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Where and how to buy HGH Injections Online from Wellness MGT corp.

25-09-2016 3:43 pm

Before you buy HGH injections online, its beneficial to gather information on the topic to make an informed decision about HGH. With so much data and speculation, it is easy to get lost in all the different terminologies and opinions about HGH injections. We are here to clear things up for you and make sure you arent being misled.

First comes the burning question, what is HGH? The human growth hormone is a messenger composed mainly of amino acids produced by the endocrine system, or pituitary gland to be more exact. HGHs main purposes are growth, respiration, and sexual function. It also regulates energy levels, glucose, insulin, metabolism, mental growth, the healing process, bone density, and more. It could very well be said that HGH is not optional for an active and healthy life.

Unfortunately, the organism creates less of this hormone as it ages, slowing down all of its functions. Luckily, HGH injections reverse this effect and naturally restore the level of HGH in the bloodstream.

HGH injections that we offer for sale can safely be injected into the bloodstream for immediate benefits. The compound goes to work right away, activating the pituitary gland which then reinstates the normal production of human growth hormone. Many symptoms of low HGH disappear in as little as one treatment cycle, and the effects of old age can be cured for good. For this reason when you buy HGH injections online it could be said that you are buying back your youth. HGH injections will bring miraculous effects such as the ones listed below:

Improving your health shouldnt be a strenuous task. With our services, its not! When you buy HGH injections online, you should be very careful about what you are buying and who you are buying it from. Many companies exist that run scams to cheat people out of their money and give them a product that is not really HGH.

Our company offers only certified products. The process by which you buy HGH injections online from us is 100% safe and legal. We are fully committed to helping you improve your health, with no ulterior motives in mind. Old age can wait, enjoy the benefits of HGH therapy now.

Wellness MGT corp. (954) 532 9942

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Where and how to buy HGH Injections Online from Wellness MGT corp.

Vegsource – Your source for all things vegan and vegetarian.

24-09-2016 10:43 pm

The Blog

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Janice Stanger, PhD, 09.23.2016

Enjoy No-oil Vegan Pesto, Spicy, Savory Peanut Sauce, and Savory Vegan Dinner Pie When my daughter Angela came to visit me, we wanted to spend a lot of relaxed time together. We had not seen each other in over a year, and…

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Michael Greger MD, 09.22.2016

Ciguatera is one of the most common forms of food poisoning, which occurs after the consumption of fish contaminated with neurotoxins produced by certain microalgae that build up the food chain. Just a few bites can be sufficient to induce the…

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Dustin Rudolph, PharmD, 03.31.2016

When I first switched to eating a healthier, plant-based diet I continued to eat fish. I believed I was doing my body good by doing this. After all, fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, and omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory effects…

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Jess Parsons, 11.30.2015

Shocking footage, as published on TV. And further unaired footage, from Farmwatch. Of course, it’s only shocking if you haven’t been paying attention. For decades, investigative psychic geniuses, I mean, animal activists like those at Farmwatch always manage to find the…

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Walter Jacobson, M.D., 08.16.2015

Make a commitment to truth, compassion, calm, acceptance and forgiveness. Put these into practice as best you can every day, unconditionally and without exceptions. If you do this consistently: happiness, health, relationships and material success will all improve. SCROLL DOWN TO SEE…

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Chef AJ, 07.16.2015

Dear Vegsource Friends, I am running an Indie Go Go campaign to raise funds to shoot 7 more episodes of Healthy Living with Chef AJ which airs on Foody TV. You can see the campaign and the various perks, such as…

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J Morris Hicks, 06.01.2015

Our Food Choices in the 21st Century Life began on our planet about four billion years ago. The human species emerged just 200,000 years ago. If you crammed those four billion years of history into one year, we’ve been here for just…

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Ellen Sheen, 02.06.2015

After all these years, I’m still a girl who would rather make it herself than buy it. First, it’s cheaper! And second, you know exactly what is in it. So when my oldest kiddo was sick and requested noodle soup, I took…

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Christie Mitchell Beck MD OB-GYN, 02.01.2015

It’s been less than a month, but Kickstart Your Health Little Rock has already made huge strides in helping our city get healthy and feel good! Now, it’s still not too late to sign up for the free and fun 21-day healthy…

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Pam Popper PhD, 04.07.2014

The Diet and Lifestyle Intervention Course begins Weds June 4! Instructors include Dr. Neal Barnard, Dr. Caldwell Essestyn, Dr. John McDougall, Dr. Ralph Moss, Dr. Pam Popper, and many others. Topics include intense study of plant-based nutrition and disease treatment, with specific…

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Sarah Taylor, 02.06.2014

I know many people made a New Years Resolution to go vegan. And I also know that, around this time of year, many resolutions are broken. So, I wanted to write to those of you who may be struggling, and offer up…

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Dr. Will Tuttle, 12.24.2013

I am the Vegan Activist I am the vegan activist, My heart filled with the wish to relieve the hideous suffering Mysteriously inflicted on animals seen as food. Rising early, sitting in silence every day, listening within, opening… dilating…. I am…

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Vegparadise Blog, 10.07.2013

In this era where so many kids and families struggle with obesity, it is unconscionable for a library to offer any kind of food as a reading incentive and act as an advertising agent for a food company. It is also unconscionable…

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Vegsource – Your source for all things vegan and vegetarian.

Vegan Lunch Box

24-09-2016 10:43 pm

John Robbins was one of the first inspirational figures in my young adult life. His book Diet for a New Americahelped shape me into a young vegetarian and environmental activist, and as I’ve continued on through my life, his light has continued to shine and point me towards a life of greater compassion and kindness. Most recently, his books Healthy at 100and The New Good Life, have helped me to believe that it is possible to live a life of simplicity, purpose, health, and joy well into your later years.

So I was excited to hear about the free Food Revolution Summit happening this month, where John Robbins will be personally interviewing 21 people who are “leaders in movements for healthy, sustainable, humane and delicious food”. The guests include a bunch of names I’m sure you’ll recognize if you’re part of the vegan/plant-based movement: Dr. Joel Fuhrman (one of my heroes interviewing another one of my heroes, I can’t wait!), Dr. T. Colin Campbell, Dr. Neal Barnard, Dr. Dean Ornish, Morgan Spurlock, Gene Baur, Rory Freedman, and more.

From April 28-May 6 there will be three interviews broadcast daily, and you can listen for free. You can get more info on the summit speakers and register at

Here’s some more info from their website:

The summit will include focus on the latest thinking on preventing and reversing heart disease, cancer and diabetes; the truth about GMOs, soy, raw foods, and grass-fed beef; the social, ethical and environmental impact of what you eat; and how to inspire your family to join you in making healthy choices.

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Vegan Lunch Box

South Beach Diet | 21-Day Diet Meal Plan to Lose Weight

24-09-2016 10:42 pm

Save 35% with Auto-Delivery!

Auto-Delivery is the best choice if you have more than 10 pounds to lose. With our auto-delivery option, you will receive a special discount off the regular one-time rate plus free shipping (Continental U.S.) with every consecutive order. You can cancel at any time by calling 1-888-841-2620. If you cancel within the first 7 days, you can return the remaining food to us for a full refund, less return shipping. If you cancel after the first 7 days and prior to paying for your second shipment, your payment method will credit South Beach Diet for $99, just part of the auto-delivery discount received on your first shipment.

PLUS Save $50 on your next shipment! We want to help you reach your goals. So, if you choose to receive your next 21-Day Phase 2 shipment, we’ll lower your price by $50! And we’ll keep that same price for as long as you stay on the South Beach Diet program. For real! Lose more, Save more. It’s a great win, win!

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South Beach Diet | 21-Day Diet Meal Plan to Lose Weight

HCG Maintenence Phase 3: Tips on getting started on P3 …

24-09-2016 10:42 pm

So you made it through the HCG Protocol. YEA!

CONGRATULATE yourself for getting this far. Acknowledge yourself for getting here; it is quite an accomplishment. You rocked it! You may have lost 10-15 or even 20 pounds in a short time, which is amazing. Perhaps you have more to go in your next round, but do not concern yourself with that now. Simply appreciate how far you have come, and stay focused on each round, and on each phase that you are in. For NOW, it is time to learn how to do P3.

Most of us are scared when starting P3. No one wants to get this far just to gain their weight back, AGAIN. Get support. This would be a great time to get some therapy, join an exercise or fitness program, or join a 12 step group. Whatever you can do to support your new lifestyle and your changing relationship to your food and your body is great. It is important to deal with the core issues of emotional eating and addiction in order to maintain your new body for a lifetime.

In addition to getting support, my biggest and most important advice for P3 is this: BE REALLY REALLY STRICT. Super strict. Stricter. No cheating. These next 3-6 weeks will stabilize your weight. It is what makes HCG distinct from other diets, and what makes this a game changer. YOU WILL GAIN WEIGHT very quickly in the first three weeks if you cheat!

You have changed and reset your metabolism. You have created a clean slate for yourself. SOLIDIFY the hard work you have done. GIVE yourself these next 6 weeks and more to really change your relationship to your weight permanently. Everything else in your life will be there when you complete, including all of your favorite foods, so keep making this your NUMBER ONE priority. P3 might be easier for you than VCLD was, but it still takes focus, discipline, assertiveness with friends, and constant vigilance. Just remember that it is not forever, and that the results can last a lifetime if you take on these behaviors, and if you follow the given structure and protocol.

Before you start P3

During P3

Keep in mind that your only goal in P3 and P4 is to stabilize your weight. That is your mantra for the next 6 weeks. It is NOT to eat all the foods you want NOR is it to try to lose more weight.

The first two days after you stop taking HCG, stay on the VCLD. STAY STRICT and stick with the protocol. You WILL gain weight if you dont. And remember, you might lose weight on those last two days, but that weight will very likely come right back when you start eating, so your LIW weight is the weight that you want to maintain.

Your weight might fluctuate often and alot in P3. This is OK. However, be very strict with it. If your weight hits that 2 pounds above LIW weight, do a steak day or an apple day THAT very day. DO NOT WAIT. I rarely do steak days because any time I reach 1.5 pounds above my LIW weight I do an avoid a steak day. I wrote up some ideas on how to avoid a steak day in another blog post on my site.

I do not recommend eating the full amount of calories on your first days in P3. My first attempt at P3 I ate a normal portion of food, and I have seen others who did the same, and we all gained weight immediately. In addition, it didnt feel good because I really wasnt very hungry. I backed up, lowered my calorie intake, and then increased slowly. In this manner, I was able to maintain my weight exactly at my LIW throughout all of P3 & P4 and beyond.

YOU might be different! Keep in mind that what I offer here are just suggestions that have worked for me and some of the people that I have supported. Maintenance is definitely a process of trial and error, so keep exploring what works for you.

TIPS that works really well to keep your LIW solid:

Increase your calories slowly. I have found that this plan works well:

Day 1 & 2: 700-900 calories at most, eat to satisfy your hunger only. Do not fill up or overfill yourself. you might not be very hunger at all! Day 3 & 4: 900 1100 calories at most (if you havent gained weight, if you have, eat less) Day 5- 6: Build up to about 1200-1400 calories. (if you havent gained, if you have, eat less) Day 7-10: Build up to an average of 1400-1800 calories, depending on your own metabolism and activity level.

I do not know what YOUR body can handle. I know that for me, an average of 1550 maintains my weight, however I am 56 and in menopause. You will likely be able to eat more. I have an occasional day of 1700 2000 calories or more, but then other days I eat about 1400 calories or so. Simply pay close attention to what does and doesnt work for YOU, and just find that sweet spot.

On any day you gain weight, cut back a small amount the next day. Find the right amount of calories that you should average, in order to maintain your weight.

By the middle of week 2 you should have found the right amount of food to eat for maintenance. It is very important that you do NOT restrict your eating or you will get back into the same situation you were in that brought you to HCG in the first place. Starvation will cause your metabolism to slow down. Be conscientious about building up to a healthy amount of calories for your age and body type. Keep in mind that you are setting a template for yourself during this time period, so be sure to lay a good foundation.

In week 3, you might try adding 1 or 2 very safe cautionary foods, however, it is best to test foods by trying one serving of one food item in a day. Note which foods make you gain or lose weight. Be sure to alternate what you eat.

This is me 7 months after completing my first round of HCG and 6 weeks of maintenance. I lost about 15 pounds and have kept it off. THANK YOU to HCG!

After awhile, you may decide that staying within 2 pounds of your LIW is too hard to maintain. You may decide to give yourself a bigger leeway, many HCGers do. But I suggest that at first you remain very close to your LIW. If after p3 and p4 you want more wiggle room, that is OK. In the beginning however, it is important to keep your body, your food intake, and your weight on a tight rein in order for to accept this huge change and to allow yourself to adapt to your new weight and metabolism.

Be sure to try lots of yummy P3 recipes. There is so much creative and yummy stuff to be found on the internet. Pinterest is the best, but there are wonderful recipes all over the web. Free! There is really no need to buy more books because you can find everything you need in digital format.

Good luck with P3! Enjoy the exploration, enjoy your new body, and enjoy the freedom you are creating for yourself in your relationship to food.

~Inspired Girl

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HCG Maintenence Phase 3: Tips on getting started on P3 …

Ageing – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

23-09-2016 12:45 pm

Ageing, also spelled aging, is the process of becoming older. The term refers especially to human beings, many animals, and fungi, whereas for example bacteria, perennial plants and some simple animals are potentially immortal. In the broader sense, ageing can refer to single cells within an organism which have ceased dividing (cellular senescence) or to the population of a species (population ageing).

In humans, ageing represents the accumulation of changes in a human being over time,[1] encompassing physical, psychological, and social change. Reaction time, for example, may slow with age, while knowledge of world events and wisdom may expand. Ageing is among the greatest known risk factors for most human diseases:[2] of the roughly 150,000 people who die each day across the globe, about two thirds die from age-related causes.

The causes of ageing are unknown; current theories are assigned to the damage concept, whereby the accumulation of damage (such as DNA breaks or oxidised DNA) may cause biological systems to fail, or to the programmed ageing concept, whereby internal processes (such as DNA telomere shortening) may cause ageing. Programmed ageing should not be confused with programmed cell death (apoptosis).

The discovery, in 1934, that calorie restriction can extend lifespan by 50% in rats has motivated research into delaying and preventing ageing.

Human beings and members of other species, especially animals, necessarily experience ageing and mortality. Fungi, too, can age.[3] In contrast, many species can be considered immortal: for example, bacteria fission to produce daughter cells, strawberry plants grow runners to produce clones of themselves, and animals in the genus Hydra have a regenerative ability with which they avoid dying of old age.

Early life forms on Earth, starting at least 3.7 billion years ago,[4] were single-celled organisms. Such single-celled organisms (prokaryotes, protozoans, algae) multiply by fissioning into daughter cells, thus do not age and are innately immortal.[5][6]

Ageing and mortality of the individual organism became possible with the evolution of sexual reproduction,[7] which occurred with the emergence of the fungal/animal kingdoms approximately a billion years ago, and with the evolution of flowering plants 160 million years ago. The sexual organism could henceforth pass on some of its genetic material to produce new individuals and itself could become disposable with regards to the survival of its species.[7] This classic biological idea has however been perturbed recently by the discovery that the bacterium E. coli may split into distinguishable daughter cells, which opens the theoretical possibility of “age classes” among bacteria.[8]

Even within humans and other mortal species, there are cells with the potential for immortality: cancer cells which have lost the ability to die when maintained in cell culture such as the HeLa cell line,[9] and specific stem cells such as germ cells (producing ova and spermatozoa).[10] In artificial cloning, adult cells can be rejuvenated back to embryonic status and then used to grow a new tissue or animal without ageing.[11] Normal human cells however die after about 50 cell divisions in laboratory culture (the Hayflick Limit, discovered by Leonard Hayflick in 1961).[9]

A number of characteristic ageing symptoms are experienced by a majority or by a significant proportion of humans during their lifetimes.

Dementia becomes more common with age.[31] About 3% of people between the ages of 6574 have dementia, 19% between 75 and 84 and nearly half of those over 85 years of age.[32] The spectrum includes mild cognitive impairment and the neurodegenerative diseases of Alzheimer’s disease, cerebrovascular disease, Parkinson’s disease and Lou Gehrig’s disease. Furthermore, many types of memory may decline with ageing, but not semantic memory or general knowledge such as vocabulary definitions, which typically increases or remains steady until late adulthood[33] (see Ageing brain). Intelligence may decline with age, though the rate may vary depending on the type and may in fact remain steady throughout most of the lifespan, dropping suddenly only as people near the end of their lives. Individual variations in rate of cognitive decline may therefore be explained in terms of people having different lengths of life.[34] There might be changes to the brain: after 20 years of age there may be a 10% reduction each decade in the total length of the brain’s myelinated axons.[35][36]

Age can result in visual impairment, whereby non-verbal communication is reduced,[37] which can lead to isolation and possible depression. Macular degeneration causes vision loss and increases with age, affecting nearly 12% of those above the age of 80.[38] This degeneration is caused by systemic changes in the circulation of waste products and by growth of abnormal vessels around the retina.[39]

A distinction can be made between “proximal ageing” (age-based effects that come about because of factors in the recent past) and “distal ageing” (age-based differences that can be traced back to a cause early in person’s life, such as childhood poliomyelitis).[34]

Ageing is among the greatest known risk factors for most human diseases.[2] Of the roughly 150,000 people who die each day across the globe, about two thirds100,000 per daydie from age-related causes. In industrialised nations, the proportion is higher, reaching 90%.[40][41][42]

At present, researchers are only just beginning to understand the biological basis of ageing even in relatively simple and short-lived organisms such as yeast.[43] Less still is known about mammalian ageing, in part due to the much longer lives in even small mammals such as the mouse (around 3 years). A primary model organism for studying ageing is the nematode C. elegans, thanks to its short lifespan of 23 weeks, the ability to easily perform genetic manipulations or suppress gene activity with RNA interference, and other factors.[44] Most known mutations and RNA interference targets that extend lifespan were first discovered in C. elegans.[45]

Factors that are proposed to influence biological ageing[46] fall into two main categories, programmed and damage-related. Programmed factors follow a biological timetable, perhaps a continuation of the one that regulates childhood growth and development. This regulation would depend on changes in gene expression that affect the systems responsible for maintenance, repair and defence responses. Damage-related factors include internal and environmental assaults to living organisms that induce cumulative damage at various levels.[47]

There are three main metabolic pathways which can influence the rate of ageing:

It is likely that most of these pathways affect ageing separately, because targeting them simultaneously leads to additive increases in lifespan.[49]

The rate of ageing varies substantially across different species, and this, to a large extent, is genetically based. For example, numerous perennial plants ranging from strawberries and potatoes to willow trees typically produce clones of themselves by vegetative reproduction and are thus potentially immortal, while annual plants such as wheat and watermelons die each year and reproduce by sexual reproduction. In 2008 it was discovered that inactivation of only two genes in the annual plant Arabidopsis thaliana leads to its conversion into a potentially immortal perennial plant.[50]

Clonal immortality apart, there are certain species whose individual lifespans stand out among Earth’s life-forms, including the bristlecone pine at 5062 years[51] (however Hayflick states that the bristlecone pine has no cells older than 30 years), invertebrates like the hard clam (known as quahog in New England) at 508 years,[52] the Greenland shark at 400 years,[53] fish like the sturgeon and the rockfish, and the sea anemone[54] and lobster.[55][56] Such organisms are sometimes said to exhibit negligible senescence.[57] The genetic aspect has also been demonstrated in studies of human centenarians.

In laboratory settings, researchers have demonstrated that selected alterations in specific genes can extend lifespan quite substantially in yeast and roundworms, less so in fruit flies and less again in mice. Some of the targeted genes have homologues across species and in some cases have been associated with human longevity.[58]

Caloric restriction substantially affects lifespan in many animals, including the ability to delay or prevent many age-related diseases.[99] Typically, this involves caloric intake of 6070% of what an ad libitum animal would consume, while still maintaining proper nutrient intake.[99] In rodents, this has been shown to increase lifespan by up to 50%;[100] similar effects occur for yeast and Drosophila.[99] No lifespan data exist for humans on a calorie-restricted diet,[72] but several reports support protection from age-related diseases.[101][102] Two major ongoing studies on rhesus monkeys initially revealed disparate results; while one study, by the University of Wisconsin, showed that caloric restriction does extend lifespan,[103] the second study, by the National Institute on Ageing (NIA), found no effects of caloric restriction on longevity.[104] Both studies nevertheless showed improvement in a number of health parameters. Notwithstanding the similarly low calorie intake, the diet composition differed between the two studies (notably a high sucrose content in the Wisconsin study), and the monkeys have different origins (India, China), initially suggesting that genetics and dietary composition, not merely a decrease in calories, are factors in longevity.[72] However, in a comparative analysis in 2014, the Wisconsin researchers found that the allegedly non-starved NIA control monkeys in fact are moderately underweight when compared with other monkey populations, and argued this was due to the NIA’s apportioned feeding protocol in contrast to Wisconsin’s truly unrestricted ad libitum feeding protocol. [105] They conclude that moderate calorie restriction rather than extreme calorie restriction is sufficient to produce the observed health and longevity benefits in the studied rhesus monkeys.[106]

In his book How and Why We Age, Hayflick says that caloric restriction may not be effective in humans, citing data from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging which shows that being thin does not favour longevity.[need quotation to verify][107] Similarly, it is sometimes claimed that moderate obesity in later life may improve survival, but newer research has identified confounding factors such as weight loss due to terminal disease. Once these factors are accounted for, the optimal body weight above age 65 corresponds to a leaner body mass index of 23 to 27.[108]

Alternatively, the benefits of dietary restriction can also be found by changing the macro nutrient profile to reduce protein intake without any changes to calorie level, resulting in similar increases in longevity.[109][110] Dietary protein restriction not only inhibits mTOR activity but also IGF-1, two mechanisms implicated in ageing.[70] Specifically, reducing leucine intake is sufficient to inhibit mTOR activity, achievable through reducing animal food consumption.[111][112]

The Mediterranean diet is credited with lowering the risk of heart disease and early death.[113][114] The major contributors to mortality risk reduction appear to be a higher consumption of vegetables, fish, fruits, nuts and monounsaturated fatty acids, i.e., olive oil.[115]

The amount of sleep has an impact on mortality. People who live the longest report sleeping for six to seven hours each night.[116][117] Lack of sleep (9 hours) is associated with a doubling of the risk of death, though not primarily from cardiovascular disease.[118] Sleeping more than 7 to 8 hours per day has been consistently associated with increased mortality, though the cause is probably other factors such as depression and socioeconomic status, which would correlate statistically.[119] Sleep monitoring of hunter-gatherer tribes from Africa and from South America has shown similar sleep patterns across continents: their average sleeping duration is 6.4 hours (with a summer/winter difference of 1 hour), afternoon naps (siestas) are uncommon, and insomnia is very rare (tenfold less than in industrial societies).[120]

Physical exercise may increase life expectancy.[121] People who participate in moderate to high levels of physical exercise have a lower mortality rate compared to individuals who are not physically active.[122] Moderate levels of exercise have been correlated with preventing aging and improving quality of life by reducing inflammatory potential.[123] The majority of the benefits from exercise are achieved with around 3500 metabolic equivalent (MET) minutes per week.[124] For example, climbing stairs 10 minutes, vacuuming 15 minutes, gardening 20 minutes, running 20 minutes, and walking or bicycling for 25 minutes on a daily basis would together achieve about 3000 MET minutes a week.[124]

Avoidance of chronic stress (as opposed to acute stress) is associated with a slower loss of telomeres in most but not all studies,[125][126] and with decreased cortisol levels. A chronically high cortisol level compromises the immune system, causes cardiac damage/arterosclerosis and is associated with facial ageing, and the latter in turn is a marker for increased morbidity and mortality.[127][128] Stress can be countered by social connection, spirituality, and (for men more clearly than for women) married life, all of which are associated with longevity.[129][130][131]

The following drugs and interventions have been shown to retard or reverse the biological effects of ageing in animal models, but none has yet been proven to do so in humans.

Evidence in both animals and humans suggests that resveratrol may be a caloric restriction mimetic.[132]

As of 2015 metformin was under study for its potential effect on slowing ageing in the worm C.elegans and the cricket.[133] Its effect on otherwise healthy humans is unknown.[133]

Rapamycin was first shown to extend lifespan in eukaryotes in 2006 by Powers et al. who showed a dose-responsive effect of rapamycin on lifespan extension in yeast cells.[134] In a 2009 study, the lifespans of mice fed rapamycin were increased between 28 and 38% from the beginning of treatment, or 9 to 14% in total increased maximum lifespan. Of particular note, the treatment began in mice aged 20 months, the equivalent of 60 human years.[135] Rapamycin has subsequently been shown to extend mouse lifespan in several separate experiments,[136][137] and is now being tested for this purpose in nonhuman primates (the marmoset monkey).[138]

Cancer geneticist Ronald A. DePinho and his colleagues published research in mice where telomerase activity was first genetically removed. Then, after the mice had prematurely aged, they restored telomerase activity by reactivating the telomerase gene. As a result, the mice were rejuvenated: Shrivelled testes grew back to normal and the animals regained their fertility. Other organs, such as the spleen, liver, intestines and brain, recuperated from their degenerated state. “[The finding] offers the possibility that normal human ageing could be slowed by reawakening the enzyme in cells where it has stopped working” says Ronald DePinho. However, activating telomerase in humans could potentially encourage the growth of tumours.[139]

Most known genetic interventions in C. elegans increase lifespan by 1.5 to 2.5-fold. As of 2009[update], the record for lifespan extension in C. elegans is a single-gene mutation which increases adult survival by tenfold.[45] The strong conservation of some of the mechanisms of ageing discovered in model organisms imply that they may be useful in the enhancement of human survival. However, the benefits may not be proportional; longevity gains are typically greater in C. elegans than fruit flies, and greater in fruit flies than in mammals. One explanation for this is that mammals, being much longer-lived, already have many traits which promote lifespan.[45]

Some research effort is directed to slow ageing and extend healthy lifespan.[140][141][142]

The US National Institute on Aging currently funds an intervention testing programme, whereby investigators nominate compounds (based on specific molecular ageing theories) to have evaluated with respect to their effects on lifespan and age-related biomarkers in outbred mice.[143] Previous age-related testing in mammals has proved largely irreproducible, because of small numbers of animals and lax mouse husbandry conditions.[citation needed] The intervention testing programme aims to address this by conducting parallel experiments at three internationally recognised mouse ageing-centres, the Barshop Institute at UTHSCSA, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and the Jackson Laboratory.

Several companies and organisations, such as Google Calico, Human Longevity, Craig Venter, Gero,[144]SENS Research Foundation, and Science for Life Extension in Russia,[145] declared stopping or delaying ageing as their goal.

Prizes for extending lifespan and slowing ageing in mammals exist. The Methuselah Foundation offers the Mprize. Recently, the $1 Million Palo Alto Longevity Prize was launched. It is a research incentive prize to encourage teams from all over the world to compete in an all-out effort to “hack the code” that regulates our health and lifespan. It was founded by Joon Yun.[146][147][148][149][150]

Different cultures express age in different ways. The age of an adult human is commonly measured in whole years since the day of birth. Arbitrary divisions set to mark periods of life may include: juvenile (via infancy, childhood, preadolescence, adolescence), early adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood. More casual terms may include “teenagers,” “tweens,” “twentysomething”, “thirtysomething”, etc. as well as “vicenarian”, “tricenarian”, “quadragenarian”, etc.

Most legal systems define a specific age for when an individual is allowed or obliged to do particular activities. These age specifications include voting age, drinking age, age of consent, age of majority, age of criminal responsibility, marriageable age, age of candidacy, and mandatory retirement age. Admission to a movie for instance, may depend on age according to a motion picture rating system. A bus fare might be discounted for the young or old. Each nation, government and non-governmental organisation has different ways of classifying age. In other words, chronological ageing may be distinguished from “social ageing” (cultural age-expectations of how people should act as they grow older) and “biological ageing” (an organism’s physical state as it ages).[151]

In a UNFPA report about ageing in the 21st century, it highlighted the need to “Develop a new rights-based culture of ageing and a change of mindset and societal attitudes towards ageing and older persons, from welfare recipients to active, contributing members of society.”[152] UNFPA said that this “requires, among others, working towards the development of international human rights instruments and their translation into national laws and regulations and affirmative measures that challenge age discrimination and recognise older people as autonomous subjects.”[152] Older persons make contributions to society including caregiving and volunteering. For example, “A study of Bolivian migrants who [had] moved to Spain found that 69% left their children at home, usually with grandparents. In rural China, grandparents care for 38% of children aged under five whose parents have gone to work in cities.”[152]

Population ageing is the increase in the number and proportion of older people in society. Population ageing has three possible causes: migration, longer life expectancy (decreased death rate) and decreased birth rate. Ageing has a significant impact on society. Young people tend to have fewer legal privileges (if they are below the age of majority), they are more likely to push for political and social change, to develop and adopt new technologies, and to need education. Older people have different requirements from society and government, and frequently have differing values as well, such as for property and pension rights.[153]

In the 21st century, one of the most significant population trends is ageing.[154] Currently, over 11% of the world’s current population are people aged 60 and older and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) estimates that by 2050 that number will rise to approximately 22%.[152] Ageing has occurred due to development which has enabled better nutrition, sanitation, health care, education and economic well-being. Consequently, fertility rates have continued to decline and life expectancy have risen. Life expectancy at birth is over 80 now in 33 countries. Ageing is a “global phenomenon,” that is occurring fastest in developing countries, including those with large youth populations, and poses social and economic challenges to the work which can be overcome with “the right set of policies to equip individuals, families and societies to address these challenges and to reap its benefits.”[155]

As life expectancy rises and birth rates decline in developed countries, the median age rises accordingly. According to the United Nations, this process is taking place in nearly every country in the world.[156] A rising median age can have significant social and economic implications, as the workforce gets progressively older and the number of old workers and retirees grows relative to the number of young workers. Older people generally incur more health-related costs than do younger people in the workplace and can also cost more in worker’s compensation and pension liabilities.[157] In most developed countries an older workforce is somewhat inevitable. In the United States for instance, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that one in four American workers will be 55 or older by 2020.[157]

Among the most urgent concerns of older persons worldwide is income security. This poses challenges for governments with ageing populations to ensure investments in pension systems continues in order to provide economic independence and reduce poverty in old age. These challenges vary for developing and developed countries. UNFPA stated that, “Sustainability of these systems is of particular concern, particularly in developed countries, while social protection and old-age pension coverage remain a challenge for developing countries, where a large proportion of the labour force is found in the informal sector.”[152]

The global economic crisis has increased financial pressure to ensure economic security and access to health care in old age. In order to elevate this pressure “social protection floors must be implemented in order to guarantee income security and access to essential health and social services for all older persons and provide a safety net that contributes to the postponement of disability and prevention of impoverishment in old age.”[152]

It has been argued that population ageing has undermined economic development.[158] Evidence suggests that pensions, while making a difference to the well-being of older persons, also benefit entire families especially in times of crisis when there may be a shortage or loss of employment within households. A study by the Australian Government in 2003 estimated that “women between the ages of 65 and 74 years contribute A$16 billion per year in unpaid caregiving and voluntary work. Similarly, men in the same age group contributed A$10 billion per year.”[152]

Due to increasing share of the elderly in the population, health care expenditures will continue to grow relative to the economy in coming decades. This has been considered as a negative phenomenon and effective strategies like labour productivity enhancement should be considered to deal with negative consequences of ageing.[159]

In the field of sociology and mental health, ageing is seen in five different views: ageing as maturity, ageing as decline, ageing as a life-cycle event, ageing as generation, and ageing as survival.[160] Positive correlates with ageing often include economics, employment, marriage, children, education, and sense of control, as well as many others. The social science of ageing includes disengagement theory, activity theory, selectivity theory, and continuity theory. Retirement, a common transition faced by the elderly, may have both positive and negative consequences.[161] As cyborgs currently are on the rise some theorists argue there is a need to develop new definitions of ageing and for instance a bio-techno-social definition of ageing has been suggested.[162]

With age inevitable biological changes occur that increase the risk of illness and disability. UNFPA states that,[155]

“A life-cycle approach to health care one that starts early, continues through the reproductive years and lasts into old age is essential for the physical and emotional well-being of older persons, and, indeed, all people. Public policies and programmes should additionally address the needs of older impoverished people who cannot afford health care.”

Many societies in Western Europe and Japan have ageing populations. While the effects on society are complex, there is a concern about the impact on health care demand. The large number of suggestions in the literature for specific interventions to cope with the expected increase in demand for long-term care in ageing societies can be organised under four headings: improve system performance; redesign service delivery; support informal caregivers; and shift demographic parameters.[163]

However, the annual growth in national health spending is not mainly due to increasing demand from ageing populations, but rather has been driven by rising incomes, costly new medical technology, a shortage of health care workers and informational asymmetries between providers and patients.[164] A number of health problems become more prevalent as people get older. These include mental health problems as well as physical health problems, especially dementia.

It has been estimated that population ageing only explains 0.2 percentage points of the annual growth rate in medical spending of 4.3% since 1970. In addition, certain reforms to the Medicare system in the United States decreased elderly spending on home health care by 12.5% per year between 1996 and 2000.[165]

Positive self-perception of health has been correlated with higher well-being and reduced mortality in the elderly.[166][167] Various reasons have been proposed for this association; people who are objectively healthy may naturally rate their health better than that of their ill counterparts, though this link has been observed even in studies which have controlled for socioeconomic status, psychological functioning and health status.[168] This finding is generally stronger for men than women,[167] though this relationship is not universal across all studies and may only be true in some circumstances.[168]

As people age, subjective health remains relatively stable, even though objective health worsens.[169] In fact, perceived health improves with age when objective health is controlled in the equation.[170] This phenomenon is known as the “paradox of ageing.” This may be a result of social comparison;[171] for instance, the older people get, the more they may consider themselves in better health than their same-aged peers.[172] Elderly people often associate their functional and physical decline with the normal ageing process.[173][174]

The concept of successful ageing can be traced back to the 1950s and was popularised in the 1980s. Traditional definitions of successful ageing have emphasised absence of physical and cognitive disabilities.[175] In their 1987 article, Rowe and Kahn characterised successful ageing as involving three components: a) freedom from disease and disability, b) high cognitive and physical functioning, and c) social and productive engagement.[176]

The ancient Greek dramatist Euripides (5th century BC) describes the multiply-headed mythological monster Hydra as having a regenerative capacity which makes it immortal, which is the historical background to the name of the biological genus Hydra. The Book of Job (c. 6th century BC) describes human lifespan as inherently limited and makes a comparison with the innate immortality that a felled tree may have when undergoing vegetative regeneration.[177]

More here:
Ageing – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

How the world could better fight obesity | McKinsey & Company

23-09-2016 12:43 pm

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If the prevalence of obesity continues on its rising trend, almost half of the worlds adult population could be overweight or obese by 2030, imposing even greater personal, social, and economic costs. Effectively combating obesity around the world may require a comprehensive strategy of 44 interventions as part of a potential Obesity Abatement Program.

Obesity is a critical global issue that requires a comprehensive, international intervention strategy. More than 2.1 billion peoplenearly 30 percent of the global populationare overweight or obese. That’s almost two and a half times the number of adults and children who are undernourished. Obesity is responsible for about 5 percent of all deaths a year worldwide, and its global economic impact amounts to roughly $2 trillion annually, or 2.8 percent of global GDPnearly equivalent to the global impact of smoking or of armed violence, war, and terrorism.


MGIs Richard Dobbs and Corinne Sawers discuss how a holistic strategy, using a number of interventions, could reverse rising rates of obesity around the world.

And the problemwhich is preventableis rapidly getting worse. If the prevalence of obesity continues on its current trajectory, almost half of the world’s adult population will be overweight or obese by 2030.

Much of the global debate on this issue has become polarized and sometimes deeply antagonistic. Obesity is a complex, systemic issue with no single or simple solution. The global discord surrounding how to move forward underscores the need for integrated assessments of potential solutions. Lack of progress on these fronts is obstructing efforts to address rising rates of obesity.

A new McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) discussion paper, Overcoming obesity: An initial economic analysis, seeks to overcome these hurdles by offering an independent view on the components of a potential strategy. MGI has studied 74 interventions (in 18 areas) that are being discussed or piloted somewhere around the world to address obesity, including subsidized school meals for all, calorie and nutrition labeling, restrictions on advertising high-calorie food and drinks, and public-health campaigns. We found sufficient data on 44 of these interventions, in 16 areas.

Although the research offers an initial economic analysis of obesity, our analysis is by no means complete. Rather, we see our work on a potential program to address obesity as the equivalent of the maps used by 16th-century navigators. Some islands were missing and some continents misshapen in these maps, but they were still helpful to the sailors of that era. We are sure that we have missed some interventions and over- or underestimated the impact of others. But we hope that our work will be a useful guide and a starting point for efforts in the years to come, as we and others develop this analysis and gradually compile a more comprehensive evidence base on this topic.

We have focused on understanding what it takes to address obesity by changing the energy balance of individuals through adjustments in eating habits or physical activity. However, some important questions we have not yet addressed require considerable further research. These questions include the role of different nutrients in affecting satiety hormones and metabolism, as well as the relationship between the gut microbiome and obesity. As more clarity develops in these research areas, we look forward to the emergence of important insights about which interventions are likely to work and how to integrate them into an antiobesity drive.

The main findings of this discussion paper include:


The evidence base on the clinical and behavioral interventions to reduce obesity is far from complete, and ongoing investment in research is an imperative. However, in many cases this requirement is proving a barrier to action. It need not be so. Rather than wait for perfect proof of what works, we should experiment with solutions, especially in the many areas where interventions are low risk. We have enough knowledge to do more.

Richard Dobbs, James Manyika, and Jonathan Woetzel are directors of the McKinsey Global Institute, where Corinne Sawers is a fellow and Fraser Thompson is a senior fellow; Peter Child is a director in McKinseys London office; Sorcha McKenna is a principal in the Dublin office; and Angela Spatharou is a principal in the Mexico City office.

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How the world could better fight obesity | McKinsey & Company

Physical Therapy Home Exercise Program (HEP) | WebPT

23-09-2016 12:43 pm

Help Patients Achieve Goals at Home

WebPT believes in empowering the therapy community to achieve greatness in practice. Thats why, in addition to creating the leading web-based therapy-specific EMR solution, weve developed a physical therapy home exercise program (HEP) to help your patients get the most out of their treatment.

We all know prescribed home exercise is a key part of patient recovery and rehab, so it can be pretty frustrating when patients do not correctly follow the prescribed program. Make it easy for patients to stay compliant at home with the WebPT Home Exercise Program.

Add HEP to your practice to gain access to thousands of videos, color photos, and line drawingscomplete with instructionsthat you can email directly to your patients. Cant find what youre looking for in the peer-reviewed, predefined Exercise Profiles? Create your own customized profiles and even edit the instructions for a more personalized program.

Discover the WebPT Home Exercise Program as well as our therapy-centric EMR solution.Schedule a demo today.

Already a WebPT Member? Contact your Success Rep at 866-221-1870, option 3 or to learn more about our physical therapy home exercise program.

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Physical Therapy Home Exercise Program (HEP) | WebPT

How to Lose Weight – Diet Doctor

20-09-2016 2:43 pm

Do you have trouble losing weight? Or would you like to lose faster? Youve finally come to exactly the right place.

The sad truth is that conventional ideas eat less, run more do not work long term. Counting calories, exercising for hours every day and trying to ignore your hunger? Thats needless suffering and it wastes your time and precious willpower. Its weight loss for masochists. Eventually almost everyone gives up. Thats why we have an obesity epidemic.

Fortunately theres a better way. Get ready for effortless weight loss. li The bottom line? Your weight is hormonally regulated. All thats necessary is reducing your fat-storing hormone, insulin, and youll effortlessly lose excess weight.

Below is a practical step-by-step guide to do exactly that.

Are you ready? Here we go.

Start at the top of the list (most important) and go down as far as you need. Klick on any tip to read all about it. Perhaps you only need the first piece of advice?

Eighteen tips too many for you? Check out this new high-quality video course with the five most important ones. Sign up for free updates and youll get instant access to it:

or keep reading below for all 18.

If you want to lose weight you should start by avoiding sugar and starch (like bread). This is an old idea: For 150 years or more there have been an infinite number of weight-loss diets based on eating less carbs. Whats new is that dozens of modern scientific studies have proven that, yes, low carbis the most effective way to lose weight.

Obviously its still possible to lose weight on any diet just eat less calories than you burn, right? The problem with this simplistic advice is that it ignores the elephant in the room: Hunger. Most people dont like to just eat less, i.e. being hungry forever. Thats dieting for masochists. Sooner or later a normal person will give up and eat, hence the prevalence of yo-yo dieting.

The main advantage of low carb diets is that they cause you to want to eat less. Even without counting calories most overweight people eat far fewer calories on low carb. Sugar and starch may increase your hunger, avoiding it may decrease your appetite to an adequate level. If your body wants to eat an appropriate number of calories you dont need to bother counting them. Thus: Calories count, but you dont need to count them.

A 2012 study also showed that people on a low carb dietburned 300 more calories a day while resting!According to one of the Harvard professors behind the study this advantagewould equal the number of calories typically burned in an hour of moderate-intensity physical activity. Imagine that: an entire bonus hour of exercise every day, without actually doing it.

Bottom line: A low carb diet reduces your hunger and makes it easier to eat less. And it might even increase your fat burning at rest. Study after study show that low carb is the smart way to lose weight and that it improves important health markers.

Do you want to watch a new high-quality 11-minute video course on how to eat low-carb, high-fat (LCHF)? And about the most important things to think about? Sign up for free updates and youll get instant access to it:

Do you want to know more about exactly what to eat on low carb, exactly how to do it, potential problems and solutions and lots of great recipes?

Start here: LCHF for Beginners

Dont be hungry. The most common mistake when starting a low carb diet: Reducing carb intake while still being afraid of fat. The problem is that carbs and fat are the bodys two main energy sources.It needs at least one. Low carb AND low fat = starvation

Avoiding both carbs and fat results in hunger, cravings and fatigue. Sooner or later people cant stand it and give up. The solution is toeat more natural fat until you feel satisfied. For example:

Always eat enough, so that you feel satisfied, especially in the beginning of the weight-loss process.Doing this on a low carb diet means that the fat you eat will be burned as fuel by your body, as your levels of the fat storing hormone insulin will be lowered. Youll become a fat burning machine. Youll lose excess weight without hunger.

Do you still fear saturated fat? Dont. The fear of saturated fat is based on obsolete theories that have beenproven incorrect by modern science. Butter is a fine food. However, feel free to eat mostly unsaturated fat (e.g. olive oil, avocado, fatty fish) if you prefer. This could be called a Mediterranean low carb diet andworks great too.

Eating when hungry also implies something else:If youre not hungry you probably dont need to eat yet. When on a LCHF diet you can trust your feelings of hunger and satiety again. Feel free to eat as many times per day that works best for you.

Some people eat three times a day and occasionallysnackin between (note that frequent snacking could mean that youd benefit from adding fat to your meals, to increase satiety).Some people only eat once or twice a day and never snack. Whatever works for you. Just eat when youre hungry.

Read More about Why Eating When Hungry is Smarter than Counting Calories

On a low-carb diet you should aim to eat when hungry (see tip #2 above). And if youre not hungry? Dont eat. Nothing slows down weight loss more than frequently eating a lot of food that you do not need. This, in fact, is so important that its worth this section of its own.

Unnecessary snacking can be a problem on LCHF too. Some things are easy to eat just because theyre tasty and easily available. Here are three common traps to watch out for on LCHF:

Do you have to eat breakfast? No, of course not. Dont eat if youre not hungry. And this goes for any meal.

On a strict LCHF diet the hunger and urge to eat tends to decrease a lot, especially if you have excess weight to lose. Your body may behappilyburning your fat stores, reducing the need to eat.

If this happens, be happy! Dont fight it by eating food you dont want. Instead wait for the hunger to return before you eat again. This will save you both time and money, while speeding up your weight loss.

Some people fear that they will lose control if they dont eat every three hours, thus making them eat thousands of calories and blowing their diets completely. So they obsessively snack all the time.

This obsessive snacking may be necessary on a diet high in sugar/processed carbs to control hunger cravings, but itsusually completely unnecessary on an LCHF diet. Hunger will only slowly return and youll have plenty of time to prepare food or grab a snack.

To lose weight quickly and sustainably: Eat when youre hungry but only when youre hungry.Forget the clock and listen to your body instead.

Learn more in these videos:

Tracking successful weight loss is sometimes trickier than youd think. Focusing only on weight and stepping on the scale every day might be misleading, cause unnecessary anxiety and undermine your motivation for no good reason.

The scale is not necessarily your friend. You may want to lose fat but the scale measures muscles, bone and internal organs as well. Gaining muscle is a good thing. Thus weight orBMIare imperfect ways to measure your progress. This is especially trueif youre just coming off a long period of semi-starvation (calorie counting), as your body may want to restore lost muscles etc. Starting weight training and gaining muscle can also hide your fat loss.

Losing fat and gaining muscles is great progress, but you may miss this if you only measure your weight. Thus its smart to also track the disappearance of your belly fat, by measuring yourwaist circumference.

Heres how to do it:

Compare your result to these recommendations:

I recommend aiming for excellent but its not always realistic. Young people can usually achieve this, but for some middle-aged or older women it may be a major victory to get all the way to decent.

I suggest measuring your waist circumference and weight before starting and then perhaps once a week or once a month. Write the results down so that you can track your progress.If you want you can measure more areas: around the buttocks, the chest, the arms, legs, etc.

Note that your weight can fluctuate up and down several pounds from day to day, depending on fluid balance and stomach contents: Dont worry about short term changes, instead follow the long-term trend.

If you can, try tocheck other important health markerswhen starting out, like these:

These markers are almost universally improved on a low carb diet, even before major weight loss. Re-checking these health markers after a few months can be great for your motivation astheyll usually showthat youre not just losing weight, youre gaining health too.

PS:Dont have a measuring tape at home? Try these options:

It usually takes years or decades to gain a lot of weight. Trying to lose it all as quickly as possible by starving yourself rarely works well long-term, thats just the recipe for yo-yo dieting. To succeed you need something that works long term.

Its common to lose2-6 pounds (1-3 kg) within the first weekon a strict low carb diet, and then on average aboutone pound (0.5 kg) per week as long as you have a lot of weight remaining to lose.This translates into about 50 pounds (25 kilos) per year.

Every 5 pounds of fat loss roughly equals 1 inch lost around the waist (1 kilo = 1 cm).

Young males sometimes lose weight quicker than this, perhaps twice as fast. Post-menopausal women may lose at a slightly slower pace. People on a very strict low carb diet may lose weight quicker, as well as those who exercise a lot (a bonus). And if you have an enormous amount of excess weight to lose you could start out much faster.

As you get closer to your ideal weight the loss slows, until you stabilize at a weight that your body feels is right. Hardly anyone gets underweight on a low carb diet as long as they eat when hungry.

Examples: Weight loss stories.

Are you coming off a period of semi-starvation (calorie counting)? Focus on your waist circumference and health markers (see advice #4) at first as it sometimes takes several weeks before weight loss is apparent.

Expect weight loss plateaus: Days or weeks where nothing seems to happen on the scale. Everybody hits them. Stay calm. Keep doing what youre doing and eventually things will start happening again (if not, check the other 16 tips).

Losing a lot of weight long-term and keeping it off forever wont happen unless youchange your habits forever. If you lose weight and then return to living exactly the way did when you gained weight, dont be surprised when the excess weight returns. It will.

Maintaining weight loss requires long-term change and patience. If this doesnt seem possible for you, then youre perhaps more interested inone of these magical diet scams.

Forget quick fixes:If you lose some weight every month, eventually youll get rid of all your excess weight.Thats inevitable progress. Thats what you want.

PS:Long-term change is only hard in the beginning, especially during the first couple of weeks.Its like quitting smoking.Once you develop new habits it becomes easier and easier every week. Eventually it comes naturally.

Keep reading!

This is a tip that goes for men as well, of course, but eating fruit is a more common obstacle for women trying to lose weight.

This advice is controversial as fruit has an almost magical health aura today. People may believe that fruit is nutritious butunfortunatelyfruit contains a lot of sugar around 10% by weight (the rest is mostly water). Just taste an orange or a grape. Sweet, right?

Five servings of fruit per day is equivalent to the amount of sugar in 16 ounces of soda (500 ml). Contrary to what many people believe the sugar is more or less identical (about 50% glucose, 50% fructose).

Sugar from fruit can shut down fat burning. This can increase your hunger and slow your weight loss.For best results avoid fruit or enjoy it occasionally as a treat.

Bottom line:Fruit is candy from nature.

Most people believe that fruit is natural, but todays fruit in the supermarket have very little in common with what fruit used to look like before. Theres way more sugar in modern domesticated fruit.

What Fruits and Vegetables Looked like Before

This applies to women too, but men drink more beer on average. Beer contains rapidly digested carbsthat shut down fat burning. Thats why beer is sometimes referred to as liquid bread. Theres a good reason for the term beer belly.

Here aresmarter alcoholic optionsfor losing weight:

These drinks hardly contain any sugar/carbohydrates so theyre better than beer. However, large amounts of alcohol might slow weight loss somewhat, so moderation is still a good idea.

LowCarbAlcohol theBest and the Worst

Many people replace sugar with artificial sweeteners in the belief that this will reduce their calorie intake and cause weight loss. It sounds plausible. Several studies, however, have failed to show any positive effect on weight loss by consuming artificial sweeteners instead of plain sugar.

Instead, according to scientific studies,artificial sweeteners canincrease appetite and maintain cravings for sweet food. And one recent independent study showed that switching drinks with artificial sweeteners to water clearly helped women lose weight:

Study: Avoiding Diet Beverages Helps Women Lose Weight

This could be because the body increases insulin secretion in anticipation that the sugar will appear in the blood. When this doesnt happen, blood sugar drops and hunger increases. Whether this chain of events regularly take place is somewhat unclear. Something odd happened when I tested Pepsi Max though, and there are well-designed studies showing increased insulin when using artificial sweeteners.

Furthermore, artificial sweeteners can maintain an addiction to sweets and lead to snack cravings. And the long term effects of consuming artificial sweeteners are unknown.

Studies claiming to show neutral or positive effects of sweeteners are usually funded by the beverage industry.

By the way, Stevia is marketed as a natural alternative to artificial sweeteners. Thats marketing talk. There is nothing natural abouta processed super-sweet white powder like Stevia.

If youre having trouble losing weight I suggest that you completely avoid sweeteners. As a bonus youll soon start to enjoy the natural sweetness of real food, once youre no longer adapted to the overpowering artificial sweetness of junk food and diet sodas.

23706:35Do you find the idea of avoiding sweeteners almost impossible to imagine? Addiction to sugar and sweet foods is very common, but its possible to become free. Check out our video course with addiction specialist Bitten Jonsson, RN.

Read More about Artificial Sweeteners

Many prescription drugs can stall your weight loss. Discuss any change in treatment with your doctor. Here are the worst three:

These other medications can also cause problems:

Have you ever wished for more hours of sleep, and a less stressful life in general? Most people have and that can be bad news for their weight.

Chronic stress may increase levels of stress hormones such as cortisol in your body. This can cause increased hunger and result in weight gain. If youre looking to lose weight, you should review possible ways to decrease or better handle excessive stress in your life. Although this often demands substantial changes, even altering small things such as posture may immediately affect your stress hormone levels, and perhaps your weight.

You should also make an effort to get enough good sleep, preferably every night. Strive to wake up refreshed of your own accord, independently of the alarm clock. If youre the kind of person who always gets brutally woken up by the alarm ringing, you might never be giving your body adequate rest.

One way to combat this is to go to bed early enough for your body to wake up autonomously before the alarm clock goes off. Letting yourself get a good nights sleep is another way of reducing stress hormone levels.

Sleep deprivation, on the other hand, comes hand in hand with sugar cravings. It also has an adverse effect on self-discipline and makes it painfully easy to give in to temptation (its no coincidence that induced sleep deprivation is a common interrogation technique). Similarly, sleep deprivation weakens your resolve to work out.

Do you have trouble sleeping even if theres ample time for it? Here are five tips from an expert:

Finally, make sure that your bedroom is dark enough, and stays at a pleasant temperature. Sleep well!

Many may find the above guidelines difficult to follow, perhaps because of a lack of time (or the equivalent small children!). But stressing less and sleeping more doesnt just feel good. It can also play a part in helping you get thinner.

Read More About the Benefits of Sleep

Read more:
How to Lose Weight – Diet Doctor

Growth Hormone Injections: Uses and Side Effects – Medical News Today

19-09-2016 10:45 pm

Hormones play a significant role in the body. They play a part in controlling nearly every major body function, including growth. If their body does not produce enough, a person may need to have growth hormone injections.

Different hormones are responsible for controlling various body functions and processes. Hormones control processes such as:

There are several glands in the body that produce hormones, but the pituitary is considered the master control gland. Not only does it control other glands but it also makes the hormone that triggers growth.

The pituitary gland is located in the brain below the hypothalamus. It secretes hormones in response to chemical messages from the hypothalamus.

The human growth hormone, HGH, helps to influence height, as well as build bones and muscles in the body.

HGH is essential to growth, especially in children. It controls more than just growth, however, and is involved in many processes in the body. It helps with the processing of protein and increases fat breakdown to help provide the energy needed for tissue growth.

Growth hormone levels can change through the day and physical activity plays a part. Exercise and similar activities can cause the levels to rise naturally. Sleep, stress, and low blood sugar levels also increase growth hormone levels.

Even small changes in HGH levels affect the body. Too little or too much growth hormone can cause significant growth problems. Too little HGH is one of the main causes of short stature and conditions such as dwarfism.

A lack of HGH is usually due to damage to the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus. Mutations in genes can also cause a lack of HGH.

Children who suffer from a lack of HGH are often a normal size when born. Some children are unable to produce HGH when they are born and remain deficient throughout their life. In some children, a lack of HGH is part of a genetic condition. In many others, the cause of the deficiency is unknown.

The age of 2 or 3 is when growth problems are often noticed. Children may experience slow growth or even none at all. Symptoms of HGH deficiency in children are:

In adults, a lack of HGH is often due to permanent damage to the pituitary gland. The damage could have occurred in childhood or adulthood.

Problems in the pituitary with producing HGH are commonly due to a pituitary tumor. The pituitary can be damaged by the tumor itself or by treatment such as surgery and radiotherapy.

In adults, a lack of HGH can cause a number of different problems including:

Growth hormone deficiency can also be a combination of one or more hormone deficiencies. Children may also be suffering from medical conditions that require HGH treatment including:

The most common treatment in both adults and children is growth hormone therapy using lab-developed HGH injections.

The growth hormone is designed to mimic the behavior of natural HGH in the body. It will be prescribed by a doctor. Doses will be administered several times per week or on a daily basis depending on how severe the deficiency is.

HGH treatments can be self-administered or given by a doctor. Treatments are often given for several years. Patients will see their doctor every month or so to check their condition.

Blood tests will be carried out to see if extra growth hormone is needed and if treatments should be increased, decreased, or stopped. Cholesterol levels, blood sugar levels, and bone density will also be checked to see if they are healthy.

Taking growth hormone can affect the body’s response to insulin, which controls blood sugar levels. Growth hormone deficiency can also lead to high cholesterol and brittle bones if it is not treated.

Specific treatment for growth hormone deficiency depends on the person and is based on certain factors such as:

The earlier the lack of HGH is treated in children, the better chance they have to grow to a near-normal adult height. Children can gain as many as 4 inches or more over the first 3 years of treatment. Another 3 inches or more can grow during the next 2 years.

Many adults have to take HGH treatment for the remainder of their life. The goal of growth hormone treatments in adults and children is to restore energy, metabolism, and body shape. It can help to reduce total body fat, especially around the belly.

HGH injections can also help to improve strength and exercise tolerance. Many people experience an increase in general well-being and overall quality of life.

Most people handle HGH injection treatments well with few problems. There are some possible side effects, however, including:

Those who experience these symptoms or other problems should talk to their doctor. They can change the dose if necessary to help remedy the symptoms.

Some people should not take HGH injections. They include people who have:

Also since growth hormone can affect insulin usage in the body, people with diabetes should watch their blood sugar carefully.

Other treatments may be required depending on the cause of the HGH deficiency. Surgery or radiation may be necessary to treat a tumor in the pituitary. Pituitary hormones may also have to be taken to correct a gland that is not working properly.

Long-term use of HGH injections can cause a condition called acromegaly because adults cannot grow taller by using the synthetic growth hormone. The high doses only thicken the person’s bones instead of lengthening them.

People with acromegaly will experience an overgrowth of bones, particularly in the hands, feet, and face. The skin area can also be affected and may turn thick, coarse, and hairy. The excess HGH levels can also lead to high blood pressure and heart disease.

HGH injections have also become popular for nonmedical usage. Body builders and athletes sometimes use them to help them get larger muscles, more energy, and increased stamina. HGH injections are deemed as performance-enhancing drugs and banned in professional sports.

HGH injections are also advertised as an anti-aging or weight loss treatment. Many people aim to help increase their energy as well as fight the decrease in muscle and bone mass that happens with aging.

The Endocrine Society do not recommend HGH injections for adults or children unless they have a growth hormone deficiency. There is not enough evidence available to prove that HGH injections can make an athlete better or slow down the aging process. Using them for any nonmedical reason is illegal in the United States.

The Mayo Clinic state that HGH injections can have the following side effects in healthy adults:

HGH injections are designed for adults or children who have a lack of growth hormone and should only be described by a doctor.

Mental and emotional therapy may be another important part of treatment. People with a lack of growth hormone should try to lead a healthy lifestyle. Both children and adults should focus on getting plenty of sleep, eating a balanced diet, regularly exercising, and following medical advice.

Written by Brian Wu

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Growth Hormone Injections: Uses and Side Effects – Medical News Today