Search Diet & Weight Topics:
Page 11234..1020..»

Chorionic gonadotropin human lyophilized powder, vial of …

Nov, 19th 2018 11:44 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Analysis Note

Thecalculated value is based on the USP method for human Chorionic Gonadotrophin, to meet 10,000 IU per vial, with a tolerance ofnot less than 80.0% and not more than 125.0% of the potency stated.

When reconstituted with water to a concentration of 1,000 IU/mL, the vial will also contain 0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer (pH approx. 7.2) and 10 mg/mL of mannitol.

Human chorionic gondadotropin (hCG) may be used as an alternative to PMSG to induce ovulation in laboratory animals. When hCG was injected into laboratory animals via intravenous (i.v.), intraperitoneal (i.p.), or subcutaneous (s.c.) methodstet, the effective dose values for 50% of the animals (ED50) per animal and per body weight (kg) in parenthesis were as follows: Mice: i.v. 0.2 (7.7) I.U.; i.p. 0.3 (11.5) I.U.; s.c. 0.7 (26.9) I.U.Syrian hamsters: i.v. 1.0 (9.5) I.U.; i.p. 1.8 (17.1) I.U.; s.c. 2.6 (24.8) I.U.Rats: i.v. 1.3 (4.6) I.U.; i.p. 3.5 (12.3) I.U.; s.c.7.5 (26.3) I.U.

Using PMSG, the ED50 values per animal and per body weight (kg) in parenthesis were as follows:Mice: i.v. 0.8 (30.8) I.U.; i.p. 2.0 (76.9) I.U.; s.c. 2.8 (107.7) I.USyrian hamsters: i.v., 3.6 (34.3) I.U.; i. p., 8.0 (76.2) I.U.; s.c., 13.2 (125.7) I.U. Rats: i.v., 6.0 (76.8) I.U.; i p., 20.8 (73.0) I.U.; s.c., 76.8 (269.5) I.U.

Glycoprotein hormone consisting of a 92-amino acid -chain which is identical to that of LH, FSH, and TSH; and a distinct 149-amino acid -chain. Produced by chorionic tissue and responsible for maintaining the corpus luteum during early pregnancy. Also produced by trophoblast cell neoplasms, which are marked by elevated free hCG -chains and hyperglycosylated hCG.

See the rest here:
Chorionic gonadotropin human lyophilized powder, vial of …

The 5 Steps to Losing Weight Fast – Thrive/Strive | Lose …

Nov, 18th 2018 12:43 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Losing weight comes down to knowledge.

Thats it.

Once you understand how your body works then it becomes a lot easier to lose weight. The problem is many people go around trying a million different things that all conflict with each other and when they dont see the results that they want they think that it is impossible to lose weight.

Its quite possible to lose weight quickly if you take the right steps. What constitutes quick weight loss? How about 7lbs in 7 days? That sounds pretty awesome!

If you think that is impossible you are thinking about this all wrong.

First, you need to be positive!

Second, its definitely possible because one of the first things that you will learn to do is to stop sabotaging your body.

Now you mightve been told that you should lose weight slowly. The reason people tell you this is because they think that if you are losing weight quickly, you are doing so in a way that harms your body. Nothing in this post is harmful to you and nothing is voodoo.

You wont be told to take fat-burner bills that keep you up for the next 5 days.

Instead, I will share 5 steps with you to lose weight fast. These arent steps that you can skip either. Think of these as being written in stone.

If you decide not to follow them then that is on you.

Before we dive into the steps I want to take the time to answer this question. Losing weight fast has a number of benefits that you should consider.

Studies have shown that those who lose the most weight in the first 2-4 weeks of dieting have the greatest weight loss results in the following year.

So that means losing weight in the short term has a positive effect on the long-term results.

You know what one of the worst things is when you are trying to lose weight? Not actually losing weight!

This is why people that are trying to diet will try between 3 to 4 different diets a year. Nothing seems to be working so they keep on looking!

When you dont get results that can leave you frustrated and can kill your motivation completely. When you do get results you want to keep that momentum going.

Think about it. You are on a weight loss program which usually means you need to change your routine. Odds are you probably like your routine because you continue to do it so if you are going to change it, it better be for something that works.

If it doesnt work you quickly fall back into your old routine that isnt working for you either, but at least its something that you like.

Now imagine your new routine is starting to show results in 3 days. What do you think will happen then? You wake up a little more upbeat than usual. You have no problem ignoring that cupcake at work.


Because things are working for you.

When you see results it is easier to stay motivated and stick with the new routine. When you dont see results you ask yourself what is the point?

Lose weight faster, stay motivated longer.

We arent talking about the extreme things that boxers and UFC fighters do with their bodies, but have you ever heard of someone dying from trying to lose weight quickly in a responsible way?

It just doesnt happen!

However, how many people die from being overweight? You dont have to look it up because Ill tell you.


There are over 300,000 obesity related deaths a year just in the United States alone. Its an epidemic.

Thinking that losing weight quickly is a bad thing is a crazy thing to think. None of the methods that youll learn below will deprive your body of the nutrients that it needs so there is no fear in losing weight quickly.

The only fear should be of not starting at all.

Now, just because there are only 5 steps doesnt mean this will be a breeze. In theory, all of this should be easy, but thats how most people approach these things.

These steps arent miracles but they do work if you apply yourself.

Step 0 is understanding that this is all on you. If you want to make it happen you can make it happen.

Youve probably heard of this one before, but carbohydrates are the #1 reason why people become overweight.

If you want to learn more about carbs then check out our easy guide to carbs.

To get started on your quick weight loss plan you need to do a carb detox. You need to flush all of the bad carb stuff from your body. This has nothing to do with calories. This has everything to do with the twinkie that you made disappear in 3 seconds.

Doing a carb detox will reduce your calories and force your body to flush out any excess water weight. Dont be surprised if this results in a 5-8 pound drop in weight during the first week.

This is also why many people gain the weight back so quickly after they eat a plate of spaghetti.

Another plus to this, especially those prone to diabetes, is that it will help to reset your bodys insulin levels and become more sensitive to carbohydrates when you do bring them back into your diet.

What? Did you think you were done with carbs forever? Psh, nobody is done with carbs forever.

While doing this process you might also find that your body enters a state of ketosis. What follows is what is commonly known as keto flu. You might experience headaches and other flu-like symptoms for a couple of days. Crazy things happen when you begin to flush out the toxins from your body and restart it.

In my 20s I didnt really care about sleep. I would stay up late either working, gaming, or partying. I would catch up on sleep in the morning and then hit the routine again.

It wasnt good at all.

Many people that are trying to lose weight fail to do so because they dont get proper sleep. It makes sense because you dont really associate sleep with losing weight, but its a really big deal.

One of the worst things about getting a lack of sleep is that your willpower reserves start to drop. When your willpower is low thats when you begin to make poor food decisions. Its a slippery slope from thinking that one Oreo wont hurt to finally eating the whole pizza on your own.

Good sleep also ensures that your hormones are functioning properly. You never want to throw your hormones out of whack because it completely disrupts everything that you have going for you.

Okay, so youve cut out the carbs and have an awesome game plan for getting a good nights sleep, but you probably want to eat at some point.

So what do you eat?

When you are doing your detox you want to consume a ton of protein every chance you get. The reason why is because your body has to find a new energy source since you are depriving it of all of the sweet sugars you used to give it.

Protein becomes that new energy source.

Foods like organic chicken and eggs, beef, and salmon are a great source of protein. If you arent trying to chew food 16 hours a day then consider finding a good whey protein to add to the mix.

The fun doesnt stop there. You will want to cover these foods in high-quality fats. Not pig lard, but extra virgin olive oil and coconut oil.

If you think these fats are a bad thing you are sorely mistaken. They are a blessing. Not only do they add awesome flavor to your meals, but they also provide another energy source for your body.

Be sure to add some low-carb vegetables to the side as well. If you didnt know that vegetables are a source of carbs then make sure you read our guide to carbs.

This is a tricky step because common sense tells you that you should be exercising while dieting and at some point you should. It shouldnt happen when you are going through your detox though because your body is adjusting and its pretty hard to convince your mind to eat differently and start a new workout routine.

Because of the carb detox you will already be losing weight so you want to keep that momentum going. Working out requires your body to burn through its energy sources and because your body is still adjusting that usually means that if you work out now that donut looks much more appealing later.

However, once youre done with your detox you can start to insert some exercise because you will start to eat some carbs again. The reason why you are taking this approach is because you want to prevent something called the down-regulation of metabolism.

What is that? Excellent question!

It is when your bodys metabolism rate slows down because you are eating less food. You want to include exercise in your regimen so it doesnt continue to slow down and all it takes is exercising 3x a week.

The best type of exercise you can do for this in our opinion is circuit training.

Knowing how to read food labels is important, but you never want to end up just reducing your food to numbers. You want your body to enjoy everything that you consume and you want to feel good about it later.

The problem with just reducing food to just numbers is that you can find sneaky ways to get a box of chocolate chip cookies into your daily diet if you skimp out on other things.

But how are those cookies going to make you feel? While they may help you reach your daily carb limit are they providing any other nutrients that your body needs?

A huge mindset win for you will occur when you can stop thinking about just the taste of a food and also start thinking about how it is going to make you feel later.

Almost everything good that I like to eat that is bad for me results in me feeling even worse later.

If you follow these steps and nothing is happening then there is a good chance you are consuming too much food. Low-carb vegetables are great to eat but if you are consuming 50lbs worth a day you shouldnt expect to lose any weight.

If you arent seeing any results then it becomes time to count your calories. Its pretty difficult to eat more than your daily calorie count, but its not impossible.

The 5 Steps to Losing Weight Fast – Thrive/Strive | Lose …

Keto, Mediterranean or Vegan: Which Diet Is Best for the Heart?

Nov, 16th 2018 11:41 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

CHICAGO In the room, physicians and nutritionists clung to their idea of an ideal diet like a parent clings to his or her child.

On Nov. 10, here at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions annual meeting, a group of panelists discussed which diets they thought were the best for heart health, pulling on already-published data from recent years. Though there wasn’t a clear winner, the panelists agreed that an ideal diet is one that is high in vegetables, high in non-processed whole foods, and low in processed meat, added sugar and carbohydrates.

Though the best diet “depends on the individual I also firmly believe that everyone should focus on a foundational diet that includes all of [these] agreed upon components,” one of the panelists, Christopher Gardner, director of Nutrition Studies at Stanford Prevention Research Center, told Live Science afterwards. [Diet and Weight Loss: The Best Ways to Eat]

But even those agreed upon components would be a major dietary change for most Americans and only once you get down to that “foundational diet” is there “room to ‘biohack’ your way to your own personalized diet,” Gardner said.

What’s more, the best diet is also “the one you can stick to,” and more specifically, the “highest quality” one you can stick to, he said.

The panelists discussed three diets vegan, Mediterranean and keto and their effects on heart health.

The vegan diet

The vegan diet calls for the elimination of all meat and animal products from the diet, and focuses primarily on veggies.

“If you substitute animal protein with plant protein, you would decrease mortality [and] cardiovascular risk factors” over a period of time, said Dr. Kim Williams, a cardiologist at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, during the session. Past studies have shown that the risk decreases the most when you stop eating processed red meat, he added. Compared with a diet high in meat, a plant-based diet also reduces high blood pressure and there’s evidence it also decreases levels of C-reactive protein, a marker of inflammation in the body, he said.

But even without the vegan diet, “if everybody went from [eating] processed red meat to [eating] just regular red meat, we would dramatically decrease cardiovascular death in this country,” Williams said.

Still, the vegan diet isn’t perfect. The diet can lead to a vitamin B12 deficiency a vitamin that’s found in animal products. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to reduced red blood cell counts, or anemia. (Another cause of anemia is iron deficiency.) What’s more, the vegan diet is not going to work if, along with your veggies, you’re also eating plates of fried food, Williams added. [7 Tips for Moving Toward a More Plant-Based Diet]

The Mediterranean diet

The Mediterranean dietallows for animal protein, but fish is preferred over red meat. Extra-virgin olive oil takes a lead role in this diet, which also includes nuts, lots of vegetables, fruits and wine (in moderation). There’s evidence that the Mediterranean diet reduces levels of “bad” cholesterol and is associated with a reduced risk of death from heart disease, according to the Mayo Clinic.

This summer, however, the Mediterranean diet took a hit when a major study touting its benefits was retracted because of problems with the methodology. Though some experts said that the retraction significantly weakened the claim that the Mediterranean diet is heart-healthy, others said there’s enough other research showing it is beneficial, and that they’d continue to recommend it, Live Science reportedin June.

The principal investigator of that trial, Dr. Miguel Martnez-Gonzalez, an epidemiologist at the University of Navarra in Spain, was also a panelist at Saturday’s talk. He noted that even after the team retracted the study and reanalyzed the data, the findings, for the most part, held true: The diet is still heart-healthy.

The keto diet

Finally, in this non-exhaustive list of diets, the ketogenic diet. This is one that’s low in carbohydrates and high in fat, with a moderate amount of protein. Dr. Sarah Hallberg, the medical director at Virta Health, stressed during the session that the keto diet “it is a whole food diet, .. [not] a hotdog and cheese diet.”

Carbohydrates can come from non-starchy vegetables, nuts and seeds, some berries, or dairy, but not from grains, potatoes or sugar, Hallberg said. According to Hallberg, this diet also decreases risk factors for cardiovascular disease. (Of note, Virta Health is a company that claims to be able to reverse type 2 diabetes without medications or surgery, instead by reducing carbohydrates in a person’s diet.)

However, other experts have raised concerns that people on the keto diet are more prone than others to regain weight they’ve lost because the diet can be difficult to stick to in the long run, Live Science reported in May. What’s more, the high levels of fat and cholesterol in the keto diet may be harmful for heart health.

Though all the panelists felt strongly about the diet they advocated for, there was some common ground. The major point that the panelists agreed on is that whole foods are much better than processed foods. [11 Ways Processed Food Is Different from Real Food]

With that in mind, researchers don’t need more studies to tell us what food is healthy and what isn’t, but rather, they need to focus on how to get people to stick to healthy diets, Gardner said.

This can involve motivating people to prepare meals at home, educating people on the societal and planetary consequences of what they eat such as the effect of eating meat on global warming and climate change, animal rights and human labor abuses and by creating national health policies that can help make healthier food more affordable.

“Almost anything is better than the way most Americans are eating now,” said panel moderator Dr. David Katz, a preventive-medicine specialist at Yale University’s Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center in Derby, Connecticut. “‘America runs on Dunkin” and multicolored marshmallows are ‘part of a complete breakfast’ fix that, and things will tend to improve.”

Originally published on Live Science.

Read this article:
Keto, Mediterranean or Vegan: Which Diet Is Best for the Heart? – HCG & Everything You Need to Know About Buy …

Nov, 15th 2018 6:45 am, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Human Chorionic Gonadotropine (HCG)HCG Weight Loss

The HCG (human cg) diet has been very popular for several years now. We are dealing here with a very extreme diet that promises alleged1-2lbs weight loss per day. In addition, one should not feel hungry. This next post casts an objective eye on the so great, fast and healthyHCG Diet.

With the original hCG 3 weeks diet by Dr. med. Simeons can be lost in a three-week diet up to about 10% of his body weight. (Women about 8-10%, men 10-12%).

One of the most popular remedies on the market is HCG, often mistakenly used with HGH or anabolic steroids. It is extremely effective during a course, but also particularly interesting in post-cycle therapy, in order to boost natural testosterone production and reverse testicular atrophy. Everything you need to know,we have summarized in theHCG for Menarticle.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropins come in different forms. Depending on the application and preferences, there are, among others, theHCG Drops, which is the most used form forHCG Diet Dropsor the hcg tablets. And there are also the HCG Injections, these are mainly preferred by the men.

There are countless different types of diets that aim to burn body fat, either to counter obesity or to make the muscles more defined. A very effective diet variant, at least when it comes to losing a lot of weight in a short time, is the metabolic regimen, also known as the HCG diet. Everything you should know about this topic can be found here.

Dr. Simeons, has found that thegonadotropin chorionic (HCG)is successful especially in the very resistant fat deposits on the stomach, hips and thighs. It is increased by hCG increased body fat, because the body is faked a pregnancy. Nevertheless, this diet is suitable for both men and women.

A hCG 3 week diet lasts at least three weeks (21 days).

The two days before are considered as preparation phase, the so-called gourmet days (hCGLoading phase). The actual diet phase consists of a special diet. In the aftermath of the diet, the so-called stabilization phase (maintenance phase), it is important to keep a close eye on the weight and slowly return to normal eating habits.

Two phases of diet can be taken without a break after each other (hcg 6-week diet).

Weight reduction beyond these levels is unlikely but not impossible. Without the supportive drops / injections you would not stick to thehCG500 calorie diet.They would lose weight, but they would be hungry all the time, tired and in a bad mood. The drops / injections in combination with the 500-calorie diet/ 800 Calorie Diet or 1200 Calorie Diet, the body can rely on its fat reserves and provide energy from it.

During the metabolic cycle, among other things, the acid-base balance of the body should be optimized and freed in parallel of toxins or detoxified, which should also lead to a radical weight loss due to the diet, without losing muscle mass.

In general terms, the metabolic treatment is adiet supported by HCGfor the metabolism, which can help to detoxify the body, deacidify, rehabilitate the intestines (intestinal rehabilitation) and to sustainably train a healthy diet. The weight loss is often listed as a positive side effect in which mainly depot fat is to be broken down. Depot fat is commonly known as annoyingbelly fat, fat on the butt, cellulite, back fat and hip fat, so summarized the problem areas.

Those who want to break down fat sustainably in these body regions are often recommended to use the metabolic diet. The most important in the metabolic treatment is the balanced supply of all necessary cell-available vitamins, minerals, trace elements and other important nutrients for the body. This care is essential for the success of this cure or diet.

HCG, here serves as an activator for the hormone balance, in order to optimize metabolic processes, such as, inter alia, the lipid metabolism, so the metabolism. Furthermore, it can come by the supplied micronutrients and globules that certain, partly also caused by malnutrition symptoms of deficiency and aging such as fatigue, lability, joint complaints, etc. significantly improve. Through the homeopathic hCG information, the metabolic diet specifically attacks the depot fat on the abdomen, buttocks and legs.

Unlike many other diets, it maintains muscle mass. In some cases, especially in certain chronic diseases, it can come as a positive side effect to a significant improvement in the condition.

It is generally divided into three hcg phases:

Start taking HCG and eat plenty of high-fat, high-calorie foods for 2 days (hcg food recipes phase 1).On these two loading days can be eaten as much as you want and also what you want. Buffets, fast food, ice cream, no matter what. Everything your heart desires may be consumed at will. This has the purpose, similar to Cheatmeals, to force the metabolism to peak performance. On these days, the use of homeopathic HCG is also started. The dosage follows below.

Continue taking HCG and eat only 500 calories per day for 3 to 6 weeks.Normally, it should not come here due to the HCG replacement here to energy waste, or starvation, as targeted fat deposits are attacked and thus the energy supply is maintained. However, it may come in the first few days of the diet to fatigue, but this has to do with the habituation of the body and with the fact that the body is at the beginning very rapidly concerned with the removal of toxins. Only what is given may be eaten. Find a list withhcg food recipes phase 2 below.

Stop taking HCG. Gradually increase food intake but avoid sugar and starch for 3 weeks (hcg meal plan phase 3). After the weight loss phase, the intake of HCG replacement is now omitted, which the body must be re-energized through food. At this point, a protein-rich, varied diet should be followed.

USHCG results arelose in a three-week diet up to about 10% of body weight!

USHCG results arelose in a three-week diet up to about 10% of body weight!

Want to buy hcg injections? Our supplier offers injections and kits for the lowest prices online (limited time only) HERE >


The complete package is perfect for the HCG diet, for 30 days you have everything you need for it. From me there is a clear purchase recommendation.


I started at the beginning of May with 200 and am now at 175 lbs. Im really grateful that there is HCG and can only recommend these products! Real Top !!!


We did the cure for two and were very happy with the products. The weight loss has worked really well and our blood levels were after the cure as good as years ago. I would do the cure again at any time.


Absolutely excited! I bought it for detoxification and my general condition has improved very positively. A positive side effect for me was weight loss and intensive learning about healthy eating. If you want, you can always call for advice by phone.


Super diet. After endless search and try different diets, it worked great with this. Im totally happy about that. Had no hunger and no cravings for sweets.


Have the diet following the enclosed consumption recommendation and guidance made, and reduce my weight by 22lbs. You have to be consistent, but you will be rewarded with weight loss .


Since Ive been taking dietary supplements for a long time and have tried a lot, I have to say that these drops are the best on the market so far! Its hard to believe what these little miracle drugs in the gym cause! Amazing changes visible after a short time!6x times a day and the magic can begin.

Always my pleasure


HCG really works!!! Its one of the best weight loss tools available and FAST. I highly recommend it!


I used the HCG hormone for weight loss and it turned out to be the best decision of my life. I have never felt more confident and secure. taking the HCG hormone has completely changed my life. HCG hormone had helped me reduce a considerable amount of weight. I would advise every obese person to give a chance to the naturally occurring hormone. It can give you the make you feel like flying. Weight loss is the most devastating process an obese person go with. I can understand that better than anyone. However, my obese days are well behind me now.

I heard about this hormone on the internet and was automatically convinced on using it. I did not give it a second thought and went for it only to never regret. HCG hormone is formed naturally during pregnancy. Which implies it is very safe to use and completely natural. HCG can be the key to healthy weight loss. The hormone has paved the way to future endeavors. I personally feel that the hormone should reach each and every person in need. HCG hormone helped me lose weight fast as compared to traditional methods. It can fasten up the metabolism action.


I would definitely recommend this to any one that has suffered the same things that I suffered. My family and friends have been asking me what I have been doing to achieve this massive weight loss and I am really flattered when they do that. I am really happy and I am not going back to what I was before. I recommended this to my family and friends. It is the best weight loss supplement that I had ever taken. It is also very cheap and convenient to take. I am happy that I found this product. Thank you very much! I really love this product.



Benedikt Reuters

Review Date


Reviewed Item

Author Rating

Table of contents of the guide

Read the original here: – HCG & Everything You Need to Know About Buy …

7. Obesity Management for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes …

Nov, 14th 2018 2:46 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith


Metabolic surgery should be recommended as an option to treat type 2 diabetes in appropriate surgical candidates with BMI 40 kg/m2 (BMI 37.5 kg/m2 in Asian Americans), regardless of the level of glycemic control or complexity of glucose-lowering regimens, and in adults with BMI 35.039.9 kg/m2 (32.537.4 kg/m2 in Asian Americans) when hyperglycemia is inadequately controlled despite lifestyle and optimal medical therapy. A

Metabolic surgery should be considered as an option for adults with type 2 diabetes and BMI 30.034.9 kg/m2 (27.532.4 kg/m2 in Asian Americans) if hyperglycemia is inadequately controlled despite optimal medical control by either oral or injectable medications (including insulin). B

Metabolic surgery should be performed in high-volume centers with multidisciplinary teams that understand and are experienced in the management of diabetes and gastrointestinal surgery. C

Long-term lifestyle support and routine monitoring of micronutrient and nutritional status must be provided to patients after surgery, according to guidelines for postoperative management of metabolic surgery by national and international professional societies. C

People presenting for metabolic surgery should receive a comprehensive mental health assessment. B Surgery should be postponed in patients with histories of alcohol or substance abuse, significant depression, suicidal ideation, or other mental health conditions until these conditions have been fully addressed. E

People who undergo metabolic surgery should be evaluated to assess the need for ongoing mental health services to help them adjust to medical and psychosocial changes after surgery. C

Several gastrointestinal (GI) operations including partial gastrectomies and bariatric procedures (35) promote dramatic and durable improvement of type 2 diabetes. Given the magnitude and rapidity of the effect of GI surgery on hyperglycemia, and experimental evidence that rearrangements of GI anatomy similar to those in some metabolic procedures directly affect glucose homeostasis (36), GI interventions have been suggested as treatments for type 2 diabetes, and in that context are termed metabolic surgery.

A substantial body of evidence has now accumulated, including data from numerous randomized controlled clinical trials, demonstrating that metabolic surgery achieves superior glycemic control and reduction of cardiovascular risk factors in obese patients with type 2 diabetes compared with various lifestyle/medical interventions (35). Improvements in micro- and macrovascular complications of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer have been observed only in nonrandomized observational studies (3746). Cohort studies attempting to match surgical and nonsurgical subjects suggest that the procedure may reduce longer-term mortality (38).

On the basis of this mounting evidence, several organizations and government agencies have recommended expanding the indications for metabolic surgery to include patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes and BMI as low as 30 kg/m2 (27.5 kg/m2 for Asian Americans) (4750). Please refer to Metabolic Surgery in the Treatment Algorithm for Type 2 Diabetes: A Joint Statement by International Diabetes Organizations for a thorough review (35).

Randomized controlled trials with postoperative follow up ranging from 1 to 5 years have documented sustained diabetes remission in 3063% of patients (35). Available data suggest an erosion of diabetes remission over time (51): 3550% or more of patients who initially achieve remission of diabetes eventually experience recurrence. However, the median disease-free period among such individuals following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is 8.3 years (52,53). With or without diabetes relapse, the majority of patients who undergo surgery maintain substantial improvement of glycemic control from baseline for at least 5 (54,55) to 15 (38,39,53,5658) years.

Younger age, shorter duration of diabetes (e.g.,

Beyond improving glycemia, metabolic surgery has been shown to confer additional health benefits in randomized controlled trials, including greater reductions in cardiovascular disease risk factors (35) and enhancements in quality of life (54,59,61).

The safety of metabolic surgery has improved significantly over the past two decades, with continued refinement of minimally invasive approaches (laparoscopic surgery), enhanced training and credentialing, and involvement of multidisciplinary teams. Mortality rates with metabolic operations are typically 0.10.5%, similar to cholecystectomy or hysterectomy (6266). Morbidity has also dramatically declined with laparoscopic approaches. Major complications rates are 26%, with minor complications in up to 15% (6270), comparing favorably with other commonly performed elective operations (66). Empirical data suggest that proficiency of the operating surgeon is an important factor for determining mortality, complications, reoperations, and readmissions (71).

Although metabolic surgery has been shown to improve the metabolic profiles of morbidly obese patients with type 1 diabetes, establishing the role of metabolic surgery in such patients will require larger and longer studies (72).

Retrospective analyses and modeling studies suggest that metabolic surgery may be cost-effective or even cost-saving for patients with type 2 diabetes, but the results are largely dependent on assumptions about the long-term effectiveness and safety of the procedures (73,74).

Originally posted here:
7. Obesity Management for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes …

Diet Center Review (UPDATE: 2018) | 12 Things You Need to Know

Nov, 13th 2018 5:51 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Diet Center is a program that focuses on weight loss for men and women. As with many other weight loss programs, Diet Center claims to have the most effective program. Aside from a few stock-looking before and after photos on their website, we did not find any clinical information that supported their claim.

Diet programs and supplements alike use unique and attention-grabbing language to engage prospective buyers. To help us sort through the real facts and determine the accuracy of Diet Centers claim, we signed up our research team to do some legwork. Here is what they found out.

Diet Center can be purchased through their Official Site.


Diet Center is a weight loss program that is intended for both men and women. Users of all genders are offered Diet Fast, 21-Day Diet, Exclusively You, and Shape Up diet plans.

The program is available across the United States so scheduling a consultation with an expert health representative nearby is relatively easy. Online consultations are also available.

To deliver optimum weight loss results, the experienced health coaches provide meal preparation tips, behavioral guidance, nutritional supplementation, and online support.

This is how much it costs to start on the respective program. We always recommend trying a product before making a large investment.

The program started in 1973. Aside from in-person coaching, there exists an online community that assists clients in achieving their weight loss goals.

To encourage people who dont already use the program, the Diet Center website also lists real success stories of users who have experienced tremendous weight loss or improved health.

Lastly, they have a store offering various supplements that are specially designed to prevent weight gain and promote weight loss.

To date, the company has already helped approximately 15 million people lose a significant amount of weight.

To deliver the best possible results, the companys team of researchers and dietitians continues to monitor the latest advancements and nutritional studies that could further optimize the quality of the products they offer.

The company promises to continue to deliver and create highly customized weight loss regimens. Each plan is tailored to each clients needs and desires.

Each product launched in the market was subjected to rigorous studies, taste tests, quality assurance, and nutritional analysis to ensure that they deliver expected results.

Being accessible at most times is perhaps one of the reasons why this product works. If clients are having difficulties in understanding or following their guides, the Diet Center health care professionals are just a phone call away.

Scroll below for one of the best products weve seen over the last year.


The Diet Center claimed that they have the most effective weight loss regimen. Unlike other weight loss products, Diet Center delivers results because each plan is specially customized to the bodys current condition and needs.

The company works under a premise that a diet plan may not work well for everyone. Researchers believe that human bodies have different needs and chemistries, thus, what works for one may not work for others.

This premise inspired them to create comprehensive diet plans that are customized to the clients specific needs, availability, and requirements.

In the spirit of helping every dieter, Diet Center offers carefully planned healthy meals to those who dont have the luxury of time to cook as well as exciting and enticing recipes and guides to those who love being in the kitchen preparing food.

Along with these food options are supplements that are formulated to boost the results of the clients weight loss efforts.


The Diet Center Fiber capsules consist of psyllium seed husks, citrus pectin, and artichoke.

Below are the details on how these ingredients promote weight loss:

Psyllium Seed Husks

Psyllium has profound positive effects on the human body. Research showed that it contains potent substances that are particularly useful in promoting weight loss.

Taken from the plant Plantago ovata, psyllium has rich fiber content, according to Fiber is known for its weight loss contributions.

Once ingested, this type of fiber draws water from the colon, and it immediately forms into a gel.

This process keeps people full for a period, which prevents them from taking in more calories.

When taken in high dosage, psyllium can help in reducing appetite.

Citrus Pectin

According to Dr Axe, pectin is a type of carbohydrate extracted from seeds, fruits, and vegetables. It is rich in fiber which is useful in treating or fighting some health conditions including constipation, diabetes, and other digestive issues.

Its soluble fiber content works by binding together all toxins, cholesterol, and other fatty substances found in the digestive tract. The substance will then trigger the elimination of this mass formation.

Thus, pectin plays a role in promoting detoxification and good gut health. This is why pectin works as a weight loss supplement.

Pectin is also believed to be effective at regulating the bodys blood sugar levels. When left unregulated, the spike in blood sugar will trigger constant food cravings which will ultimately lead to weight gain.

Pectin may also be useful in breaking down fats into fatty acids.


Artichoke is an herb that is also used in many weight loss products.

A study revealed that artichoke contains potent substances that are useful in suppressing appetite as well as in boosting ones metabolism.

Aside from promoting weight loss, artichokes may also have profound effects on lowering the bodys cholesterol, improving digestion, and regulating the blood. All of these may contribute to weight gain when left untreated.

Artichoke may also regulate weight management due to its natural diuretic properties. It improves kidney function and removes water retention, writes

Studies revealed that the use of natural anti-diuretics might enable the patient to lose 5-10 pounds within just a week.

Meanwhile, its ability to flush out toxins may also result in weight loss.

Does It Work?

Diet Center offers four different diet plans which include the Instant Shape Up, Diet Fast, Exclusively You, and the 21-Day Diet.

Below are details of each diet plan.

This program is ideal for men and women who love preparing their meals.

Users have to go through an enrollment process. In this process, they learn the about the right amount of calories they would need in each meal.

Once the caloric level is determined, the client will receive meal planners, diet resources, recipe guides, and other useful materials.

This program follows the four phases of losing weight which include maintenance, stabilization, reducing and conditioning.

The main focus of the program is to provide exercise tips, behavioral guidance, as well as lessons on better food choices and healthier eating habits.

The program does not require consumers to purchase food products from their stores only. They can buy food supplies from the local grocery stores near them, but there are some Diet Center products which they can incorporate into their daily diet and lifestyle.

Diet Center offers protein snacks, entre options, meal replacements, and fat-burning products, among others.

When youre on a diet, it is very likely that your body will lack various nutrients that are essential to keep it at the optimum.

With the Diet Center program , your body still gets an adequate amount of vitamins and minerals through their chewable supplements.

The Diet Center Chewable supplements come with ample amount of ingredients that are necessary to keep the body sugar at the optimum level.

Also, the supplements are designed to curb hunger or appetite and to help metabolize carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

With Diet Center, your body still achieves nutritional balance despite being on a diet. Your diet counselor will give you personalized tips to overcome various obstacles that hinder you from achieving your weight loss goals.

Tips on how to achieve and maintain your weight loss goals will also be given.

However, the program doesnt stop at giving supplements and helping clients achieve their desired body weight and size. Your local weight loss counselor will also recommend exercise or workout plans are tailored to your daily activities and needs.

Diet Center also aims to help clients sustain and maintain their desired weight level for a lifetime. Thus, the company will be sending out healthy lifestyle tips on a weekly basis.

Also, they make sure that you get customized one-on-one consultations with your counselors to discuss more effective lifestyle changes and adjustments for better results.

If you cant find the time to prepare your own healthy and nutritious meals, then this program is right for you. It offers an aggressive meal plan that contains high protein and low carbohydrates.

Instant Shape Up involves the intake of three shakes or replacement bars followed by a meal comprised of ingredients purchased from the local grocery store.

The program is relatively easy to follow. The replacement products are available in 9 different flavors, but all contain lots of vitamins and minerals to achieve nutritional balance.

In this program, the Diet Center Chewable Supplements will be used with the addition of the Diet Center Fiber Capsules or Fulfill Drinks. Once enrolled, users are entitled to a two-week supply of Diet Center fiber capsules and chewable supplements.

Fibers are widely known for their ability to promote weight loss. There are types of fibers which are not digested by the body. This type of fiber will pass through your stomach and colon without being digested. In effect, your sugar level will not spike, states WebMD.

When blood sugar levels rise, food cravings usually follow. But in this case, the fibers ingested will make the user feel full and satiated for a long period. In effect, hunger is suppressed.

Just like Exclusively You, Instant Shape Up is designed to help clients eliminate their poor eating habits that only result in weight gain. As the program progresses, the clients will learn to view food in a different perspective.

According to experts, peoples attitudes towards food should change significantly for them to obtain their weight loss goals and maintain them throughout their lifetimes.

Despite the massive efforts they exert in controlling their food intake, many people are still having difficulties in shedding pounds. This leads to frustrations and eventually, they give up on their goals.

With Diet Center Diet Fast program, consumers can get their bodys much-needed nutrients while achieving their weight loss goals. This is made possible through the companys comprehensive meal plans.

The program offers healthy replacement meals including shakes, puddings, drinks, and bars that are specially formulated to help burn fats, enhance metabolism, and curb hunger.

They offer food options with ingredients that are known for their fat burning, low glycemic, high satiety, and high fiber contents. All of these properties are known to play significant roles in achieving weight loss.

In addition to their replacement meals, Diet Center also offers diverse supplements and products that synergize with these meals in order to get optimum weight loss results.

Clients who opted for this program will receive a two-week diet kit which includes a supply of Diet Center Fiber Capsules, Diet Center Chewable supplements, as well as the Vitamin & Minerals and Cal-Mag.

These products are specially formulated to deliver significant results on your weight loss efforts.

The promise of immediate, satisfactory results is what draws people to try out every weight loss product out there. Experts say that there is no easy way to achieve a well-toned and sexy body, but trying this 21-Day Diet Plan might work for you.

This program is designed to turn your body into a fat-burning engine. It makes use of a water enhancer and protein supplements to stimulate the bodys natural thermogenic activities. Thermogenesis is the process in which the body burns down calories and turns them into heat.

The Maximum Strength 24 Hour Thermogenic Liquid Water Enhancer contains chromium polyinosine, which helps in reducing sugar cravings as well as in regulating ones appetite.

It also includes hoodia, which also suppresses the appetite and calcium pyruvate, which works best in increasing metabolism as well as in burning fats more efficiently.

The Diet Center gold premium protein supplements are specially formulated to prevent hunger and burn a significant amount of fat.

The users will also be required to take the Advanced Fat Burning 24-Hour Thermogenic Water Enhancer. This product will boost the bodys ability to metabolize fat.

Consumers will be required to take Diet Center chewable supplements to curb their hunger, stabilize blood sugar levels, and burn fat.


Since Diet Center diet plans are customized to the clients caloric need and lifestyle factors, incredible results are expected quickly.

More here:
Diet Center Review (UPDATE: 2018) | 12 Things You Need to Know

6 Eating Rules For Faster Weight Loss –

Nov, 13th 2018 5:51 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

2. Calcium & Vitamin D

Strive for three servings of calcium- and vitamin D-rich foods a day. These nutrients often occur together in foods, especially dairy.

Calcium and vitamin D work together in your body, primarily to strengthen your bones. But if the latest research is any indication, both of these nutrients may flex some muscle in your weight loss success. Dairy foods are the prime source of calcium and vitamin D in the diet. In a study from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, college students who came closest to meeting the three-a-day dairy requirement while eating an otherwise healthy diet weighed less, gained less, and actually lost belly fat, compared with students who consumed little or no dairy.

Moreover, vitamin D by itself may play a role in weight control. Extra body fat holds on to vitamin D so that the body cant use it. This perceived deficiency interferes with the action of the hormone leptin, whose job is to tell your brain that youre full. And if you cant recognize when youre satiated, youre more likely to overeat.

You may also want to consider a vitamin D supplement. The latest research suggests that this nutrient may be a factor in protecting you from everything from heart disease to memory loss and even chronic pain. Evidence is mounting that we need more than the current recommended intakes, especially as we age, because older skin produces less vitamin D (and sunscreens block the bodys ability to use sunlight to produce this vitamin). Thats why the leading experts in vitamin D research are now recommending a daily supplement of 1,000 IU of vitamin Dthe kind most readily used by the body.

Daily Recommended Calcium IntakeMen and women ages 19-50: 1,000 milligramsMen and women age 51+: 1,200 milligrams

Daily Recommended Vitamin D IntakeMen and women ages 19-50: 200 IUMen and women ages 51-70: 400 IUMen and women age 71+: 600 IU

See the original post here:
6 Eating Rules For Faster Weight Loss –

Pritikin Diet | Healthiest Diet on Earth – Science Based …

Nov, 13th 2018 5:51 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

The Pritikin Eating Plan uses the latest scientific research to provide dietary guidelines that will help you avoid and often reverse diseases that can rob you of the good health you need to enjoy a good life.

Below is a quick summary of the Pritikin Diet. For all the details, scroll down to the section entitled Food Choices For a Lifetime Of Good Health.

The Pritikin Diet focuses on a wide variety of whole (unprocessed) or minimally processed foods. Click on the GO tab for these foods.

CAUTION and STOP foods on the Pritikin Diet are those that have been proven to increase the risk of obesity and/or multiple health concerns, including high blood cholesterol, high blood sugar, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and some cancers.

Go FoodsCaution FoodsStop Foods

The Pritikin Diet focuses on a wide variety of whole (unprocessed) or minimally processed foods.

CAUTION foods on the Pritikin Diet are those that have been proven to increase the risk of obesity and/or multiple health concerns, including high blood cholesterol, high blood sugar, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and some cancers.

STOP foods on the Pritikin Diet are those that have been proven to substantially increase the risk of obesity and/or multiple health concerns, including high blood cholesterol, high blood sugar, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and some cancers.

5 or more servings daily of whole grains (such as whole wheat, oats, rye, brown rice, barley, quinoa, and millet); starchy vegetables (like potatoes, yams, and winter squashes); chestnuts; and legumes (beans, peas, and lentils). A serving is 1/2 cup cooked. For whole-grain bread products (like breads, bagels, and crackers), a serving is 1 ounce, which is generally half a common portion.

Limit refined grains (like white bread, white rice, and white pasta) as much as possible. But keep in mind that white does not necessarily mean unhealthy. There are many healthy foods that are white, such as cauliflower, white potatoes, jicama, and nonfat yogurt.

5 (preferably more) servings daily. A serving is 1 cup raw or 1/2 cup cooked. Enjoy a variety of colors, like dark green, yellow, red, and orange vegetables. The more vegetables and other low-calorie-dense foods you eat, the less need there is for counting calories. Youll just naturally eat fewer calories, and shed excess weight.

4 or more servings of whole fruits daily. For most fruits, a serving fits in your hand. Examples include all fresh and raw fruits, and frozen and canned fruits without added sugar. Enjoy whole fruit, not fruit juices. And dont believe silly science that says fruit is fattening. To the contrary! People have shed 100 pounds and more with Pritikins fruit-rich diet.

2 servings daily of dairy foods and/or dairy substitutes.

For dairy foods, choose from nonfat milk (1 cup), nonfat yogurt (3/4 cup), and nonfat varieties of ricotta and cottage cheese (1/2 cup). Choose plain nonfat milk, not flavored varieties like chocolate. Nonfat Lactaid is also acceptable.

For dairy milk substitutes, choose those that closely match the nutritional richness of nonfat cows milk for calcium, vitamins D and B-12, and protein. Optimal choices tend to be fortified soymilks (original or unsweetened). Almond and rice milks usually score well for calcium, D, and B-12, but poorly for protein. So if you drink a cup of almond or rice milk, add to your daily diet a lean, protein-rich food like 1/2 cup cooked legumes (beans) or 2 egg whites. Steer clear of coconut milk because it contains saturated fat.

For all dairy milk substitutes, make sure they contain very little or no added sugars, sodium, and saturated fat.

Note: Many plant foods are rich sources of calcium, such as leafy greens like collard greens, turnip greens and kale, as well as tofu and tempeh.

Pritikin, one of the healthiest diets on earth, includes protein from both animal and plant sources.

No more than 1 serving per day. A serving is about 3 to 4 ounces cooked (the size of a deck of cards).

Below are fish/poultry/meat choices rated from Best to Poor:

For optimal heart-health results, limit Satisfactory choices to no more than 1 serving per week and Poor choices to no more than 1 serving per month.

Up to 2 daily. If you prefer egg whites instead of other land-based animal foods like white poultry and lean meat, you may eat more. About 7 egg whites is the protein equivalent of 1 serving of poultry or meat. Steer clear of egg yolks and their high dietary cholesterol.

For maximum cholesterol reduction and giving yourself the best chance at reversing atherosclerosis (heart disease), choose on most days protein-rich plant foods like beans instead of land-based animal foods like poultry and meat. And yes, you can get plenty of protein with a plant-based diet.

Have the Pritikin Meal Plan delivered to your home or office. Choose from a variety of meal packages, spices, sauces, books, gifts and more. Pritikin Online Market

GO | Miscellaneous FoodsPlus Weight-Loss Tips

The healthiest diets on earth often include a bounty of fresh herbs in addition to whole, fiber-rich foods.

Water (plain, bottled, low-sodium, mineral); hot grain beverages (coffee substitutes); non-medicinal herbal teas (such as peppermint, rosehips, and chamomile); and cocoa up to 2 tablespoons per day (use non-alkali processed cocoa). You do not have to drink large amounts of water daily. Simply drink when thirsty.

If you choose to drink caffeinated beverages, we recommend green or black tea over coffee because of teas many health benefits. We also recommend moderation: no more than 400 mg of caffeine daily (the amount in about 4 eight-ounce cups of coffee or 8 eight-ounce cups of tea).

Coffee, both regular and decaf, does contain chemicals (diterpenes) that may modestly raise LDL cholesterol. However, by brewing with paper filters like paper cones or capsule filters like Keurig, the diterpenes are largely eliminated.

Use in moderation or not at all. For women, up to 4 drinks per week, with no more than 1/2 to 1 drink per day. For men, up to 7 drinks per week, with no more than 1 to 2 drinks per day. A drink is approximately 5 oz of wine, 12 oz of beer, or 1 oz of 80 proof liquor. Choose red wine over white wine, wine over beer, and either over liquor.

Culinary herbs are rich sources of many beneficial phytonutrients, and are a good way to add flavor without extra calories, fat, or salt. Include at least 1 to 2 teaspoons of dried herbs or 1 to 2 tablespoons of fresh herbs each day.

While artificial sweeteners have not been proven to aid weight loss, they may be of benefit to people with diabetes, elevated triglycerides, and those following the Pritikin Eating Plan to lose weight. Limit intake to no more than 10 to 12 packets per day. Sucralose (Splenda) and stevia (brand names include SweetLeaf and Truvia) appear to be the safest choices.

Go wild on vegetables. The more vegetables, including dark green, yellow, red, or orange vegetables, the better! Theyre among the best foods for weight loss.

Limit calorie-dense foods such as dried grains (breads, crackers, cold cereals), dried fruits, nuts, and seeds. Avoid refined or concentrated sweeteners. They all pack a lot of calories into very small amounts of food. Youll find it much easier to feel full and satisfied and curb hunger if you focus instead on high-water, high-fiber foods like cooked grains (such as oatmeal and brown rice), vegetables, and whole fruits. These foods arelow in calorie density. Youll eat more and weigh less.

Steer clear of fruit and vegetable juices because they provide less satiety than whole fruits and vegetables.

Celebrate! Eat as many whole grains, vegetables, legumes (such as beans and peas), and fruits as you want. Enjoy more calorie-dense foods such as avocados and nuts, but limit them to keep your weight under control. Limit avocado intake to no more than 2 ounces per day. Limit walnuts, flaxseeds, almonds, pumpkin seeds, pecans, pistachios, sunflower seeds, filberts (hazelnuts), peanuts, cashews, and macadamia nuts to no more than 1 ounce per day.

CAUTION | The Less the Better

While Caution foods are not recommended, this list provides direction when food choices are limited.

Limit the consumption of ALL oils to no more than 1 teaspoon per 1000 calories consumed, especially if youre trying to lose weight, because oils have the highest calorie density of any food or ingredient.

For healthy individuals who choose to use sweeteners, a suggested rule of thumb is a maximum of 2 tablespoons of fruit juice concentrate or 1 tablespoon of other refined sweeteners (such as barley malt, corn syrup, rice syrup) per 1000 calories consumed. None is optimal. Avoid fructose and high fructose corn syrup.

Avoid added salt, and highly salted, pickled, and smoked foods. Limit foods that have more than 1 mg of sodium per calorie so as not to exceed 1200 to 1500 mg of sodium per day, depending on age. Its one of the most important things you can do to lower blood pressure.

Limit as much as possible foods containing refined grains (such as white pasta, white bread, and white rice).

STOP | Think About It First

When faced with foods in the Stop category, search for choices in the Go, and, if necessary, Caution foods. Stop foods, due to their high content of saturated fat, hydrogenated fat, cholesterol, and/or sodium, may significantly compromise your personal health goals. Be wary of headline-grabbing media storiesthat suggest otherwise. Unfortunately, thetypical American diet is largely made up of Caution and Stop foods.

Limit the following choices to less than once per month. None is optimal.

The typical American Diet is full of fatty meats, unhealthy oils, egg yokes and deep fried foods. Diseases like obesity, type-2 diabetes, hypertension, high-cholesterol and heart disease are the result of this unhealthy diet.

Such as butter, coconut oil, palm kernel oil, lard, chicken fat, palm oil, cocoa butter, chocolate, margarine, hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, and shortenings.

Such as fatty meats, organ meats, and processed meats (hot dogs, bacon, and bologna).

All cheese, cream, cream cheese, half-and-half, ice cream, milk, sour cream, and yogurt, unless fat-free and low in sodium.


Potassium chloride. Learn more about salt substitutes.

Egg yolks, deep-fried foods, non-dairy whipped toppings, rich desserts and pastries, and salty snack foods.

Five bountiful meals and snacks are served daily at the Pritikin Longevity Center. The Pritikin Diet works in part because you arent losing your mind while youre losing weight, notes comedian and actress Caroline Rhea, first host of The Biggest Loser. Theres no calorie counting, no deprivation, and no hunger.

Instead, the focus is a lot of good food that is low in calorie density, naturally high in nutrients, and delicious. The food tastes great, and thats saying something from a steakhouse guy like me, says John Timothy Gannon, cofounder of Outback Steakhouse Restaurants.

Each day, wellness education workshops and cooking classes led by Pritikins nutritionists and award-winning chefs teach all the basics for healthy Pritikin living at home. Topics include:

Healthy does not have to mean blah! The award-winning chefs at Pritikin are masters at showing people how delicious healthy eating can be. Get a taste of Pritikin deliciousness with this Carrot and Pineapple Salad. Its a favorite among guests at the Pritikin health resort.

Follow this link:
Pritikin Diet | Healthiest Diet on Earth – Science Based …

Rabbit Food | House Rabbit Society

Nov, 13th 2018 5:51 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

What are the basics of a good house rabbit diet?

A rabbits diet should be made up of good quality pellets, fresh hay (timothy or other grass hays), oat hay, water and fresh vegetables. Anything beyond that is a treat and should be given in limited quantities.

Pellets should be fresh, and should be relatively high in fiber (18% minimum fiber). Do not purchase more than 6 weeks worth of feed at a time, as it will become spoiled. Pellets should make up less of a rabbits diet as he or she grows older, and hay should be available 24 hours a day. Alfalfa pellets are fine for younger rabbits but timothy pellets are preferred for older rabbits.

When shopping for vegetables, look for a selection of different veggieslook for both dark leafy veggies and root vegetables, and try to get different colors. Stay away from beans and rhubarb. Introduce new veggies slowly. Heres a suggested veggie list.

Hay is essential to a rabbits good health, providing roughage which reduces the danger of hairballs and other blockages. Apple tree twigs also provide good roughage. Find out where to buy hay here.

When you feed a lower quantity (or no) of pellets, you must replace the nutritional value without the calories, which is done by increasing the vegetables. Also, a variety of hay must be encouraged all day long, we do this by offering fresh hay a couple of times a day.

Primary Author(s): Marinell HarrimanSources: HRH, various articles from the HRJ, RHN

More rabbit food information:

See original here:
Rabbit Food | House Rabbit Society

Ketogenic Diet Meal Plan – 7-Day Menu – My Dream Shape!

Nov, 13th 2018 5:51 pm, Article Recommended by Dr. J. Smith

Ketogenic Diet 7-Day Meal Plan

A lot of people have been asking me what a goodketo diet menu would look like. I’m happy to share this 7-Day Ketosis menu with you. If you’d like to find more Keto Recipes to custom your own, take a look at myKetogenic Dietrecipesdatabase.

Also for more information about what are the best foods to eat on a Ketogenic Diet Plan, have a look at myKetogenic Diet Food List.

Fore more information about what you need to know before you start this diet plan and how to avoid side effects, take a look at myKetogenic Diet Guide(you’ll get detailedinformation about what is Ketosis and what it does to your body).

Keep in mind that everybody has different needs, you’ll also have to adjust your plan as you lose weight since your needs will change.

To find out how many calories you need daily use this tool : Daily Calorie Intake Calculator.

This will give you the amount of calories you need to maintain your weight, lose 1-2 pounds per week or gain 1-2 pounds per week.

Female in good shape :

For me (female), to use the Daily Calorie Intake Calculator,I would enter 120 pounds, then since I’m 5’6″ I would enter 66 inches (5 feet x 12 inches / feet + 6 inches = 60 + 6 = 66), then I would enter 29 years oldfemaleand exercise 3-5x per week.

This gives me 2085 Calories a day.

Male in good shape :

For my boyfriend, to use the Daily Calorie Intake Calculator,I would enter175 pounds, then since he’s 5’9″ I would enter69 inches(5 feet x 12 inches / feet + 6 inches = 60+ 9 = 69), then I would enter36 years old maleandexercise 6-7x per week.

This would give him 4425 Calories a day.

You can skip this step my just usingtheDaily Calorie Intake Calculator.Ok so here’s how it works.

To burn 1 pound of fat you need to burn 3500 calories.

Me and my boyfriend both want to lose 2 pounds a week at this point.

Female (29 years old, 120 pounds, active) :

2775 Calories a day (maintenance) – 1000 calories (deficit) = 1775 calories a day.

Male (36 years old, 175 pounds, very active) :

4425 Calories a day (maintenance) – 1000 calories (deficit) = 3425 calories a day.

Keep in mind that this doesn’t work for everyone, it’s just a guide line, not an exact science.

Weight your self at the beginning of the week and at the end of the week. If you lost more than 2 pounds, add 10% to your calories for the next week. If you lost less than 2 pounds, reduce your calories by 10%.

I found that 1500 calories works better for me. My boyfriend is fine with 3400 calories.

Getting the right amount of proteins is key to the Ketogenic diet!

Eating too much protein can throw you off Ketosis as eating to much carbs would!

Since it is recommended to have between 10% and 35% of proteins in your diet, I like to aim for the middle at 22.5%. Having more proteins on a diet will reduce muscle loss. On the other hand, having too much proteins will throw you out of ketosis since it will turn into glucose.

So to have an idea of how many proteins you need, use theKeto Calculator.

Myriam : (120 pounds, 66 inches, 29 years old, female, active) = 117 grams of proteins daily

Dan : (175 pounds, 69 inches, 36 years old, male, very active) = 173 grams of proteins daily

As stated in my Ketogenic Diet Introduction Guide, it is best to keep your carbohydrates around 5% but this is not easy to achieve.

1 gram of carbohydrate is 4 calories

For me, 5% of 1500 calories is 75 calories for carbs. 75 calories / 4 calories per gram of carb = 18.75 grams of carbs daily.

I don’t obsess over it, I round it up to 20 grams of carbs daily.

These are really net carbs. This means you can deduce 1 gram of carb per gram of fiber that you eat.

Raspberries for example contains the most fibers you can find in fruits, so they’re a good choice.

For my boyfriend, 5% of 3400 calories is 170 calories for carbs. 170 / 4 = 42.5 grams of carbs daily.

He rounds it up to 40 grams.

To do so, you can use my Keto Calculator :

These macros are based on the book “The Ketogenic Diet – A Complete Guide For The Dieter And The Practitioner”.

Once you know how much carbs and proteins you need, you can deduce the amount of fat you need.

calories total – calories from carbs – calories from proteins = calories from fat

grams of fat = calories from fat devided by 9.

Example of a 1500 calorie plan :

Example of a 3400 calorie plan :

As a rule of thumb you can keep your macros around : 75% Fats, 25% Protein, and 5% Carbs. If you are active, you can bear with upping the carbs a bit, but when you are doing a strictly low carb diet, you might now be able to push yourself to exercise as hard depending on how your react to it.

If you want some tips and tools to help you easily count your calories during the day, use my guide :

How do I count my calories to burn fat?

The macros are provided in all these recipes. Some of them have more carbs than others so just and match them to get to your daily needs

Also, take a look at my Ketogenic Diet Food Listis color coded to help you make your own menu! It also links to detailed nutritional value of all ingredients.

If I’m going to have carbs during the day, I try to have them for breakfast. Note that the smoothies are a bit higher in carbs. Don’t eat the fruits with your omelet if they don’t fit your macros but raspberries are loaded with fibers so they will bring your net carbs down.

For lunch, I like to keep everything fast and easy. Most of the time I’ll go with a spinach salad as spinach have more fibers than lettuce and you need your greens. It also won’t get soggy like lettuce would in your lunch.

For dinner I like good spices to make things a bit more exotics and tasty. I also like to keep my carbs low.

Check these5 Ketogenic Diet Snacks!

Keto Deviled Eggs

I like to insert bacon slices between meals to fill the fat needs if needed. It makes it easy!

Check out Ketogenic Diet Recipes database :

There is something on the market callKeto Sticks, you will have to urinate on it in order to find out the amount ofKetones(fat fragments) that’s in you. Yes, that means that you’re peeingfat!

Let me know what is you favorite Keto Recipe in the comments below!

Follow this link:
Ketogenic Diet Meal Plan – 7-Day Menu – My Dream Shape!