael Mosley, creator of the 5:2. It is the most eagerly awaited health book of the year’ Daily Mail

‘This new book is full of fascinating information and is incredibly readable. I picked it up in something of a post-Christmas haze and couldn’t put it down.’ Dr Andrew Bailey, Fellow of the Royal College of General Practitioners

‘An important, easy to follow book which is full of surprising and effective weight loss tips. It should change a lot of lives for the better.’ Professor Desiree Silva, University of Western Australia

‘Dr Mosley, one of the world’s leading writers covering nutrition and health, does it again with a very informative and entertaining book.’ Dr Valter Longo, Director of the University of Southern California Longevity Institute

‘This diet changed my life. I lost 16kg (35lbs) in the first 8 weeks and I ve lost another 6kg (13lbs) since. I was a borderline diabetic but I’m not anymore, in fact I’m healthier than I’ve ever been.’ Denise Bach, aged 51

‘I lost 40lb and I’m now a size 10. I feel so much better. This approach is now part of my daily life.’ Penni Cuthbert, aged 33

‘Not so much a diet as a new way of living. I’ve followed Michael’s advice ever since my third bout of cancer and I have not looked back.’ Patrick McIntosh, who at the age of 58 became the first man to walk to the South Pole after surviving surgery for bowel, skin and prostate cancer.

‘In this fast-paced, no-nonsense book, Dr Michael Mosley brings together the latest science – which approaches to dieting and exercise actually work with inspiring accounts of his and others using these strategies to vastly improve their health. This book is a triumph, providing just the right balance of practical advice, scientific reasoning and hope. Dr Mosley shows that armed with the right information, it is within all of our powers to shift excess body weight for good.’

Dr Jack Lewis, broadcaster and neuroscientist –.

Michael Mosley trained to be a doctor at the Royal Free Hospital in London. After qualifying he joined the BBC, where he became a well-known TV presenter. He is the author of the internationally bestselling Fast Diet, The 8-week Blood Sugar Diet and The Clever Guts Diet.

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The Fast 800: How to combine rapid weight loss and …

How to lose weight safely – Food and nutrition | NHS inform

Mar, 11th 2019 3:43 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Losing weight safely and at a realistic pace is the best way to reach your healthy weight and to maintain that weight in the long term.

To make sure you lose weight safely, always speak to your GP before starting a new diet or fitness regime.

One pound of fat contains 3,500 calories so cutting your calorie intake by 500 calories per day on average, should see you lose 1 pound per week. While it might not seem like much, if you ate an extra 100 calories per day, by the end of the year you could gain 11lbs. Small changes make a huge difference in the long term.

Setting small and realistic goals will help you lose weight safely and will make you more likely to maintain your weight loss.

Eat three regular, balanced meals a day and try to have meals at planned times. Only include snacks if you’re physically hungry.

More abouteating a healthy balanced diet

Substitute high-calorie food for healthier alternatives if you’re trying to lose weight:

Looking for healthy snack inspiration?

Losing weight is about eating a healthy and balanced diet, but a big part of being successful in your weight loss attempts is learning how to control your portion sizes.

Portion sizes vary depending on a number of factors – such as age, gender and activity levels – but as a rough guide, the following table outlines the portion sizes of some common foods:

Food item

Portion size

Pasta and rice

2 to 3 tablespoons

Bread

1 medium slice

Cooked meat

Size of a deck of cards

Milk

200ml

Hard cheese

Size of a matchbox

Beans or pulses

4 tablespoons

Picking a smaller plate can help to reduce your portion sizes and in turn, the number of calories consumed.

More aboutportion control.

Eating in front of the TV can influence our food choices but can also contribute to us eating more than we need. Concentrating on the TV instead of the meal or snack you’re eating can lead to mindless eating where we eat more than we need and will be less likely to notice feeling full.

More about mindful eating (will add appropriate link).

Planning ahead is important to help ensure you have the right foods to hand, at the right times. You should:

Avoid buying larger pack sizes and in-store promotions that are often foods high in fat, salt or sugar – such as crisps and fizzy drinks – this can lead to overeating and weight gain.

Keeping active helps to burn the calories you consume. If you eat a healthy balanced diet with fewer calories and increase the amount of activity you do each day, you’ll lose weight.

It’s recommended that adults should try to be active every day and should complete at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise per week – this could include cycling or walking at a fast pace. Alternatively, you could complete 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic exercise, which could include running or a game of football. You could split this up into easily manageable 30-minute workouts over 5 days of the week.

It’s also important to include strength exercises that work all of the major muscles (chest, shoulders, arms, back, abdomen, hips, legs) into your workouts.

More aboutkeeping active

Alcohol contains a lot of calories. Drinking too much can damage your health and lead to weight gain.

As a guide:

If you want to lose weight, cut down on the amount of alcohol you drink or avoid altogether.

You should limit the amount you drink to no more than 14 units spread evenly throughout the week.

Tips for cutting down on alcohol

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How to lose weight safely – Food and nutrition | NHS inform

The China Study: The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition …

Mar, 10th 2019 3:43 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

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The China Study: The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition …

Weight Loss Tips – Lose Weight Safely – The Frisky

Mar, 10th 2019 3:41 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

1- Input output

In the beginning, you have to know how your body works and how it burns fat. Your body reacts according to the following equation.

Intake Calories Output Calories

Intake calories are the amount of calories you gain from the food and beverages you consume daily. Output calories are the number of calories you burn from your body metabolism and daily physical activity So, to guarantee continuous weight loss, you have to be careful about this equation. You have to keep your output calories must be higher than your intake calories to lose weight.

Source: Indiatimes.com

The most important meal in your diet is breakfast because your body metabolic rate depends mainly on it at the beginning of the day. Early breakfast results in a higher metabolic rate for the whole day, but be Careful of eating a large amount of food for breakfast. Its recommended to have fruits, vegetables or some yoghurt to be included in your breakfast with a suitable amount of water.

Your body metabolism rate reacts according to how many meals you eat per day. Eating 5-6 small portions meals result in a higher metabolism rate, but 1-2 daily meals will reduce your metabolism and increase your weight gain rate. The more you eat, the more you burn, as long as the intake calories are less than the output calories as we explained before.

The body fat is considered as the fuel for your muscle. So, when you do exercises, your body muscles use this fat and burn it to produce sufficient energy for your muscles. Thats why physical activity is so important in losing weight, but Im not talking about any type of physical activity. We will explain later further details about the exercises.

Source: Examine.com

There are many natural metabolism boosters that you can use to help you increase your metabolism rate and lose weight easily.

Do you know that drinking water before meals suppresses your appetite? Not only that, but some researches said that cold water helps your metabolic rate to be higher to keep your body temperature normal at 37 Celsius. One of the most common mistakes is drinking soda instead of water. Consuming one or two cans of soda causes your waistline to increase five times than with those who are not drinking. In addition to the large amounts of sugar in the soda will increase your appetite to eat more food, even the diet soda which contains artificial sugar will do the same bad effect.

Sleeping well will maintain your body nervous system in a healthy state and thus help improve your body activity level and accordingly the metabolism. But insufficient daily sleep results in higher levels of cortisol hormone (stress hormone). You have to sleep 6-8 hours daily to help your body recover and remain in good health.

Source: thebestyoumagazine.co

One of the most common mistakes Ive ever seen in my career life.

When you feel sad, dont eat!

When you feel depressed, dont eat!

When you feel stressed, dont eat!

Eating while you are depressed or upset will make you eat more without knowing. Try to control your appetite when you feel depressed. There are many natural depression treatments like a piece of dark chocolate or coffee, or you can go for some walk and get some fresh air. Trust me! Eating too much food wont make you happier.

Ive seen this case so many times. Dont worry its normal and temporary to gain some weight during your diet program, keep following your diet and exercise to lose weight again. Never stop because of some pounds up!

Following a low calories diet for a long time will make your metabolic rate lower, and thats the main reason for gaining weight again after losing. Your diet should include a free day, in which you can eat anything as you like to break the daily diet routine and help increase your body metabolism again.

Source: simple.wikipedia.org

-Your body starts to burn the stored fats after around 30 mins of exercising.

-Dont divide the time of your exercise on the day, at least do 30 mins continuously.

2- Strength Exercise:

-The muscle cell needs energy more than the fat cell, so it means that the more muscle mass in your body the higher metabolic rate.

3- Lifestyle modification:

-The best way to burn calories during the day without efforts.

-Using the stairs instead of the elevator.

-Home work like cleaning or washing

-Parking the car away from the destination entrance to walk more.

-Washing your car.

-Cardio exercises use your stored fats to produce energy.

-Gym machines exercises tend to increase your muscle mass and increase your metabolic rate.

-Both of them are useful for weight loss but with different theories.

-You can perform both of them but focus on the cardio exercise especially at the beginning

-Dont believe the TV commercials!

-Abdominal exercises increase your abdomen muscles mass but not burning its fats.

-The fat loss during abdominal exercise is so low compared to the increase in muscle mass.

-The result will be that you will get a big muscle mass on the abdomen fat layer, which will not be a good shape.

-But focus on cardio exercises only until you lose your abdomen fat and becomes nearly flat.

-Then start the abdominal exercises to build sexy six packs without fat.

Source: Instagram

Cellulite is a condition in which the skin appears to have areas with underlying fat deposits, It is most noticeable on the buttocks and thighs and usually occurs after puberty.

-Grades or types of cellulite:

*Grade 1 cellulite sees no clinical symptoms, but a microscopic examination of cells of the body detects underlying anatomical changes.

*Grade 2 have decreased elasticity, in addition to anatomical changes noted by microscopic examinations.

*Grade 3 cellulite has visible roughness of the skin (like an orange peel) along with all grade 2 signs.

-Causes of cellulite

1- Hormonal factors

2- Genetics

3- Diet

4- Lifestyle factors

5- Tight Clothing

-Treatment of cellulite:

There are several treatments that have been suggested to reduce cellulite. But according to my experience, the best one is radiofrequency therapy (RF) sessions.

-It stimulates the collagen in your skin and promotes the skin elasticity.

-It reduces the fat deposits under the skin layer (subcutaneous lipolysis).

-It reduces the orange peel appearance of the skin.

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Weight Loss Tips – Lose Weight Safely – The Frisky

obesity.conferenceseries.com – Obesity, Diet Management …

Mar, 8th 2019 11:44 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Sessions/Tracks

Track 1: The Science of Obesity and Diabetes

The prevalence of inordinate corpulence, quantified by body mass index has raised to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the Cumulated States and ecumenical with resultant hazardous health implicative insinuations. The global prevalence of obesity has nearly tripled since 1975. In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults aged 18 were overweight. In fact, exorbitant corpulence is believed to account for 80-85% of the jeopardy of developing type 2 diabetes, while recent obesity research suggests that exorbitantly corpulent people are upto more likely develop type 2 diabetes than those with a BMI of less than 22.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 2: Endocrinology & Hormonal Obesity

According to Hormonal Obesity Theory (HOT), we postulate that high insulin levels causes obesity. People who are obese have hormone levels that encourage the accumulation of body fat. The hormones leptin, insulin, oestrogens, androgens and magnification hormone influence our appetite, metabolism and body fat distribution. Important physiological variable such as body weight is not left up to the vaguaries of daily caloric intake and output but instead is precisely regulated by hormones mostly insulin, but also cortisol.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 3: Effects of Obesity on Womens Health & Pregnancy

Obesity is a growing public health problem among women of childbearing age in the U.S. obesity rates by ethnic groups-African-American 38.9%, Hispanics 36.3%, compared to 23.7% for white women. Being extravagantly corpulent can harm your fertility by inhibiting mundane ovulation. Extravagant corpulence can additionally affect the outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Women should be advised about the consequentiality of salubrious victualing afore and during pregnancy.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 4: Obesity & Weight Loss Management: Food – Diet Compatibility

Diet programs may engender weight loss over the short term, but maintaining this weight loss is frequently arduous and often requires making exercise and a lower pabulum energy diet an aeonian part of a person’s lifestyle. For most countries and whatever the gender, achieving nutritional adequacy implied between- foods and diet patterns & food-group substitutions. emerging research suggests that some foods, eating patterns, dietary intake and weight control may make to prevent diseases and easier to keep calories in check, highlighting diet strategies that also help prevent chronic disease.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 5: Balanced Diet and Chronic Diseases

Salubrious diets and physical activity are key to good pabulum and obligatory for a long and salubrious life. Victualing nutrient dense foods and balancing energy intake with the indispensable physical activity to maintain a salubrious weight is essential at all stages of life. Unbalanced consumption of foods high in energy (sugar, starch and/or fat) and low in essential nutrients contributes to energy excess, inordinately corpulent and inordinate corpulence. The amount of the energy consumed in cognation to physical activity and the quality of aliment are key determinants of pabulum cognate chronic disease

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 6: Bioenergetics and Dietary Interventions

Bioenergetics, the process of converting victuals into a utilizable form of energy, is directly cognate to overall metabolism. The concept of energy for most people on a day-to day substratum is an elusive one. It is that longed for health trait, presenting itself swiftly at certain points in our day, and then lost as expeditiously as it was gained. Diet induced inordinate corpulence is associated with impaired mitochondrial function and dynamic deportment. Mitochondrial dynamic processes with their stringent interconnection with mitochondrial bioenergetics are involved in energy balance and diet impact on metabolic tissues.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 7: Nutrition Lipidomics

Lipidomics can be efficaciously used to elucidate the interactions between diet, nutrients, and human metabolism. Lipids are a diverse class of metabolites that play several key roles in the maintenance of human health. Lipidomics can withal be applied to optimize the effects of pabulum processing on the dietary value, and in the evaluation of victuals-cognate health effects.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 8: Obesity and High Protein Diet

Diets fixated on a heftily ponderous protein load can be arduous to maintain and often carry their own health peril. Some of these jeopardies include constipation due to a lack of dietary fiber, incremented heart disease risk (with higher red meat consumption), and reduced kidney function for people. High Protein Diet are kenned to enhearten weight loss but adhering to them can be arduous.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 9: Dietary Supplements, Nutraceuticals and Functional Food

Functional foods and Nutraceuticals, dietary supplements, herbal products and natural antioxidants have established their potential roles in the auspice of human health against diseases. Nutrient-based compounds, extracts and other vitamins would be regulated as foods rather than drugs, which are subject to extensive and expensive trials and may make claims as to their efficacy, whereas supplements may not.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 10: Vaccines/Weight Loss Pills for Obesity

If transmuting your diet and exercise habits has failed to avail you achieve the results you hoped for, weight loss medication can be an option. The weight loss pills contain more active ingredients intended to increment fat burning, decrement appetite or reduce absorption of fat. The therapeutic vaccines could treat alternatively the obesity by suppressing the appetite-stimulating hormone and blocking absorption of nutrients. The treatment of human inordinate corpulence with vaccination would provide medicos with a drug- and surgical- free option against the weight epidemic.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 11: Update on Vitamins & Dietary Components

Diverse dietary constituents may develop obesity and cardio-metabolic disease by additional mechanisms that are not mediated solely by caloric content. Calories in distinction to any food have the probability to increase risk for obesity and cardio-metabolic disease as all calories can directly contribute to positive energy balance and fat gain.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 12: Obesity and Cardiac Health

Obesity increases the risk for heart disease and stroke. Heftiness is turning into a noteworthy adversity as of late. It is allied with various comorbidities, for example, cardiovascular illnesses; type 2 diabetes, hypertension and rest apnoea/rest scattered relaxing. Deterence of obesity by diet and regular physical activity remains the principal priority for maintaining cardiovascular health.

Related Obesity Societies:

British Obesity Society, UK; The European Association for the Study of Obesity, Italy; American Obesity Association (AOA), USA; German Obesity Society, Germany; American Obesity Treatment Association, USA; European Childhood Obesity Group, Italy; Obesity Management Association, UK; Canadian Diabetes Association, Canada; Korean obesity society, Korea; Japan Society for the Study of Obesity, Japan; Obesity Medicine Association, USA; The Obesity Society USA; Obesity Action Coalition USA; Association for the Study of Obesity USA; All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity India; American Obesity Treatment Association USA; Malaysian Association for the Study of Obesity (MASO) Malaysia; Obesity Management Association (OMA)

Related Nutrition Societies:

Europe: International Confederation of Dietetic Associations, France; The Austrian Nutrition Society, Austria; The Federation of European Nutrition Societies, UK; Bulgarian Scientific Society for Nutrition and Dietetics, Bulgaria; Belgian Nutrition Society, Belgium

USA: Society for Nutrition Education and Behaviour, USA; Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, USA; American Society for Nutrition, USA; American Society for Clinical Nutrition, USA; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, USA; The Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, USA

Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society, China; The Indian Society of Clinical Nutrition, India; Singapore Nutrition and Dietetics Association, Singapore; The Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Malaysia, Malaysia; The Nutritionist-Dietitians Association of the Philippines, Philippines; The Indonesian Nutrition Association, Indonesia; Indian Dietetic Association, India; The Nutrition Society of India, India

Track 13: Nutrition and Brain Health

The Mediterranean way research shows that a diet affluent in fish, whole grains, green leafy vegetables, olives, and nuts avails maintain encephalon health. Victualing high quality foods that contain lots of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants aliments the encephalon and forfends it from oxidative stress -the waste (free radicals) engendered when the body uses oxygen, which can damage cells. The Ecumenical Council on Brain Health (GCBH) examined the state of science on the impact diet has on encephalon health in adults age 50 and older.

Related Obesity Societies:

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obesity.conferenceseries.com – Obesity, Diet Management …

Parkinson’s Foundation: Better Lives. Together.

Mar, 8th 2019 11:43 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Exercise is an important part of healthy living for everyone, however, for people with Parkinsons disease (PD) exercise is not only healthy, but a vital component to maintaining balance, mobility and daily living activities, along with a potential neuroprotective Something that protects neurons against damage, degeneration or apoptosis (programmed cell death).effect. The Parkinsons Foundation Quality Improvement Imitative studied exercise as part a Parkinson’s Outcomes Project study.

Every Center of Excellence agrees that they believe exercise is important to good outcomes in PD, and data supports that.Exercising enhances the sense of wellbeing, even across different disease stages and severities.There is a growing consensus among researchers about the short and long-term benefits of exercise for people with PD.

Symptom Management

Research has shown that exercise can improve gait, balance,tremor Involuntary shaking of the hands, arms, legs, jaw or tongue. The typical Parkinsons tremor is pill-rolling it looks like holding a pill between thumb and forefinger and continuously rolling it around. Some people report an internal tremor, a shaking sensation inside the chest, abdomen or limbs that cannot be seen. Most Parkinsons tremor is resting tremor, which lessens during sleep and when the body part is actively in use., flexibility, grip strength and motor coordination.Exercise such as treadmill training and biking have all been shown to benefit, along with Tai Chi An ancient Chinese martial art and exercise characterized by gentle, flowing movement couple with breathing. Has been shown to improve symptoms of PD. andyoga. So far, studies have shown:

One study showed that people with PD who exercised regularly for 2.5 hours a week had a smaller decline in mobility and quality of life over two years. Research is ongoing to discover therapies that will change the course of the disease.

There is a strong consensus among physicians and physical therapists that improved mobility by exercising may improve thinking, memory and reduce risk of falls. By avoiding complications from falls you can prevent further injury. At this time, we know that people who exercise vigorously, for example running or cycling, have fewer changes in their brains caused by aging. Studies in animals suggest exercise also improves PD symptoms.

Neurologists within the Parkinsons Foundation Center of Excellence network recommend a regimented exercise program to their patients and also to people who are worried about getting PD due to family connection.

What happens in the brain to produce these visible benefits? Researchers at the University of Southern California looked at the brains of mice that had exercised under conditions parallel to a human treadmill and discovered that:

Scientists at University of Pittsburgh found that in animal models, exercise induces and increases the beneficial neurotrophic factors, particularly GDNF (glial-derived neurotrophic factor), which reduces the vulnerability of dopamine neurons Brain cells. to damage.

At the molecular level, at least two things happen to make dopamine use more efficient:

They also studied the D2 receptor in a subset of the human subjects who were within one year of diagnosis and not on any medications, using an imaging technique called positron emission tomography (PET). They found that exercise increased the expression of D2 receptors in humans.

Many programs target the rapid gains that can be achieved through a focus on improvements in functional capacity and mobility. These programs vary according to different aspects of physical training. Examples of exercise programs for people with PD include:

Working Out with a Partner

Right now!Everyone should exercise more, whether they have PD or not.

In PD, a special kind ofneuron (brain cell) that produces the chemical transmitter dopamine gets damaged and lost.However, there is a lag between the time when neuron loss begins and when PD movement symptoms start to show. By the time most people are diagnosed, as much as 40 to 60 percent of their dopamine neurons are already gone. The reason people with PD dont experience symptoms until they reach this point is that the brain can compensate for the loss of dopamine neurons by adapting. In fact, the brain reshapes itself throughout life in response to experience. Scientists call this ability to change and compensate “experience-dependentneuroplasticity The brains ability to reorganize itself by forming new connections. This allows the brain to compensate for injury and disease and to respond to new situations and changes in the environment..”

Exercise Tips

To find exercise classes in your area call the Parkinsons Foundation Helpline at 1-800-4PD-INFO (473-4636).

Page reviewed by Dr. Bhavana Patel, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinsons Foundation Center of Excellence.

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Parkinson’s Foundation: Better Lives. Together.

14 Reasons You Can’t Lose Weight – mindbodygreen

Mar, 8th 2019 11:40 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Are you eating well and exercising, but your weight just won’t budge? Or it’s going up? Desperate attempts to lose weight can be so frustrating and create a real stress in our lives. In fact, I’ll go as far as saying that weight is the NUMBER ONE stress for women I know.

It’s a vicious cycle of trying to control what we eat, feeling like a failure because the scale doesn’t move, punishing ourselves for not being “more in control,” and then manifesting a huge amount of bodily stress that causes further havoc in our bodies. Then we binge or take our diet to an extreme (never healthy) and the cycle continues

Oh gosh Ive exhausted myself just typing that!

Our self-esteem is measured by what the scales say, right?

Of course not, but thats what I believed. Now I believe that when we are kinder to ourselves, and practice positive thinking, our body will start to work in our favor. And the weight will go down.

Of course its not thaat simple, but it’s the first part of being more in control of your own body weight.

And it doesn’t need to be such a stress! There is a way to live without worrying about your weight and watching everything that enters your mouth. Once we have the skills in place to find happiness and psychological wellbeing, healthy eating habits (and a healthy weight) will follow easily.

Here are 14 reasons you may be hitting the wall with your weight

1. Your hormones aren’t balanced.

If you are fatigued, suffer from PMS, experience irregular menstrual cycles, find it hard to lose weight, feel depressed or anxious, you may have a hormonal imbalance. Best to see a nutritionist or doctor who can support you and suggest certain tests that will confirm this so you can take appropriate action.

2. You’re not getting enough Vitamin D.

A huge number of the population have low Vitamin D, which is associated with weight gain and several metabolic processes. If you spend much of your life indoors, get your Vitamin D checked with your doctor.

3. You’re exercising, but not in a way thats benefiting your body!

You are either exercising too much or you need to mix it up a bit and give the body a bit of a shock. (Funnily enough, most people I see who over exercise tend to put on weight easily.) Enjoy a variety of workout techniques: weight training, Pilates, yoga and interval training. Quick and hard bursts are good. And weight training is very helpful to raise your metabolism.

4. Your digestion and absorption is not optimal.

You are not what you eat; you are what you digest and absorb! Our gut health will determine our overall wellbeing. The bacteria that lies in our gut helps us to fight disease, process our food, make nutrients and make hormones etc.

5. You’re sitting on your ass all day.

You’re not moving your body enough throughout the day, and your body does not like this. I understand some of your have office jobs and are tied to your desk, but is it possible to go for a few minute stroll every hour? Or walk 20 minutes to grab lunch?

6. You’re eating too much.

I’d love to be able to say you can eat as much healthy food as you like, but unfortunately this is just not the case. The body cannot cope with a lot of food at once. It’s vital to put good portions on your plate. (I usually say: of the plate should be protein, carbohydrate and veggies.) Fill that plate with your greens, my love, and eat 5 to 6 small meals a day. We must learn to listen to our bodies when it’s full and to stop eating! We all need to work on this.

7. You’re not chewing your food.

Chewing your food until it’s liquid will really help with weight loss and better digestive performance.

8. You’re stressed and not finding balance in your days.

Stress can impact your weight in a number of ways. Long term stress = high cortisol, which is linked to blood sugar imbalance and weight gain around the mid-section.

9. You’re not sleeping enough.

Sleep = repair. When your body gets enough rest, it’s able to perform.

10. You’re a fad dieter.

This is not way of life. I often ask people are you weight conscious or health conscious? They’re very different mentalities that foster very different choices.

11. You’re eating out too much and not cooking at home.

Trust me, you just dont know what that restaurant is using to cook your food. Assume they’re using the worst vegetable oils, heavy amounts of butter and oil, and poor-quality produce. Unless you’re dining at a place that claims healthy cooking and uses healthy produce, learn to love your kitchen!

12, You’re not adding protein to your plate.

Protein is the satiety macronutrient that helps us to balance out blood sugars and therefore helps to control our weight

13. You’re scared of good fats.

Don’t be! Good fats are so so important to your brain and for making hormones. (So you can imagine why many of those who suffer from hormonal imbalances usually eat a low-fat diet) and your heart. The body actually uses the good fats and they will help to lower your LDL cholesterol.

14. Your liver is sluggish and you need a good cleanse!

If you’re feeling low, tired, and moody and your diet contains alcohol, coffee and sugar, you need to give your body a break. When your liver is sluggish, it struggles to process substances/toxins/hormones efficiently and this leads to toxic build up and this will inevitably cause weight gain. You might benefit from a seasonal cleanse.

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14 Reasons You Can’t Lose Weight – mindbodygreen

Obesity and Weight Management | Hormone Health Network

Mar, 7th 2019 12:46 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

What is obesity?

Obesity is a chronic (long-term) medical problem of having too much body fat. Health care providers diagnose obesity using a number called the body mass index (BMI). Your BMI is calculated from your current height and weight. For most people, the higher their BMI, the more body fat they have. Some bodybuilders and athletes have high BMIs, but they have more muscle mass than average and are not considered obese.

Both overweight and obesity can make it more likely that you will develop serious complications. These problems include diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, gallstones, high cholesterol, gout, and many types of cancer. Obesity can even raises the risk of early death. Obesity also can make many other medical problems harder to treat.

Obesity is very complex and not just a simple problem of willpower or self-control. In general, it results from a combination of eating too much, getting too little physical activity, and genetics. Overweight or obesity occurs when, over time, the body takes in more calories than it burns. However, some people do gain weight more easily than others.

Another possible cause of obesity is a hormone imbalance, as in hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland) or Cushing’s syndrome. These are rare, though.

Some medications may cause weight gain, such as those used to treat diabetes, psychiatric illnesses, neurologic disorders, or inflammatory conditions. Your doctor may be able to suggest a different medication that has less effect on weight gain.

Our understanding of obesity is growing rapidly. For instance, we now know that fat cells, the gastrointestinal tract, and the brain produce many hormones that play an important role in how much you eat, how much energy (calories) you spend, and how much you will weigh.

There is no simple solution or a pill to cure obesity. However, there are effective treatments to help manage it. Obesity needs a long-term approach that combines diet, increased activity, and lifestyle changes.

Some obese patients may also benefit from weight loss medication or even bariatric (weight loss) surgery. Some people with health problems such as diabetes may need to be under a doctors care while they lose weight. They also may need a physical exam before they begin physical activity.

Endocrinologists, who are specialists in hormones and metabolism, can help assess the cause of your obesity and the possible complications. They also can direct how you should be treated, and prescribe and monitor your medications.

Dont expect overnight results with a weight loss plan. There are no quick fixes. Weight loss takes time. To start, aim to lose 510%of your weight. Even this small amount of weight loss can make a big difference in your risk for complications associated with obesity.To keep the weight off, you will need to make changes in diet and activity a part of your routine for the rest of your life.

These lifestyle changes are a good place to start:

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Obesity and Weight Management | Hormone Health Network

6. Obesity Management for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

Mar, 7th 2019 12:46 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

There is strong and consistent evidence that obesity management can delay progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes (1,2) and may be beneficial in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes, modest and sustained weight loss has been shown to improve glycemic control and to reduce the need for glucose-lowering medications (35). Small studies have demonstrated that in obese patients with type 2 diabetes more extreme dietary energy restriction with very low-calorie diets can reduce A1C to

In the Look AHEAD intensive lifestyle intervention group, mean weight loss was 4.7% (SE 0.2) at 8 years (10). Approximately 50% of intensive lifestyle intervention participants lost 5% and 27% lost 10% of their initial body weight at 8 years (10). Participants randomly assigned to the intensive lifestyle group achieved equivalent risk factor control but required fewer glucose-, blood pressure, and lipid-lowering medications than those randomly assigned to standard care. Secondary analyses of the Look AHEAD trial and other large cardiovascular outcome studies document other benefits of weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes, including improvements in mobility, physical and sexual functioning, and health-related quality of life (11). The goal of this section is to provide evidence-based recommendations for dietary, pharmacological, and surgical interventions for obesity management as treatments for hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes.

At each routine patient encounter, BMI should be calculated from the height and weight. BMI should be classified to determine the presence of overweight or obesity, discussed with the patient, and documented in the patient record (Table 6.1). In Asian Americans, the BMI cutoff points to define overweight and obesity are lower: normal (

Treatment for overweight and obesity in type 2 diabetes

Diet, physical activity, and behavioral therapy designed to achieve 5% weight loss should be prescribed for overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes ready to achieve weight loss. A

Such interventions should be high intensity (16 sessions in 6 months) and focus on diet, physical activity, and behavioral strategies to achieve a 500750 kcal/day energy deficit. A

Diets that provide the same caloric restriction but differ in protein, carbohydrate, and fat content are equally effective in achieving weight loss. A

For patients who achieve short-term weight loss goals, long-term (1-year) comprehensive weight maintenance programs should be prescribed. Such programs should provide at least monthly contact and encourage ongoing monitoring of body weight (weekly or more frequently), continued consumption of a reduced calorie diet, and participation in high levels of physical activity (200300 min/week). A

To achieve weight loss of >5%, short-term (3-month) high-intensity lifestyle interventions that use very low-calorie diets (800 kcal/day) and total meal replacements may be prescribed for carefully selected patients by trained practitioners in medical care settings with close medical monitoring. To maintain weight loss, such programs must incorporate long-term comprehensive weight maintenance counseling. B

Among overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes and inadequate glycemic, blood pressure and lipid control, and/or other obesity-related medical conditions, lifestyle changes that result in modest and sustained weight loss produce clinically meaningful reductions in blood glucose, A1C, and triglycerides (35). Greater weight loss produces even greater benefits, including reductions in blood pressure, improvements in LDL and HDL cholesterol, and reductions in the need for medications to control blood glucose, blood pressure, and lipids (9,10).

Weight loss can be attained with lifestyle programs that achieve a 500750 kcal/day energy deficit or provide approximately 1,2001,500 kcal/day for women and 1,5001,800 kcal/day for men, adjusted for the individuals baseline body weight. Although benefits may be seen with as little as 5% weight loss, sustained weight loss of 7% is optimal.

These diets may differ in the types of foods they restrict (such as high-fat or high-carbohydrate foods) but are effective if they create the necessary energy deficit (1316). The diet choice should be based on the patients health status and preferences.

Intensive behavioral lifestyle interventions should include 16 sessions in 6 months and focus on diet, physical activity, and behavioral strategies to achieve an 500750 kcal/day energy deficit. Interventions should be provided by trained interventionists in either individual or group sessions (17).

Overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes who have lost weight during the 6-month intensive behavioral lifestyle intervention should be enrolled in long-term (1-year) comprehensive weight loss maintenance programs that provide at least monthly contact with a trained interventionist and focus on ongoing monitoring of body weight (weekly or more frequently), continued consumption of a reduced calorie diet, and participation in high levels of physical activity (200300 min/week). Some commercial and proprietary weight loss programs have shown promising weight loss results (18).

When provided by trained practitioners in medical care settings with close medical monitoring, short-term (3-month) high-intensity lifestyle interventions that use very low-calorie diets (defined as 800 kcal/day) and total meal replacements may achieve greater short-term weight loss (1015%) than intensive behavioral lifestyle interventions that typically achieve 5% weight loss. Weight regain following the cessation of high-intensity lifestyle interventions is greater than following intensive behavioral lifestyle interventions unless a long-term comprehensive weight loss maintenance program is provided (19,20).

When choosing glucose-lowering medications for overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes, consider their effect on weight. E

Whenever possible, minimize the medications for comorbid conditions that are associated with weight gain. E

Weight loss medications may be effective as adjuncts to diet, physical activity, and behavioral counseling for selected patients with type 2 diabetes and BMI 27 kg/m2. Potential benefits must be weighed against the potential risks of the medications. A

If a patients response to weight loss medications is

When considering pharmacological treatments for overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes, providers should first consider their choice of glucose-lowering medications. Whenever possible, medications should be chosen to promote weight loss or to be weight neutral. Agents associated with weight loss include metformin, -glucosidase inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide 1 agonists, amylin mimetics, and sodiumglucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors appear to be weight neutral. Unlike these agents, insulin secretagogues, thiazolidinediones, and insulin have often been associated with weight gain (see Section 7 Approaches to Glycemic Treatment).

Providers should carefully review the patients concomitant medications and, whenever possible, minimize or provide alternatives for medications that promote weight gain. The latter include atypical antipsychotics (clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, etc.) and antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors), glucocorticoids, oral contraceptives that contain progestins, anticonvulsants including gabapentin, and a number of antihistamines and anticholinergics.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved five weight loss medications (or combination medications) for long-term use by patients with BMI 27 kg/m2 with one or more obesity-associated comorbid conditions and by patients with BMI 30 kg/m2 who are motivated to lose weight (2123). Medications approved for long-term weight loss and weight loss maintenance and their advantages and disadvantages are summarized in Table 6.2. The rationale for weight loss medications is to help patients to more consistently adhere to low-calorie diets and to reinforce lifestyle changes including physical activity. Providers should be knowledgeable about the product label and should balance the potential benefits of successful weight loss against the potential risks of the medication for each patient. All medications are FDA pregnancy category X. These medications are contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant. Women in their reproductive years must be cautioned to use a reliable method of contraception.

Medications approved by the FDA for the long-term treatment of obesity

Efficacy and safety should be assessed at least monthly for the first 3 months of treatment. If a patients response is deemed insufficient (weight loss

In general, pharmacological treatment of obesity has been limited by low adherence, modest efficacy, adverse effects, and weight regain after medication cessation (21).

Bariatric surgery may be considered for adults with BMI >35 kg/m2 and type 2 diabetes, especially if diabetes or associated comorbidities are difficult to control with lifestyle and pharmacological therapy. B

Patients with type 2 diabetes who have undergone bariatric surgery need lifelong lifestyle support and annual medical monitoring, at a minimum. B

Although small trials have shown a glycemic benefit of bariatric surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes and BMI 3035 kg/m2, there is currently insufficient evidence to generally recommend surgery in patients with BMI 35 kg/m2. E

Bariatric and metabolic surgeries, either gastric banding or procedures that involve resecting, bypassing, or transposing sections of the stomach and small intestine, can be effective weight loss treatments for severe obesity when performed as part of a comprehensive weight management program with lifelong lifestyle support and medical monitoring. In one meta-analysis, gastric banding resulted in less weight loss than sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (1-year excess weight loss 33% vs. 70%) (24). National guidelines support consideration of bariatric surgery for people with type 2 diabetes with BMI >35 kg/m2.

Treatment with bariatric surgery has been shown to achieve near or complete normalization of glycemia 2 years following surgery in 72% of patients (compared with 16% in a matched control group treated with lifestyle and pharmacological interventions) (25). A study evaluated the effectiveness of surgical intervention (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy) and medical therapy compared with medical therapy alone (quarterly visits, pharmacological therapy, self-monitoring of blood glucose, diabetes education, lifestyle counseling, and encouragement to participate in Weight Watchers) in achieving a target A1C 6% (42 mmol/mol) at 3 years among obese patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (mean A1C 9.3% [78 mmol/mol]). This A1C target was achieved by 38% (P

Younger age, shorter duration of type 2 diabetes, lower A1C, higher serum insulin levels, and nonuse of insulin have all been associated with higher remission rates after bariatric surgery (27).

Although bariatric surgery has been shown to improve the metabolic profiles of morbidly obese patients with type 1 diabetes, the role of bariatric surgery in such patients will require larger and longer studies (28).

Bariatric surgery is costly and has associated risks. Morbidity and mortality rates directly related to the surgery have decreased considerably in recent years, with 30-day mortality rates now 0.2% for laparoscopic procedures, similar to those for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and 2.1% for open procedures (29,30). Outcomes vary depending on the procedure and the experience of the surgeon and center. Longer-term concerns include dumping syndrome (nausea, colic, diarrhea), vitamin and mineral deficiencies, osteoporosis, and, rarely, severe hypoglycemia from insulin hypersecretion. More recent studies also suggest that patients who undergo bariatric surgery may be at increased risk for substance use, including drug and alcohol use and cigarette smoking (31). Cohort studies attempting to match surgical and nonsurgical subjects suggest that the procedure may reduce longer-term mortality (25).

In contrast, a propensity scoreadjusted analysis of older, severely obese patients in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers found that bariatric surgery was not associated with decreased mortality compared with usual care (mean follow-up 6.7 years) (32). Retrospective analyses and modeling studies suggest that bariatric surgery may be cost-effective or even cost-saving for patients with type 2 diabetes, but the results are largely dependent on assumptions about the long-term effectiveness and safety of the procedures (33,34). Understanding the long-term benefits and risks of bariatric surgery in individuals with type 2 diabetes, especially those who are not severely obese, will require well-designed clinical trials, with optimal medical therapy as the comparator (35). Unfortunately, such studies may not be feasible (36).

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6. Obesity Management for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

The Hidden Truth About Why Veganism … – Vegan Food Benefits

Mar, 7th 2019 12:46 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

The Rise of Why Veganism Is Bad for the Environment

Note that inside this list, there are not any animal foods. They happen to be the main source of vitamin B-12 which is necessary for the production of red blood cells in the human body. It is Testo Genesis advised to consume foods rich in vitamin C alongside iron-rich foods to raise the iron absorption within the body. After all, nutritious eating is the secret to healthier living but is it possibly why veganism is bad for the environment?

If you undergo the vegan diet in a sensible, well-planned fashion, you can rest assured that its both secure and healthy. A vegan diet is nutritious only as long as you obey a wholesome diet program. Vegetarian diet is also beneficial for healthier weight reduction. Vegetarian diet is not suggested for bodybuilders, as they call for a protein-rich diet, with the intention of raising muscle mass. Most importantly its an exact low-fat diet. To the contrary, a well-fed, nutrient-dense diet leads to a positive, happy state of mind.

Lets see for ourselves inside this report! Their life stories reflect several of the character traits related to this condition. Vegan diet books are easily obtainable almost everywhere which may help both the occasional eater as well as the enthusiast.

Be aware that excessive consumption of specific food items may also bring about health issues. It isnt contagious and doesnt cause considerable skin health issues. After a couple more details, we often hit upon the ideal menu idea! They key is to spot the decent fats and eat those, and cut back the terrible fats to a minimum.

Vegan living means your body is able to present its focus to restoring your well-being and looking beautiful again. Men and women are attracted to various people. Wellness Persons who have embraced veganism for a length period of time have amazing wellbeing, and rarely will need to see the physician. An ordinary person requires approx. Women on a raw vegan diet might have almost not one of these indicators. Because of this, it is essential for a vegan mother to visit a healthcare specialist to decrease the potential risks related to following this diet when pregnant and nursing. In addition, it has been observed that those infants also have been affected where the mother wasnt symptomatic in any respect.

Aside from being an alternate way of life, veganism is a great means to be healthy. Being a natural low-calorie plant-based diet, it is an ideal lifestyle choice for persons who wish to lose some excess weight. Many Vegans make the error of thinking they will automatically slim down just as they have given up meat. Should you be fortunate enough to be acquainted with a few vegans, you will probably observe they have several things in common. By comparison, there are those that are strict vegans for ethical, health, environmental, and a lot more reasons. Soy is now a rather popular item that naturalist eat in an assortment of means.

Eating excess fats leads to obesity, large blood pressure, and large cholesterol levels. Indeed, lowering cholesterol inside your body shouldnt ever pose as a major problem as there are countless ways available to assist you eliminate the terrible cholesterol. The shortage of this vitamin can cause anemia. Vegan vitamins can likewise be taken to supplement your diet should you feel youre lacking. In case you decide to have an individual supplement, you may want to consult your physician first. These nutrients arent found in big quantities in the vegetarian diet. The soil is a significant all-natural resource on earth.

Just because something touts itself as being vegan, doesnt necessarily indicate its helpful for your weight reduction objectives. You could have a couple of helpings of fruits each day. These 5 health benefits demonstrate that veganism will be worht pursuing. The most evident benefit of fast food is it saves time.

Substantial copper levels can likewise be initiated by long-term stress, a standard state for the Pyroluric. Possessing a sound understanding of the minerals and vitamins needed for a vegan diet shows others which youre not putting your child at risk and might even show friends and family a vegan diet isnt such a poor idea. Therefore, it gets easier to regulate the glucose levels in the body.

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The Hidden Truth About Why Veganism … – Vegan Food Benefits